The Cholesterol Correlation – The Nuclear Fallout Correlation

The Cholesterol Correlation – The Nuclear Fallout Correlation

The correlation between nuclear fallout and the epidemic of male coronary heart disease can be traced back in the United Kingdom to 1942 and the Manhattan Project.

UK Trends in Coronary Heart Disease

Secular and geographical trends in sex differences in coronary heart disease mortality
D A Lawlor, S Ebrahim and G Davey Smith – BMJ – 8 September 2001
http://www.bmj.com/content/323/7312/541

The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.

It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.

From 1942 to 1946, the project was under the direction of Major General Leslie Groves of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer was the scientific director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory that designed the actual bombs.

Among the project’s dozens of sites were: Hanford Site in Washington state, which had the first industrial-scale nuclear reactors; Oak Ridge, Tennessee, which was primarily concerned with uranium enrichment; and Los Alamos, in New Mexico, which was the scientific hub for research on bomb development and design.

Other sites, notably the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory and the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago, played important contributing roles.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_fission#Manhattan_Project_and_beyond

Established in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project in the town of Hanford in south-central Washington, the site was home to the B Reactor, the first full-scale plutonium production reactor in the world.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanford_Site

The mystery was solved when a colleague happened to show me a copy of an AEC publication entitled Meteorology and Atomic Energy.
In the opening chapter, dealing with the history of the atomic energy industry, the report explained that in 1944 the first of a series of giant nuclear reactors had gone into operation in Hanford, Washington, to produce the plutonium for the Trinity bomb.
The reactor was located in the dry eastern edge of the state of Washington, directly upwind from Montana, Idaho, and North Dakota.
Because the operating engineers did not have sufficient experience with these enormous new reactors being built under wartime pressures, large releases of radioactive gases occurred.
As the AEC report described it:

As soon as a charge of fuel came out of the plutonium production reactors, a large source of gaseous effluent was encountered.
For the plutonium produced to be removed from the uranium and other fission products, it was necessary to dissolve the fuel by various chemical reactions.
During the early stages of this process, all the noble-gas fission products, notably radioactive isotopes of xenon and krypton, were released.
It was not feasible to remove them by a filter system; they were released to the atmosphere in rather large quantities.

Still more disturbing was the statement that “large quantities of radioactive iodine were involved.”
Additionally, when the reactor’s fuel elements would occasionally catch fire, krypton and biologically more hazardous fission products such as strontium and cesium were driven off.

Secret Fallout – Low-level Radiation from Hiroshima to Three-Mile Island
Ernest Sternglass – 1981 – McGraw-Hill Book Company

The Manhattan Project produced three atmospheric nuclear detonations in 1945.

Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon, conducted by the United States Army on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project.

The White Sands Proving Ground, where the test was conducted, was in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of Socorro, New Mexico, on the Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_%28nuclear_test%29

Trinity Nuclear Test

In July 1945, the first atomic bomb, dubbed “Trinity”, was detonated in the New Mexico desert. It was fueled by plutonium created at Hanford.

In August 1945, two more atomic bombs – “Little Boy”, a uranium-235 bomb, and “Fat Man”, a plutonium bomb – were used against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_fission#Manhattan_Project_and_beyond

However, when the United States began atmospheric detonations at the Nevada Test Site in 1951 then the prevailing winds blew nuclear fallout across the Atlantic Ocean towards the United Kingdom where the nuclear fallout triggered an epidemic of male coronary heart disease.

Operation Ranger was the fourth American nuclear test series.

It was conducted in 1951 and was the first series to be carried out at the Nevada Test Site.

All the bombs were dropped by B-50D bombers and exploded in the open air over Frenchman Flat (Area 5).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ranger

Operation Buster–Jangle was a series of seven (six atmospheric, one cratering) nuclear weapons tests conducted by the United States in late 1951 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Buster-Jangle

Operation Tumbler–Snapper was a series of atomic tests conducted by the United States in early 1952 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Tumbler-Snapper

Operation Upshot–Knothole was a series of eleven nuclear test shots conducted in 1953 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Upshot-Knothole

Operation Teapot was a series of fourteen nuclear test explosions conducted at the Nevada Test Site in the first half of 1955.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Teapot

Operation Project 56 was a series of 4 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1955-1956 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_56_%28nuclear_test%29

Operation Plumbbob

Operation Plumbbob was a series of nuclear tests conducted between May 28 and October 7, 1957, at the Nevada Test Site, following Project 57, and preceding Project 58/58A. It was the biggest, longest, and most controversial test series in the continental United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Plumbbob

Operation Project 58/58A was a series of 4 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1957-1958 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_58/58A

Operation Hardtack II was a series of 37 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1958 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Hardtack_II

Operation Nougat was a series of 44 nuclear tests conducted (with one exception) at the Nevada Test Site in 1961 and 1962, immediately after the Soviet Union abrogated a testing moratorium, with the US’ Mink test shot taking place the day before the Soviets test-detonated the Tsar Bomba.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Nougat

Operation Sunbeam was a series of four nuclear tests conducted at the United States of America’s Nevada Test Site in 1962.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Sunbeam

Operation Roller Coaster was a series of 4 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1963 at the Nevada Test Site.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Roller_Coaster

UK Nucelar Fallout

Secular and geographical trends in sex differences in coronary heart disease mortality
D A Lawlor, S Ebrahim and G Davey Smith – BMJ – 8 September 2001
http://www.bmj.com/content/323/7312/541

According to the report, it appeared that infant mortality patterns in European countries also fitted the fallout hypothesis.

According to Charlotte A. Douglas, a public-health physician from Edinburgh,
“In Scotland, there had been impressive declines in maternal, fetal, and infant mortality from 1935 until the early 1950s, when the decline in mortality rates became more gradual. Since then there has been only slight improvement.”

Thus there was a close coincidence in the times when this levelling trend began in Scotland and the U.S.

Similarly, in England and Wales, as reported by Dr. Katherine M. Hirst:
“The total infant mortality has declined for years, but it began to level off during the 1950s, as did that of the United States.”

And again, just as in the U.S., there was a large increase in the number of low-birthweight babies.

The same story emerged from the account of Dr. Julie E. Backer for Norway, where the clouds drifting across the North Atlantic would have rained down their fallout most heavily on the coastal mountains rising from the sea.

However, the reports on Denmark and Holland were quite different.

In these countries there had been little or no leveling off in the rate of decline.

A pattern was beginning to emerge.

It was the more northerly countries with the heaviest rainfall that were showing the greatest effects on infant mortality.

Even within England, there was a reduction in infant and fetal death rates going southward.

The high-altitude fallout clouds from the Nevada test site, carried across the Atlantic in a northeasterly direction by the prevailing jet-stream wind currents, would have deposited their radioactivity on the northern parts of Europe with much greater intensity than on the southern parts.

This pattern was confirmed by the lack of any significant halt in the steady decline in infant mortality in France throughout the early period of Nevada testing.

There, the first leveling of the decline did not occur until after the first tests in Algeria in 1960 and the large hydrogen bomb test series in the Pacific in 1961-62.
These tests resulted in substantial fallout in France.

And the same situation existed in Canada, which had been largely untouched by the fresh fallout from Nevada as it was blown northeastward across the U.S. and on to northern Europe.

Secret Fallout – Low-level Radiation from Hiroshima to Three-Mile Island
Ernest Sternglass – 1981 – McGraw-Hill Book Company

Radioactivity measurements applied to the dating and authentication of old wines

Lung Cancer Death Rates in Sweden

Cancer Trends During the 20th Century
Örjan Hallberg and Olle Johansson
Journal of Australian College of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine
Vol. 21 No. 1; April 2002: pages 3-8
http://www.iddd.de/umtsno/cancertrends.pdf

The impact of the first wave of nuclear fallout from the Nevada Test Site in 1951 is clearly visible in the male Age-standardised ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality 1950–2000 statistics from the Office for National Statistics

Twentieth Century Mortality Trends in England and Wales - ONS

Twentieth Century Mortality Trends in England and Wales
Office for National Statistics – Health Statistics Quarterly – Summer 2003
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/hsq/health-statistics-quarterly/no–18–summer-2003/twentieth-century-mortality-trends-in-england-and-wales.pdf

The Office for National Statistics publication also includes an almost perfect parabolic curve for aged-standardised male lung cancer triggered by nuclear fallout following the commencement of the Manhattan Project in 1942.

The [roughly] 30 year downward trajectory of the UK male lung cancer curve suggests an association with Caesium-137 and/or Strontium-90.

UK Decay Curve

Caesium-137, cesium-137, or radiocaesium, is a radioactive isotope of caesium which is formed as one of the more common fission products by the nuclear fission of uranium-235 and other fissionable isotopes in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons.

Caesium-137 has a half-life of about 30.17 years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesium-137#Decay

Strontium-90 (90Sr) is a radioactive isotope of strontium produced by nuclear fission, with a half-life of 28.8 years.

90Sr is a product of nuclear fission. It is present in significant amount in spent nuclear fuel and in radioactive waste from nuclear reactors and in nuclear fallout from nuclear tests.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strontium_90

Estimated number of atmospheric nuclear explosions NH

UK Coronary Heart Disease

And the Caesium-137 evidence from the United States is compelling…

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3 Responses to The Cholesterol Correlation – The Nuclear Fallout Correlation

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