A Christmas Recipe for Snow

A Christmas Recipe for Snow

Flicking through Mrs Beeton’s Book of Planetary Management I chanced upon a delightful and fun Christmas Recipe for Snow on page 101.

The wonder of this Christmas Recipe for Snow is that Mrs Beeton has simply, but magically, adapted her Recipe for Extraterrestrial Water for the festive season.

Incidentally, for the carnivores in the audience looking for an alternative to the traditional yuletide turkey, Mrs Beeton provides [for the more experienced chefs] a Recipe for Deep Frozen Mammoth on page 1,101 which produces snowmageddon conditions by simply substituting the Six Sizzling Comets with an Insignificant Planetoid.

However, be warned, these recipes from Mrs Beeton produce the best results at high latitudes and high altitudes on cool planets because stratospheric snow has a nasty habit of melting before reaching the ground in warmer climes.

Therefore, the downside of these recipes [for chefs down under] is that they will turn your beautiful Brisbane Beach Barbeque into a dreadful Darwin Deluge Disaster. Be warned!

Additionally, because we live in an age where courts of law can temporarily override the laws of nature, you are advised not to try theses recipes on your home planet unless you have adequate insurance cover, immunity from prosecution and extraordinary survival skills in snowmageddon conditions.

Beyond those few safety caveats have a fun festive fiesta and [with apologies to Joe Bastardi]:
Enjoy the Solar System – It’s the only one we’ve got.

Mrs Beeton’s Book of Planetary Management

Christmas Recipe for Snow

Ingredients
1 Sparkling Star
1 Plump Planet
6 Sizzling Comets

Introduction
This recipe primarily requires preparation and patience – just like making a good plum pudding.

When procuring your Sparkling Star use some asbestos gloves and goggles before carefully checking that it produces Solar Wind, Ionising Radiation and Solar Flares when poked.

These features are usually standard fixtures and fittings on all Sparkling Stars these days but it’s best to check because some manufacturers are skimping during the economic crisis.

Additionally, try to choose a Sparkling Star without any Coronal Holes because a Coronal Mass Ejection can spoil your enjoyment by triggering premature precipitation.

When procuring your Plump Planet give it a little squeeze to ensure it is fresh and outgases sufficient compounds to form an atmosphere.

Again, this is just a precaution that ensures the merchant is not passing off old dead stock as a Plump Planet.

If your Plump Planet is incandescent [or too hot to handle] leave it to cool in a dark room.

Preparation
Select a large empty space in the heavens for your Sparkling Star and simply release it into the firmament.

Carefully place your cool Plump Planet into orbit around your Sparkling Star.

The next step will involve some trial and error because Sparkling Stars come in many sizes.

Slowly adjust the orbital distance of your Plump Planet so that an atmosphere can develop.

If the orbital distance is too small the Sparkling Star will simply burn off the atmosphere.

If the orbital distance is too great the Ionising Radiation will not penetrate the atmosphere.

Now let the Ionising Radiation do its work at breaking down complex molecules into simpler molecules and atoms via photodissociation.

Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons.

It is defined as the interaction of one or more photons with one target molecule.

Photodissociation is not limited to visible light.

Any photon with sufficient energy can affect the chemical bonds of a chemical compound.

Since a photon’s energy is inversely proportional to its wavelength, electromagnetic waves with the energy of visible light or higher, such as ultraviolet light, x-rays and gamma rays are usually involved in such reactions.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photodissociation

The beauty of this mechanism is that once photodissociation has started randomly breaking apart atmospheric molecules the resulting fragments [almost] immediately begin to associate and recombine randomly i.e. it’s a churning chemical soup

Dissociation is the opposite of association and recombination.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recombination_%28chemistry%29

This chaotic churning randomly produces [heavy] solid compounds which simply fall [precipitate] out of the atmosphere.

Precipitation often begins with solid compounds containing iron [such as iron oxide] which rains down on the planetary surface to form large mineral deposits.

The precipitation of solids [out of the atmosphere] then continues with carbon based compounds which frequently form thick black mats on the planetary surface.

The Nitrogen and Oxygen molecules are continually recycled in the atmosphere via photodissociation whilst the lighter compounds of helium and hydrogen escape to form the outer atmosphere and exosphere.

Thus, with time and patience, the atmosphere of your Plump Planet slowly clears to form an oxygen rich environment.

The final stage of preparation is to sit back and let the Ionising Radiation [produced by your Sparkling Star] ionise the oxygen rich atmosphere of your Plump Planet.

The ionisation of the atmosphere adds a heady brew of free electrons [plus positively and negatively charged molecules and atoms] into the churning chemical soup produced by photodissociation.

international-quiet-solar-year-daytime-ionospheric-and-atmospheric-composition

The atmosphere of your Plump Planet is now perfectly prepared for the precipitation of Extraterrestrial Water [in the warm zones] and [more importantly] Christmas Snow in the cold zones.

Method
This is the fun part of the recipe where you [and hopefully a group of friends] begin throwing Sizzling Comets at your Sparkling Star.

The objective is to crash a Sizzling Comet into your Sparkling Star so that it produces a proton storm that will penetrate the lower atmosphere of your Plump Planet.

Comet Crashing into the Sun 11th May 2011 - SOHO

This can be tricky because the Plump Planet may not be in the direct line of fire of the proton storm but, with luck, one of your six Sizzling Comets will be successful.

A solar particle event (SPE), or “proton storm,” occurs when particles (mostly protons) emitted by the Sun become accelerated to very high energies either close to the Sun during a solar flare or in interplanetary space by the shocks associated with coronal mass ejections.

Besides protons, the events can include other nuclei like helium ions and HZE ions.

These high energy protons and ions cause several effects.

They can penetrate the Earth’s magnetic field and cause ionization in the ionosphere.

The effect is similar to auroral events, the difference being that electrons and not protons are involved.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_proton_event

The main action now transfers to the stratosphere of your Plump Planet where the incoming protons recombine with stratospheric free electrons to form atomic hydrogen.

The atomic hydrogen recombines to form other compounds such as molecular hydrogen [H2] and the hydroperoxyl radical [HO2].

In cosmology, recombination refers to the epoch at which charged electrons and protons first became bound to form electrically neutral hydrogen atoms.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recombination_%28cosmology%29

Simultaneously, incoming Ionising Radiation splits stratospheric oxygen molecules into atomic oxygen by photodissociation.

The atomic oxygen recombines to form compounds such as molecular oxygen [O2] and ozone [O3].

Ozone in the Earth’s stratosphere is created by ultraviolet light striking oxygen molecules containing two oxygen atoms (O2), splitting them into individual oxygen atoms (atomic oxygen); the atomic oxygen then combines with unbroken O2 to create ozone, O3.

The ozone molecule is unstable (although, in the stratosphere, long-lived) and when ultraviolet light hits ozone it splits into a molecule of O2 and an atom of atomic oxygen, a continuing process called the ozone-oxygen cycle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozone_layer

Some of the oxygen atoms will recombine with the [freshly formed] hydrogen molecules [H2] to form water [H2O].

This secret recipe for Extraterrestrial Water has been banished to the “star formation” process in all other Books of Planetary Management whilst the photodissociation of water has been banished to the obscurity of the “interstellar medium”.

Much of the universe’s water is produced as a byproduct of star formation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water#In_the_universe

In astrophysics, photodissociation is one of the major processes through which molecules are broken down (but new molecules are being formed).

Because of the vacuum of the interstellar medium, molecules and free radicals can exist for a long time.

Photodissociation is the main path by which molecules are broken down. Photodissociation rates are important in the study of the composition of interstellar clouds in which stars are formed.

Examples of photodissociation in the interstellar medium are (hv is the energy of a single photon of frequency v):

H2O + hv -> H + OH
CH4 + hv -> CH3 + H

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photodissociation

Turning water into snow according to traditional recipes requires the water to be “supercooled” below -35 C before it will form ice crystals in clouds.

Snow crystals form when tiny supercooled cloud droplets (about 10 μm in diameter) freeze.

These droplets are able to remain liquid at temperatures lower than −18 °C (255 K; 0 °F), because to freeze, a few molecules in the droplet need to get together by chance to form an arrangement similar to that in an ice lattice; then the droplet freezes around this “nucleus.”

Experiments show that this “homogeneous” nucleation of cloud droplets only occurs at temperatures lower than −35 °C (238 K; −31 °F).

The traditional recipes also suggest ice crystals won’t form high in the stratosphere because the temperature is only “slightly below the freezing point of water”.

Within this layer, temperature increases as altitude increases; the top of the stratosphere has a temperature of about 270 K (−3°C or 26.6°F), just slightly below the freezing point of water.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stratosphere

However, there is another way to form ice crystals in the stratosphere using Grandma’s “famous” ice recipe where a proton-invasion transforms EZ Water into ice.

Grandmas Recipe

EZ Water was discovered and documented by Dr Gerald Pollack.

From childhood, we have learned that water has three phases: solid, liquid, and vapor.

Here, we have identified what might classify as a fourth phase: the EZ.

Neither a liquid nor a solid, the exclusion zone is perhaps best described as a liquid crystal, whose physical properties are analogous to those of raw egg white.

The term “exclusion zone” may be an unfortunate one.

My Australian friend John Watterson coined the term early on, when the most obvious feature of that zone was its exclusionary character.

That definition stuck.

We had fun quipping that EZ sounded like “easy,” the opposite of hard.

Hard water is full of minerals whereas EZ water excludes those minerals.

So the name seemed apt.

In retrospect, it might have made better sense to call it the “liquid crystalline” phase, or the “semi-liquid” phase, as those descriptors fit more naturally within the phase-oriented rubric.

The Fourth Phase of Water – Dr. Gerald Pollack

Grandma’s “famous” ice recipe was discovered and documented by Dr Gerald Pollack.

EZ to Ice
The transition from water to ice requires an EZ intermediate.

As the water cools, EZs build (panel 1); meanwhile, hydronium ions accumulate just beyond (panel 2).

When the hydronium ion concentration reaches a critical level, protons break free and invade the negative EZ (panel 3).

Those protons link adjacent EZ planes, initiating the structural transition to ice.

As the process continues, the ice grows (panel 4).

This model of proton-invasion resolves an energetic paradox.

Creating crystalline order to form the EZ requires energy input.

Creating crystalline order to form ice generally requires cooling, which implies energy withdrawal.

The proton-invasion mechanism resolves that paradox: the rush of protons into the EZ delivers the potential energy of charge separation, energy that had previously been stored.

In both situations, then, creating order requires energy.

The energetic features of water crystallization remain constant.

The Fourth Phase of Water – Dr. Gerald Pollack

Returning to the stratosphere we find that some of the inbound protons delivered by the Solar Particle Event [a.k.a. proton storm] invade the newly formed water to form ice crystals which combine and grow until they finally fall in a fantastic flourish of fluffy Christmas Snow.

The transition from water to ice is marked by a brief flash of infrared light.
Infrared emission

The cumulative effect of the infrared flashes in the stratosphere [as water freezes] is to increase the air temperatures. This phenomenon is called a Sudden Stratospheric Warming event.

A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is an event where the polar vortex of westerly winds in the winter hemisphere slows down or even reverses direction over the course of a few days.

The change is accompanied by a rise of stratospheric temperature by several tens of kelvins.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudden_stratospheric_warming

Sudden Stratospheric Warming responsible for UK’s icy blast
John Hammond – BBC Weather

A snowy chill has arrived across the UK, with all the fun and chaos which that entails.

Yet the beginnings of this change in the weather can be traced back to strange goings-on, miles above us in the atmosphere, many days ago.

For a few weeks now, forecasters have been monitoring an abrupt jump in temperatures way up in the stratosphere – not a cooling, but actually a sudden warming.

Such sudden stratospheric warmings (SSW) have led to notable cold spells in recent years.

In January 2009, forecasters saw such an event coming down the tracks, and by early February, most of the UK was under a blanket of snow.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/features/20998895

4th February 2009 - Snow in England

http://rapidfire.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/imagery/gallery.cgi

The slowing [and reversal] of the polar vortex during Sudden Stratospheric Warming events suggests that the polar vortex is an electromagnetic phenomenon that reverses direction when the stratosphere becomes positively charged following a “proton storm”.

Sadly, mainstream weather forecasters will continue to flounder and misguide the public until they account for these electromagnetic phenomena when they formulate their prognostications.

A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is an event where the polar vortex of westerly winds in the winter hemisphere slows down or even reverses direction over the course of a few days.

The change is accompanied by a rise of stratospheric temperature by several tens of kelvins.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudden_stratospheric_warming

Weather Models
http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/features/20998895

However, one pioneering astrophysicist, Piers Corbyn of WeatherAction.com, is providing remarkable long range forecasts [including Sudden Stratospheric Warming] based upon his Solar-Lunar-Action-Technique (SLAT).

WeatherAction 97days ahead of the rest

http://weatheraction.com/

FOOTNOTE

Regrettably, Mrs Beeton’s Book of Planetary Management is currently unavailable but the highly recommended The Fourth Phase of Water by Dr. Gerald Pollack is most definitely available at all good book stores.

http://www.ebnerandsons.com/products/the_fourth_phase_of_water

http://www.amazon.com/Fourth-Phase-Water-Beyond-Liquid/dp/0962689548/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1418428860&sr=8-1&keywords=the+fourth+phase+of+water

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Fourth-Phase-Water-Beyond-Liquid/dp/0962689548/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1418428860&sr=8-1&keywords=the+fourth+phase+of+water

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Gallery | This entry was posted in Astrophysics, Atmospheric Science, Books, Geomagnetism, Gerald Pollack, Solar System, Water. Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to A Christmas Recipe for Snow

  1. “However, there is another way to form ice crystals in the stratosphere using Grandma’s “famous” ice recipe where a photon-invasion transforms EZ Water into ice.”

    You mean “proton-invasion” transforms EZ Water into ice

  2. malagabay says:

    Corrected – Thank you.

  3. oldbrew says:

    Miles Mathis has an opinion on the Pollack theory. Need I say more?

    http://milesmathis.com/poll2.pdf

    • malagabay says:

      My guess is that there is a lot more to be said.

      That there are problems with mainstream theories is well demonstrated by Miles Mathis.

      Therefore, I am unsurprised that Miles Mathis finds problems when Gerald Pollack tries to explain his observations within the context of the mainstream framework.

      My personal opinion is that Gerald Pollack’s “proton-invasion” theory is a good first step towards explaining:
      1) The expansion of water when it freezes.
      2) The infrared emissions upon freezing.

      That doesn’t make Gerald Pollack 100% correct…
      Neither does it make Miles Mathis 100% wrong…

      There is still a lot to explain.

      Another problem with Pollack’s linking of EZ water to hexagonal ice is that the angles in hexagonal ice don’t match the angle of the water molecule. The interior angle of a hexagon is of course 120o, while water is supposed to have an angle of 104.5o.
      All hexagonal ice has this problem, which is never explained mechanically by the mainstream. In a previous paper, I have drawn the structure of water as a pentagon at the first level, and I assume the hexagonal nature of ice only shows at a slightly larger scale in the architecture.
      http://milesmathis.com/poll.pdf

      My personal guess is that the whole concept of “Phase Change” is misdirection.

      The properties of Water, Ice, Water Vapour and EZ Water are different and that implies they are structurally [atomically / chemically] different.

      That implies Water, Ice, Water Vapour and EZ Water are four different chemicals.

      That also means that the whole concept of atomic structures [as defined by the periodic table] is misdirection because only the Noble Gases are deemed [to some extent] stable.. everything else is unstable and liable to morph… add “energy” [e.g. “heat”, a photon, a proton, an electron…] to a chemical structure and the chemical may morph into another structure [chemical] or emit the energy or store the energy or do a bit of everything.

      Gerald Pollack’s work indicates water dynamically morphs and the “body” of the water becomes structured.

      This implies that the concepts of “atoms” and “molecules” are far too simplistic and that dynamic “chains” and dynamic “matrices” are probably more appropriate.

      There is still a lot more to be said 🙂

      Especially when it comes to Settled Science.

  4. malagabay says:

    29Dec The 5th Day of Christmas (pm)
    Stratosphere temperatures suddenly getting exciting!
    All who have got WeatherAction’s revolutionary solar-based forecast of Sudden (upper) stratospheric warmings (Jan+Feb) will be very interested in the latest standard projections (below) and how they might compare with WeatherAction’s long range solar-based SSW (+JetStream and snow deluge implications) forecast released 15Dec.

    WSI - ECMWF Operational

    http://weatheraction.com/

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