Atmospheric Science: US Standard Atmosphere 1976

Standard Atmosphere 1976

The strange Atmospheric Science promoted by Wikipedia has been clearly demonstrated by their usage of the US Standard Atmosphere 1962.

Tragically, Wikipedia has ignored the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 masterpiece.

1976 - Front Cover

241 page PDF file of 17MB:
http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19770009539_1977009539.pdf

In the 14 years that elapsed between the 1962 and 1976 versions of the US Standard Atmosphere it can be observed that Atmospheric Science advanced significantly.

The 1976 version of the US Standard Atmosphere incorporated “extensive new rocket data” and “satellite data” which resulted in the old 1962 standard being revised above 32 kilometres.
1976 - Abstract
1976 - Molecular-Scale Temperature
Accordingly, it is safe to assume that the current generation of Wikipedia propagandists would prefer the public to ignore the 1976 version of the US Standard Atmosphere because it contains embarrassing science and [therefore] it is probably best to download [and retain] a copy of the 1976 version before it disappears.

The US Standard Atmosphere 1976 kicks off with a bang by reporting upon the composition of dry air at sea-level.

1976 - Constituents

According to the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 carbon dioxide [CO2] had a “fractional volume” of 0.000314 [314 ppmv] in dry air at sea-level whilst the latest atmospheric CO2 graphic for the Mauna Loa Observatory [Hawaii] shows CO2 at [about] 332 “parts per million” for 1976.

co2_data_mlo
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/mlo.html#mlo

The difference of 18 “parts per million” [332 – 314] suggests that the CO2 record has been adjusted to match the mainstream temperature record where the infamous “global warming” narrative has been manufactured by [generally] lowering temperatures before 1965 and [generally] increasing temperatures after 1964.

Impressive Rate Of Data Tampering
NASA’s Impressive Rate of Data Tampering – Steven Goddard
http://stevengoddard.wordpress.com/2014/07/13/nasas-impressive-rate-of-data-tampering/

However, it should be noted that the Mauna Loa Observatory is a very unrepresentative location because the observatory is perched at an altitude of 3,397 metres on a volcanic island [Hawaii] in an area of the Pacific Ocean where cold, upwelling water [also] outgases carbon dioxide.

Thermohaline_Circulation

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermohaline_circulation

This sad scientific saga underlines the futility of hyperventilating about the 441 ppmv [June 2014] of CO2 in dry air when the real world operates with dirty, wet air [which includes particulate matter, water vapour, liquid water and frozen water] which [according to Wikipedia] contains up to 50,000 ppmv of water vapour [especially as human activity is only associated with about three percent of this CO2].

Three Percent

http://www.biokurs.de/eike/daten/berlin30507/berlin1e.htm
The real history of CO2 gas analysis – Ernst-Georg Beck
http://www.biomind.de/realCO2/realCO2-1.htm

Similarly, it’s futile to hyperventilate about the natural variation in atmospheric methane [CH4] from about 1.5 ppmv in 1953 [see below] to it current level of about 1.79 ppmv.

1976 - Methane

Methane Graph
Top: Global average methane mixing ratios (blue line) determined from the NOAA/GMD cooperative air sampling network (since 1984). The red line represents the long term trend. Bottom: Global average growth rate for methane.
Source: Dr. Ed Dlugokencky, NOAA/ESRL

Assessing methane emissions from global spaceborne observations – Michiel van Weele
http://www.knmi.nl/cms/content/84823/assessing_methane_emissions_from_global_spaceborne_observations

Returning to the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 there is graphic confirmation of how the mix of atmospheric species vary up to 1,000 kilometres and that the trajectory of the total density of the atmosphere is very steep at an altitude of 1,000 kilometres.

1976 - Density by Species

These graphics [again] underline how the mainstream manifestly misleads when it massages and manipulates atmospheric data down into the muted and muffled tones of parts per million and focuses upon the first 100 kilometres of the Earth’s atmosphere.

1976 - Pressure and Density

A wonderful feature of the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 documentation is that the authors are not afraid to show that the real world is non-standard.

1976 - Departures from 1962 Density

1976 - Departures from Standard

1976 - Departures text

1976 - Ozonogram

An added bonus is that the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 documentation provides estimated production rates and residence times for aerosols in the atmosphere.

1976 - Aerosols

However, my personal favourites from the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 are:
i) Confirmation that solar activity influences atmospheric temperatures.
ii) Confirmation that the atmosphere is a dynamic real-time system.

1976 - Solar Activity

Please feel free to linger and enjoy these delights from the US Standard Atmosphere 1976 before returning to the stark, barren wilderness that is Atmospheric Science in 2014.

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5 Responses to Atmospheric Science: US Standard Atmosphere 1976

  1. Pingback: Atmospheric Science: US Standard Atmosphere 1962 | MalagaBay

  2. A C Osborn says:

    Amazing how the Goverment Scientists used to tell the truth.
    Now they will make up any lies to suit the cause.

  3. Pingback: Atmospheric Science: The Lost Level | MalagaBay

  4. Pingback: Atmospheric Science: The Second Level | MalagaBay

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