Repulsive Bodies

Repulsive Bodies

It has long been know that wells experience tides.

At Gades [Cadiz, Spain], which is very near the temple of Hercules, there is a spring enclosed like a well, which sometimes rises and falls with the ocean, and, at other times, in both respects contrary to it.

In the same place there is another well, which always agrees with the ocean.

On the shores of the Bætis [Guadalquivir River, Spain], there is a town where the wells become lower when the tide rises, and fill again when it ebbs; while at other times they remain stationary.

The same thing occurs in one well in the town of Hispalis [Seville, Spain], while there is nothing peculiar in the other wells.

Chapter 100 – Where the Tides Rise and Fall in an Unusual Manner
The Natural History – Pliny the Elder – J. Bostock and H.T. Riley – 1855
http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0137%3Abook%3D2%3Achapter%3D100

Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 – AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.

The Naturalis Historia is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman Empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny.
He claims to be the only Roman ever to have undertaken such a work.
It encompasses the fields of botany, zoology, astronomy, geology and mineralogy as well as the exploitation of those resources.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pliny_the_Elder

By the beginning of the 20th century it was recognised that tides could occur in coastal wells if:
a) The well was hydrostatically connected to an adjacent body of tidal water i.e. ocean, sea or river.
b) The stratum supplying the well was plastically deformed by an adjacent body of tidal water.

Well and tide curves at Huntington Harbor
Fluctuations of the Water Level in Wells, with special reference to Long Island, New York
Water-Supply and Irrigation Paper No. 155 – A C Veatch – 1906
Department of the Interior – United States Geological Survey
http://pubs.usgs.gov/wsp/0155/report.pdf

It was also recognised that the water level in wells could be influenced by a whole range of factors.

The vertical fluctuations of the ground-water table or the changes in the level of the water in wells may be grouped as follows:

A. Fluctuations due to natural causes.

I. Rainfall and evaporation.
1. Fluctuations not depending on single showers,
a. Regular annual fluctuations,
b. Irregular secular changes.
2. Fluctuations produced by single showers.
a. By transmission of pressure without any actual addition to the ground water,
b. By the actual addition of rain to the ground water.

II. Barometric changes.

III. Thermometric changes.
1. Fluctuation directly related to temperature.
2. Fluctuation inversely related to temperature.
a. At the surface of the ground-water table, directly through temperature changes,
b. In deeper zones, by pressure changes produced by fluctuations of the preceding class.

IV. Fluctuations produced by adjacent bodies of surface water: Rivers, lakes, the ocean.
1. By changes in rate of ground-water discharge.
2. By seepage.
3. By plastic deformation due to varying loads.

V. Fluctuations due to geologic changes.

B. Fluctuations due to human agencies.

1. Settlement, deforestation, cultivation, drainage.
2. Irrigation.
3. Dams.
4. Underground water-supply developments.
5. Unequal loading.

Fluctuations of the Water Level in Wells, with special reference to Long Island, New York
Water-Supply and Irrigation Paper No. 155 – A C Veatch – 1906
Department of the Interior – United States Geological Survey
http://pubs.usgs.gov/wsp/0155/report.pdf

Barometric Pressure

1892 Diurnal Temperature Oscillations

Annual Report of the Agricultural Experiment Station 1883 – University of Wisconsin
https://archive.org/details/annualreportagr10statgoog

However, there were still a number of fluctuations that were caused by “indeterminate causes”.

Small Fluctuations
The extreme susceptibility of the water level in wells to pressure changes would lead one to expect many minute fluctuations; and, indeed, all the well curves show a great number of such fluctuations superposed on the larger fluctuations produced by the dominant element at that point.
Many are clearly compound waves of very complex character and represent the resultant of many forces.
They emphasize the continued state of unrest of the earth’s surface.
These fluctuations can be properly studied only with instruments having both a large vertical and time scale, and their elucidation would necessitate corresponding meteorologic instruments of great delicacy.

On the day gages at Hewlett there is a distinct series of minor fluctuations with a well-defined period of about twenty minutes.
These greatly resemble the minor oscillations in the tidal curves at many points.

The secondary oscillations in the tide curve at Swansea, England, have a time interval of fifteen to twenty minutes; at Malta, twenty-one minutes; and at Sydney, twenty-six minutes; while Denison has observed on Lake Huron oscillations with periods of fourteen, eighteen, twenty-two, and forty-five minutes.
As no such secondary tidal oscillations have been observed near Long Island, and as the Hewlett well is at such a distance from the coast that it is not affected by tides 4 feet high, these oscillations are clearly not of transmitted ocean origin.
Denison’s observations led him to the conclusion that many of the secondary oscillations are due to barometric fluctuations, and the occurrence of these fluctuations in wells must be regarded as strong confirmatory evidence of his conclusion.

Besides these fluctuations with a period of twenty minutes, there are several other minor vibrations with smaller amplitudes and periods; one series seems to have a period of five or six minutes, but is not very sharply defined.
In the wells at Lynbrook minor fluctuations with periods of forty and eighty minutes have been clearly recognized in a mass of still smaller fluctuations.

Fluctuations at Millburn, N. Y.
Extremely irregular fluctuations with a range of as much as 1 inch were obtained from a well at Millburn, N. Y.
These are quite different from any of the other curves obtained and no cause can be assigned for these irregularities. Not the least strange part of the curve is that its general character changes sharply on July 29.

Fluctuations at Urisino Station, New South Wales.
The fluctuations reported by Professor David at Urisino Station, between Wanaaring and Milparinka, in the northwest corner of New South Wales, 200 miles from the ocean, are unique.
Two subartesian wells, one 1,680 and the other 2,000 feet deep, in which the water rises to within 15 or 20 feet of the surface, show regular rhythmical pulsations with a range of 4 to 5 feet every two hours.
That is, there are here six almost equal “tides” of large size every twenty-four hours.
Prof. Charles S. Slichter has suggested the very probable explanation that the fluctuations are due to a sort of periodic geyser phenomena.
This is quite competent to produce the fluctuations observed and the high temperature of the water in. this basin lends considerable color to the suggestion.

Fluctuations of the Water Level in Wells, with special reference to Long Island, New York
Water-Supply and Irrigation Paper No. 155 – A C Veatch – 1906
Department of the Interior – United States Geological Survey
http://pubs.usgs.gov/wsp/0155/report.pdf

Perhaps the most controversial of these “indeterminate causes” is “the sun and moon”.

I find in the Report of the Transactions of the British Association for 1883, p. 405, the following, under the subject – “On the Attractive Influence of the Sun and Moon Causing: Tides, and the Variations in Atmospheric Pressure and Rainfall Causing Oscillations in the Underground-Water in Porous Strata.” By Isaac Roberts, F. G. S.:

The investigations have been made at Maghull, which is an agricultural district about eight miles to the northeast of Liverpool [and about 5 miles from the coast], and relate to movements in the underground water of the Triassic rocks, which lie beneath the surface of the ground.

The water in these rocks is by capillarity made to form an inclined plane toward the sea, which, at the point referred to, has its surface sixty feet above mean sea level.

The water plane was shown to be in a state exceedingly sensitive to the following influences, namely, atmospheric pressure, lunar attraction, and solar attraction.

In order to determine the relative extent of these and other disturbing influences upon the water plane, an artesian well was sunk in the Triassic rocks to a point below mean sea level and the rise and fall of a column of water sixty feet in height, freed from the friction in the rocks, was used as the means of registering these disturbances in the water plane, by using a mechanical combination of a float and drum, caused to revolve by clockwork, to trace a curve upon the diagram paper.

The curves show the extent, from moment to moment, of the atmospheric variations, and also the effects of the attraction of the sun and moon upon the water plane in producing oscillations in the first case and true semi diurnal lunar and solar tides in the latter case.

The effects of rainfall were also shown on the diagram.

It was also shown that there were periods when all of the forces which have been named were in equilibrium, the water plane remaining in a state of perfect quiescence during those periods.

The statement to which attention is here called especially, is the one ascribing certain fluctuations in the level of the water in this well to both solar and lunar tidal disturbances.

I have not, as yet, teen able to learn whether the paper to which the above report refers has been published or not, and do not, therefore, knew the character of the evidence upon which these statements are founded.

There is certainly no unequivocal evidence presented by any of the curves obtained in the investigation here which would lend support to the view that a lunar tidal effect has been exerted large enough to be recorded by the instruments used.

The apparently entire absence of any progressive change in the time of day at which the maxima and minima occur is the strongest evidence which can be presented against the view that a lunar influence is here recorded.

There is, of course, nothing in the time relation which would disprove a solar tide; but if a solar tide is admitted to be recorded, there then appears no reason why, at times at least, a larger one should not also be recorded, having the proper time relations for the moon.

Some of the wells at Madison, included in this study, are deeper than the one used by Mr. Roberts and extend below the level of Lake Mendota in the Potsdam sandstone.

The still deeper wells at Whitewater also find their water in a porous sandstone, so that the only condition apparent, which is fundamentally different in the well of England, is the close proximity of an oceanic body of water which is, itself, subject to tidal fluctuations.

This being true, one is led to suspect that in case the wells in question do exhibit both
solar and lunar tidal oscillations they, in some manner, may be a reflex of the oceanic tides.

Annual Report of the Agricultural Experiment Station 1883 – University of Wisconsin
https://archive.org/details/annualreportagr10statgoog

In 1940 Walter Lambert [Senior Mathematician – Coast and Geodetic Survey] reported upon the “tide-producing forces” associated with four wells that were “remote from the coast”.

However, there are wells remote from the coast that show tidal effects, and since the pressure of the load of tidal water must be unimportant at such places, we are driven to the conclusion that we are dealing with the direct effects of the tide-producing forces.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

The observations from a flooded lignite mine in the Czech Republic suggested a “lunar effect” and that “low water” occurs “at about the time of the moon’s transit” [see Tarka Bridge below].

Dux (Duchov), Bohemia
In 1879 a whole connected series of lignite mines near Dux (Duchov) in Bohemia was inundated. It was observed that the water did not rise regularly in the main shaft.
In fact, a lunar effect was suggested.

Duchov is about 300 miles from the Mediterranean and its arm, the Adriatic, also about the same distance from the North Sea. The tides in all these seas are inconsiderable.
Moreover, Duchov is so far above sea level that any hydrostatic connection with the ocean is unthinkable.

It was noted that the barometer affected the level of the water in the flooded mine.
In general the higher the barometer the lower the water.
The actual level was influenced by many things; the inflow of underground spring water into the flooded mine, rain, and change in level due to the change in the area flooded.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

Duchcov

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchcov

The observations from boreholes in South Africa indicated that “low water” occurs “at about the time of the moon’s transit”.

Tarka Bridge, Cradock District, South Africa
The work at Tarka Bridge was done mainly for irrigation purposes.
The discovery that the water level in some of the boreholes shows a tide was incidental but when the discovery had been made the problems were deemed worthy of scientific investigation.
The following account is made up mostly of verbatim quotations from Young’s account; omissions are not indicated.

“The most striking general feature of the curves obtained is their wonderful regularity. Each day’s record shows two maxima and two minima, and these turning points occur at very regular and approximately equal intervals, as estimated by general inspection.”

“The amplitudes (ranges) of the great 12.5 hour period waves were obviously subject to (ranges) attained a maximum of about 1.5 inches on June 17, which happened to be the date of the full moon, and attained a minimum of less than 0.75 inch when the moon reached its first quarter. Another minimum was attained about May 26 when the moon reached its last quarter.”

The curves in Mr. Young’s article are on such a small time-scale that numerical evaluation is difficult, but it is evident that low water and not high water occurs at about the time of the moon’s transit, as was the case at Duchov.
The low appears to lag a little behind the transit.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

Cradock

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cradock,_Eastern_Cape

The observations from a well in Carlsbad, New Mexico indicated that the fluctuations reached “a minimum at the times of the transit of the moon”.

Carlsbad, New Mexico and Iowa City, Iowa
The details about the Carlsbad well are from a manuscript report by C. V. Theis, Geologist in Charge of Ground Water Investigation in New Mexico.
The well is in latitude 32° 18’ N., longitude 104 ° 00’ W.
Its altitude is 2,955 feet and its distance from the sea about 500 miles.
The water-stage recorder is apparently accurate to 0.01 inch; the time scale is 20 hours =1 inch. The mercury barometer is read hourly, day and night, at the refinery of the United States Potash Co., 1.75 miles away.

The well is an artesian well 265 feet deep, tapping a water-bearing stratum of gypsum.
The water is of density 1.20 because of the dissolved sodium chloride.
No water is drawn from the stratum and the nearest natural outlet seems to be 5 miles away.
The water level responds to barometric fluctuations, falling with barometric pressure without appreciable lag.
The fluctuations amount to about 70 percent of those of a theoretical barometer using instead of mercury a fluid having density of 1.20.

The residual curve (after correction for barometer) reaches a minimum at the times of the transit of the moon and the fluctuations are most pronounced at times of new and full moon. At the quadratures the fluctuations are barely recognizable, being close to the limit of instrumental error.
The maximum tidal fluctuation was apparently 0.06 or 0.07 foot.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

Carlsbad - New Mexico

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlsbad,_New_Mexico

The observations from a well in Iowa City, Iowa, also indicated that “low water occurs at about the time of the moon’s transit”.

The Iowa City well in Iowa is located in about latitude 41° 30’ N., longitude 91° 34’ W.
Iowa City is even farther from the Ocean than Carlsbad, N. Mex.

The well there is drilled in limestone to a depth of 755 feet and the water is fresh instead of briny.

The effect of the barometer was of the same general nature as at Carlsbad, the effect being 75 percent of that of a barometer composed of water (density 1.00).

The tidal fluctuations were about twice those observed at Carlsbad and, as at Duchov, Tarka Bridge, and Carlsbad, low water occurs at about the time of the moon’s transit.

The solar inequality in amplitude was recognized.
Nothing is said about the diurnal inequality.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

Iowa City - Iowa

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iowa_City,_Iowa

These observations encouraged Walter Lambert to articulate a theory of Earth Tides.

The most probable explanation of tides in wells seems to be that they are due to a tidal decrease in the volume of the reservoir of underground water.

This decrease forces the water into the mineshaft, well, or borehole, thus concentrating the entire apparent effect of the compression there.

This serves to magnify the tidal effect.

Compression corresponds to high water.

Low water corresponds to an increase in the volume of the reservoir.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

However, Walter Lambert had a major problem because the observational data contradicted the theory because the “tides are inverted with respect to the forces”.

Why low water should take place at about the time of the moon’s transit remains to be explained.

The tides are inverted with respect to the forces, low water occurring when the moon crosses the meridian, except for a small and uncertain negative lag.

This value of the ratio tends to prove, if any proof be needed, that these tides in wells are not primarily due to pressure effects of the tides in distant oceans.

Why the ratio S2/M2 for tides in wells should exceed this theoretical amount is not clear.

If tides in wells are like other earth tides the ratios of the amplitudes of these components to one another and to the amplitude of M2 would be approximately the same as the ratios of the corresponding tidal forces; moreover the phase-lags should be nearly zero.

These conditions are almost never all fulfilled in the ocean tides.

Walter D. Lambert – Senior Mathematician
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

Clearly, Walter Lambert had abandoned his previously stated conclusion that he was dealing with “the direct effects of the tide-producing forces

In an appendix to this Coast and Geodetic Survey report a geologist comments upon the “remarkable” observational data which indicates “the lowest level of the water occurs at the time of the sun’s and moon’s transit.”

In his report on earth tides read at the 1939 Congress of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Mr. Lambert described four cases of observed tides in wells which are situated far enough inland to be unaffected by the tidal load of the coastal waters.

Mr. Lambert suggests that these tides are the direct effect of the tide-producing forces and are a manifestation of earth tides.

Evidence for this conclusion he sees in some of the features which are suggested by the available observations, namely the relatively large ratio of the solar semidiurnal to the lunar semidiurnal components, the marked diurnal inequality, etc.

In all the wells one finds the remarkable phenomenon that for the semidiurnal tides the lowest level of the water occurs at the time of the sun’s and moon’s transit.

C. L. Pekeris, Department of Geology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Report on Earth Tides – Special Publication No. 223 – 1940
U. S. Department of Commerce – Coast and Geodetic Survey
http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/rescue/cgs_specpubs/QB275U35no2231940.pdf

The Earth Scientists are still suffering from a severe case of cognitive dissonance because they cannot accept the observational data falsifies their Earth Tides theory.

Instead, the Earth Scientists have agreed amongst themselves that the oceans and the Earth respond differently when the same “gravitational” force is applied.

Earth tide or body tide is the displacement of the solid Earth’s surface caused by the gravity of the Moon and Sun.

Its main component has meter-level amplitude at periods of about 12 hours and longer.

The largest body tide constituents are semi-diurnal, but there are also significant diurnal, semi-annual, and fortnightly contributions.

Though the gravitational forcing causing earth tides and ocean tides is the same, the responses are quite different.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_tide

In psychology, cognitive dissonance is the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individual who holds two or more contradictory beliefs, ideas, or values at the same time, or is confronted by new information that conflicts with existing beliefs, ideas, or values.

Leon Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance focuses on how humans strive for internal consistency.
When inconsistency (dissonance) is experienced, individuals tend to become psychologically uncomfortable and they are motivated to attempt to reduce this dissonance, as well as actively avoiding situations and information which are likely to increase it.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_dissonance

However, the Earth Tides and Ocean Tides theories that the Earth Scientists so desperately cling to are [both] falsified by the observational data which demonstrates that [both] the Sun and the Moon repulse water.

Tidal Fiction

https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/08/10/tidal-fiction/

Repulsive Forces

Repelling Water

Unsurprisingly, the Newtonian mainstream considers the observation data to be repellent and simply retreats into a fictional universe of mathematical abstraction and mental gymnastics.

Thankfully, Hugh Auchincloss Brown wasn’t repelled by the observational data.

Static Repulsion causes the tides of the oceans to be low under and opposite the moon.

When the tide tables given in the publications of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey are compared with moon tables for same day and hour, they show low water under and opposite the moon at various ports open to the ocean and not in estuaries.

Science writers generally adhere to the postulate, but now believed to be erroneous, that every particle of matter in the universe attracts every other particle of matter to itself.

Obviously, such mutual attraction of celestial masses for each other would cause the universe to collapse.

Astronomers studying the motions of stars and galaxies tell us that the universe is expanding and is not contracting.

Static electrical repulsion

Obviously, an expanding universe and the mutual attraction of masses within it cannot co-exist.

An expanding universe and low water under and opposite the moon both indicate that electro static repulsion is the motivating force.

Ocean water levels vary with the electro static repulsions of moon and sun (we here leave out wind and storm pressures).

The moon’s pressure, which is about 2.5 times greater than that of the sun, may be aptly called its aura.

Both cover about half of the surface of the earth at any one time.

Since water is practically incompressible, the electro static pressures are immediately and uniformly distributed.

The greatest depression of the surface waters of the oceans occurs directly under and opposite the moon, and the least effects of moon pressures are found to occur at the edges of its aura, causing the phenomena of low water under the moon and high water about six hours later.

High tides rise higher when barometric pressures are low, a fact which confirms pressures as controlling tide ranges.

At the latitude of New York City the diurnal tidal trough, under the moon, moves with the speed of the rotation of the earth, at approximately 600 miles per hour.

Travelling at that speed the tidal trough arrives at the same place the next day.

The moon remains overhead, but travels faster than the surface of the earth, so it takes approximately 52 minutes each day for the earth to catch up to its former position under the moon, varying from 13 to 80 minutes.

About six hours later the tidal protuberance, following the trough, arrives at the same location.

Sandy Hook is on the west shore of the Atlantic Ocean, and its tidal changes are not affected by their having to pass through estuaries.

Tide charts and moon charts show low water under and opposite the moon at Sandy Hook.

This is one example, easy to check for accuracy, that confirms the fact that static repulsion, and not attraction of masses, is the cause of the fall and rise of the ocean tides.

At Sandy Hook, N.J., where the Atlantic Ocean joins New York Bay, a secondary or estuary tide takes over.

At the times of flood tides it reaches the Battery at New York in 35 minutes at a speed of 30 miles per hour (for tide level, not current flow).

The tide wave then continues up the Hudson River to Poughkeepsie, at a speed of about 16 miles per hour (See “Time of Tides on Atlantic Coast,” World Almanac).

The rates of current flow of tidal waters in the vicinity of New York City varies from zero to about four miles per hour.

All celestial bodies are here postulated to be charged with “like” electricity.

Because like repels like, the universe is expanding, and is not contracting from the assumed attraction of masses.

Electro static repulsion is what holds the earth securely in its place in the universe.

A rubber ball, rolled under the flat palm of the hand, offers an analogy for action and reaction.

The moon and sun furnish action on one side of the globe and the stars of the celestial heavens, above the opposite hemisphere, furnish the reaction.

The repulsions of moon and sun are a small part of the total forces of celestial repulsion, as otherwise the tide ranges would be greater.

Electro static repulsion has been demonstrated as a true law of nature, while attraction of masses has failed to meet the acid test of duplicate measurements.

Earth tides in water wells have been extensively researched and show low water in wells at the time of the moon’s transit, indicating that the whole earth is affected by the moon’s aura.

From a preliminary study of the time of tides at ports on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, compared with the moon’s transit, the theory of static repulsion on the ocean waters is confirmed and the theory of “moon pull” is confounded.

Research indicates that few tidal anomalies should remain when careful studies are made of the speeds of estuary tidal waves, and the effects on the tidal waves of depths, contours, and coastal shelves of the estuaries.

The closer the moon and the sun get to the earth, the greater the tidal disturbances.

The lowest and highest monthly tides occur when perigee (the time when the moon is nearest to the earth) and new and full moon (the time when the moon and the sun are on the same or opposite sides of the earth) occur together, and become still lower and higher when the earth is nearest the sun (perihelion), as it is in January.

It is evident that the ocean waters are not being pulled up as the earth rotates under the moon; if they were being pulled up into a protuberance, then surface currents would disclose the flow of water.

On the contrary, when the ocean waters are compressed, by repulsion from the moon, then subsurface currents, difficult to detect, are created and promote west to east surface currents as the tide trough moves westward.

H. U. Sverdrup, in his classic work The Oceans (page 551), states that “The obvious criticism that can be directed at this theory [of lunar attraction] is that a movement of a flood protuberance over the surface of the earth cannot take place unless water masses actually change positions; but consideration of the movement of the water has been completely disregarded” [by a list of authors in a voluminous bibliography].

Cataclysms Of The Earth – Hugh Auchincloss Brown – 1967 – Twayne Publishers
http://www.habtheory.com/3/thebook.htm

The obvious criticism that can be directed at this theory is that the movement of a flood protuberance over the surface of the earth cannot take place unless water masses actually change position, but consideration of the movement of the water has been completely disregarded.

Other objections to the theory need not be discussed here.

The Oceans Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology
H. U. Sverdrup, Martin W. Johnson, Richard H. Fleming
Prentice-Hall, Inc. – New York – 1942
http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=kt167nb66r&chunk.id=ch14&toc.depth=1&toc.id=ch14&brand=eschol

Hugh Auchincloss Brown (23 December 1879 – 19 November 1975) was an electrical engineer best known for advancing a theory of catastrophic pole shift.

Brown claimed that massive accumulation of ice at the poles caused recurring tipping of the axis in cycles of approximately 4000–7500 years.

Brown argued that because the earth wobbles on the axis and the crust slides on the mantle, a shift was demonstrably imminent, and suggested the use of nuclear explosions to break up the ice to forestall catastrophe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugh_Auchincloss_Brown

Hugh Auchincloss Brown

In a world crowded with crackpot ideas and theories; you might be tempted to stop reading the first time Brown’s statements conflict with your current understanding of Physics, Geology, Paleontology, or other physical sciences. Please don’t stop there, try to finish reading it, even if you have to skim. Say you don’t accept half of the ideas Brown presents, that leaves a big batch of serious questions that may continue to tantalize you.

Hugh Auchincloss Brown had a long and distinguished career as an engineer, inventor and businessman. He spent most of his life searching for scientific evidence that would prove this theory wrong. Everything he found reinforced it.

His writing style is from another time, and probably wasn’t all that good even then. He tends to write his opinions as statements of fact, rather than the more correct form of stating his conclusions as opinions. Perhaps you can forgive an old man those transgressions of writing style, by remembering that he did believe that everything he wrote was fact.

Hugh Auchincloss Brown was 91 when this book was published.

http://www.habtheory.com/3/index.php

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Gallery | This entry was posted in Astrophysics, Books, Catastrophism, Earth, Gravity, Magnetism, Moon, Science, Solar System, Tides, Water. Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to Repulsive Bodies

  1. gymnosperm says:

    Great post. we need to constantly remind ourselves of the great work of our forebears which has been forgotten or ignored, and to refresh our sense of how often this remembrance blows our minds.

  2. oldbrew says:

    Miles Mathis says: ‘No tidal theory has ever been successful at deriving the tides we see, and current tidal theory exists only by subterfuge. Once I point out all the fudges, it crumbles into an ugly pile of very dishonest math. ‘

    http://milesmathis.com/tide2.html

    He’s moved on to a ‘tide6’ paper (at least) now, plus the ones in between of course.

  3. tallbloke says:

    Fascinating Tim. Your research challenges our conventional thinking as always.

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