The Inflating Earth – Sea Level

The concept of “sea level” is a curious beast because the oceans aren’t level.

ocean topography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_surface_topography

This irregular “sea level” is also continuously moving.

The M2 tidal constituent

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tides

However, after about nineteen years it is possible to calculate the Local Mean Sea Level for a given location provided everything else remains constant.

Local mean sea level (LMSL) is defined as the height of the sea with respect to a land benchmark, averaged over a period of time (such as a month or a year) long enough that fluctuations caused by waves and tides are smoothed out.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sealevel

Nineteen years is preferred because the Earth, moon and sun’s relative positions repeat almost exactly in the Metonic cycle of 19 years, which is long enough to include the 18.613 year lunar nodal tidal constituent.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tide

Unfortunately, not everything remains constant.

The Earth’s surface rises and falls vertically.
The Earth’s crust stretches and compresses horizontally.
The volume of water entering the Earth’s oceans rises and falls.
The volume of water leaving the Earth’s oceans rises and falls.

The resulting variations in Local Mean Sea Level are measured in millimetres per year.

One must adjust perceived changes in LMSL to account for vertical movements of the land, which can be of the same order (mm/yr) as sea level changes.

Some land movements occur because of isostatic adjustment of the mantle to the melting of ice sheets at the end of the last ice age. The weight of the ice sheet depresses the underlying land, and when the ice melts away the land slowly rebounds.

Atmospheric pressure, ocean currents and local ocean temperature changes also can affect LMSL.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_level_rise

The resulting variations in the Global Mean Sea Level are called eustatic changes.

“Eustatic” change (as opposed to local change) results in an alteration to the global sea levels, such as changes in the volume of water in the world oceans or changes in the volume of an ocean basin.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_level_rise

Unfortunately, in the long-term geological timescale, this makes it extremely difficult to estimate ancient global sea levels because every variable that can vary has varied.

Various factors affect the volume or mass of the ocean, leading to long-term changes in eustatic sea level. The two primary influences are temperature (because the density of water depends on temperature), and the mass of water locked up on land and sea as fresh water in rivers, lakes, glaciers, polar ice caps, and sea ice.

Over much longer geological timescales, changes in the shape of oceanic basins and in land–sea distribution affect sea level.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_level_rise

Additionally, the problems of estimation are compounded by the difficulties in dating ancient geological formations and the incomplete sampling of all the world’s geological formations.

Needless to say, the “science” of geology has overcome these difficulties to determine the global sea level fluctuations for the last 542 million years.

Phanerozoic_Sea_Level

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sealevel

Based upon this reconstruction of “sea level” the mainstream has constructed a narrative.

The most up-to-date chronology of sea level change during the Phanerozoic shows the following long term trends:
● Gradually rising sea level through the Cambrian
● Relatively stable sea level in the Ordovician, with a large drop associated with the end-
Ordovician glaciation
● Relative stability at the lower level during the Silurian
● A gradual fall through the Devonian, continuing through the Mississippian to long-term low at the Mississippian/Pennsylvanian boundary
● A gradual rise until the start of the Permian, followed by a gentle decrease lasting until the Mesozoic.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sealevel

The mainstream narrative is very keen to relate that “ice ages” reduce sea level.

During the most recent ice age (at its maximum about 20,000 years ago) the world’s sea level was about 130 m lower than today, due to the large amount of sea water that had evaporated and been deposited as snow and ice, mostly in the Laurentide ice sheet.
Most of this had melted by about 10,000 years ago.

Hundreds of similar glacial cycles have occurred throughout the Earth’s history.

Geologists who study the positions of coastal sediment deposits through time have noted dozens of similar basinward shifts of shorelines associated with a later recovery.

This results in sedimentary cycles which in some cases can be correlated around the world with great confidence.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sealevel

Unfortunately, there are a few problems with this mainstream narrative.

Firstly, the narrative fails to indicate the source of the Earth’s water and its rate of arrival.

Secondly, the narrative ignores the opening up of the oceans around 200 million years ago.

Earth_seafloor_crust_age_1996

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seafloor_spreading

Thirdly, the narrative fails to mention that [by definition] prior to about 200 million years ago all sea level records must relate to the “sea level” of an endorheic basin.

Endorheic Basins

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endorheic_basin

Endorheic basins are closed drainage basins without an outflow to the ocean.

An endorheic basin is a closed drainage basin that retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that equilibrate through evaporation. Such basins may also be referred to as closed or terminal basin or as internal drainage systems.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endorheic_basin

This is a real problem for the mainstream narrative because the current ocean basins only started opening up about 200 million years ago. And to make matters worse the mainstream has no idea when the current ocean basins became connected to establish a Global Sea Level.

The mainstream “sea level” narrative is deeply flawed but the mainstream “sea level” data uncannily [and very informatively] matches the mainstream “seafloor spreading” pattern.

Sea Level Insert

The first logical conclusion [which the mainstream fails to acknowledge] is that rapid “seafloor spreading” has been associated with the rapid “outgassing of water” from the Earth so that the oceans now cover about 71% of the Earth’s surface to an average depth of 3,682 metres.

The second logical conclusion [which the mainstream fails to acknowledge] is that global “sea level” has fallen by about 250 metres during the last 100 million years because the Earth is still [very slowly] inflating and [very slowly] losing water into “space” via the photodissociation of water into oxygen and hydrogen. The heavier oxygen stays in the lower atmosphere whilst the lighter hydrogen is lost into “space” via the exosphere.

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7 Responses to The Inflating Earth – Sea Level

  1. Pingback: The Drake Passage Impact Event | MalagaBay

  2. Jim Coyle says:

    Just a thought: after reading about the expanding earth idea I also saw something about gravitational anomoly showing that that the earth might not be round but ovid. Could the earth be flattenning out?

  3. The expanding earth theory raises the issue of the location of the oceans when the earth was smaller, but adding the Polar Configuration might solve the problem. Even mainstream science acknowledges that the southern and northern hemispheres had inexplicably different flora and fauna. If Saturn stood fixed above our north pole, it would have illuminated the north more than the south, perhaps having a profound effect on life, as well as raising permanent, standing tides, tides which might even have stood high enough to freeze to outer-space temperatures. When this collapsed, it would have frozen those famous woolly mammoths in their tracks with a catastrophic ice age, and sent oceans sloshing around the earth in waves that could still be rocking the globe.

    • malagabay says:

      Even mainstream science acknowledges that the southern and northern hemispheres had inexplicably different flora and fauna.

      Understanding these north-south differences is no easy task.

      Initially, I assumed fact checking Gloger’s Rule would be a simple, straightforward task.

      That naive assumption was quickly dispelled as the reference materials I consulted plunged me headlong into a quagmire of preference, prejudice, propaganda and political correctness.

      https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/05/14/glogers-rule-1-warm-blooded-animals/

      Western academic narratives and chronologies are extremely suspect.

      The mainstream really is in denial when it claims that “full behavioral modernity” did not exist in Africa during the first 150,000 years of the human races existence.

      The mainstream much prefers [see the migration map above] to claim that humans migrated to Western Europe between 40 and 50,000 years ago and [only then] “began to exhibit full behavioral modernity”.

      https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/05/22/glogers-rule-2-homo-sapiens/

      Human skin colour suggests: the continents migrated – not the people.

      Applying the same reconstruction technique to the map of human skin colour provides a new insight into history because the continents migrated – not the people.

      Dating based upon the estimates for mtDNA mutations are subject to [undoubtedly significant] downward review because most skin colour adaptations occurred before the continents migrated.

      https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/05/25/glogers-rule-3-human-migration/

      Skin colour suggests the Earth was closer to the Sun and may have been “spinning on its side”.

      i) The Earth orbited closer to the Sun [probably near to the current orbit of Venus].
      ii) The Earth was spinning on its side and the southern half of the globe received constant sunshine.
      iii) The separation of the continents probably started 12,000 years ago [based upon mtDNA estimates].

      https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/06/09/turning-the-world-on-its-side/

      My personal perspective is that more observational information needs to be unearthed [and clearly articulated] before we can really start drawing conclusions.

      Like Neal Adams I am interested in accumulating more “facts” [aka observations] before getting too attached to “theories” [aka fiction] given our current lack of knowledge.

      Interpreting observations through the lens of theories [like Newtonian Gravity, Darwinian Evolution and Universal History] is short sighted and puts the cart before the horse.

      Therefore, I try to keep an open mind when it comes to theories [that haven’t been falsified].

  4. Pingback: The Ups and Downs of Sea Level | MalagaBay

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