Once upon a time in Christ Church, Oxford, Charles Dodgson wrote about slithy toves.
‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.
Jabberwocky is a nonsense poem written by Lewis Carroll and included in his 1871 novel Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There, a sequel to Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
The book tells of Alice’s adventures within the back-to-front world of a looking glass.
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer.
His most famous writings are Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which includes the poem Jabberwocky, and the poem The Hunting of the Snark, all examples of the genre of literary nonsense.
He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy.
A glossary of terms provides some clues as to who these slithy toves are.
Brillig means four o’clock in the afternoon
Slithy means lithe and slimy.
Tove are something like badgers, they’re something like lizards, and they’re something like corkscrews.
They make their nests under sun-dials and live on cheese.
Gyre means to go round and round like a gyroscope.
Gyre is entered in the OED from 1420, meaning a circular or spiral motion or form; especially a giant circular oceanic surface current.
Gimble is the setting for spinning objects such as gyroscopes.
Wabe means the grass plot around a sundial called a ‘wa-be’ because it “goes a long way before it, and a long way behind it”.
Mimsy is flimsy and miserable.
Borogove is a thin shabby-looking bird with its feathers sticking out all round, something like a live mop.”
In explanatory book notes Carroll describes it further as “an extinct kind of Parrot.
They had no wings, beaks turned up, made their nests under sun-dials and lived on veal.”
Mome is short for ‘from home’, meaning that they’d lost their way.
Rath is a species of land turtle.
Outgrabe is something between bellowing and whistling, with a kind of sneeze in the middle.
Therefore, the slithy toves are slimy, miserable, grey haired, nocturnal [like badgers], gather around sundials and live off cheese [from the Moon].
“The Moon is made of green cheese” is a statement referring to a fanciful belief that the Moon is composed of cheese.
In its original formulation as a proverb and metaphor for credulity with roots in fable, this refers to the perception of a simpleton who sees a reflection of the Moon in water and mistakes it for a round cheese wheel.
These slithy toves are associated with shabby, extinct [dodo like] birds [flights of fancy] that gather around sundials [with the slithy toves] and are whistling [in the dark of a winter evening] because they have completely lost their way.
Relating to the extinct and perpetually bungling Dodo bird.
Used to describe someone without common sense and who always has the pathetic confused look on their face when a question is asked.
In other words, the mathematician and logician Charles Dodgson is informing his readers that the miserable, slimy astronomers have shabby arcane theories that are whistling and whining in the dark because they are based upon a gimble that gyres whilst resting upon turtles.
Which means the Jabberwock is [by the end of the poem] the headless [and therefore mindless] arcane academic anachronism called Astronomy which is all noise and no substance because it’s the spawn of mathematical alchemy [i.e. Newtonian Gravity].
Jabberwock: When a class in the Girls’ Latin School in Boston asked Carroll’s permission to name their school magazine The Jabberwock, he replied: “The Anglo-Saxon word ‘wocer’ or ‘wocor’ signifies ‘offspring’ or ‘fruit’.
Taking ‘jabber’ in its ordinary acceptation of ‘excited and voluble discussion’, this would give the meaning of ‘the result of much excited and voluble discussion’…”
Unfortunately, successive generations of mathematicians have abandoned the scientific method and have only succeeded in turning Kepler’s Gold Standard into Fool’s Gold.
Understanding how this mathematical alchemy is performed requires a basic understanding of a very simple technique [used in solving equations] that allows the mathematician to “add, subtract, multiply, or divide both sides of the equation by the same number”.
The gimble problem Charles Dodgson alludes to is [primarily] the static mindset that is insidiously instilled into the observer by the gloriously misleading Globe that spins in a [single] static gimble [aka gimbal].
A gimbal is a pivoted support that allows the rotation of an object about a single axis.
This static mindset is best overcome by mounting [or imagining] a Globe in a set of three gimbals.
A set of three gimbals, one mounted on the other with orthogonal pivot axes, may be used to allow an object mounted on the innermost gimbal to remain independent of the rotation of its support (e.g. vertical in the first animation).
Mechanical gyroscopes typically comprise a spinning wheel or disc in which the axle is free to assume any orientation.
The outer gimbal or ring, which is the gyroscope frame, is mounted so as to pivot about an axis in its own plane determined by the support.
This outer gimbal possesses one degree of rotational freedom and its axis possesses none.
The next inner gimbal is mounted in the gyroscope frame (outer gimbal) so as to pivot about an axis in its own plane that is always perpendicular to the pivotal axis of the gyroscope frame (outer gimbal).
This inner gimbal has two degrees of rotational freedom.
The axle of the spinning wheel defines the spin axis.
The rotor is journaled to spin about an axis, which is always perpendicular to the axis of the inner gimbal.
So the rotor possesses three degrees of rotational freedom and its axis possesses two
Additionally, it is important to remember that the Earth [like any other rigid body in three-dimensional space] has six degrees of freedom and that Astronomers [and Astrophysicists et al] must explain all the forces that drive [or restrict] movement for all of these six degrees of freedom if they claim to have a comprehensive and coherent theory.
Six degrees of freedom (6DoF) refers to the freedom of movement of a rigid body in three-dimensional space.
Specifically, the body is free to move forward/backward, up/down, left/right (translation in three perpendicular axes) combined with rotation about three perpendicular axes, often termed pitch, yaw, and roll.
Currently, the mainstream likes to define and limit these six degrees of freedom to:
a) A [roughly] 2.5° Axial Tilt cycle over [about] 41,040 years.
b) A [roughly] circular [aka gyre] Axial Precession cycle over [about] 26,000 years.
For the past 5 million years, Earth’s obliquity has varied between 22° 02′ 33″ and 24° 30′ 16″, with a mean period of 41,040 years.
This cycle is a combination of precession and the largest term in the motion of the ecliptic.
For the next 1 million years, the cycle will carry the obliquity between 22° 13′ 44″ and 24° 20′ 50″.
Axial precession is the movement of the rotational axis of an astronomical body, whereby the axis slowly traces out a cone.
Earth goes through one such complete precessional cycle in a period of approximately 26,000 years or 1° every 72 years, during which the positions of stars will slowly change in both equatorial coordinates and ecliptic longitude.
Unsurprisingly, neither of these mainstream theories reflect reality.
The Eccentric Astronomers, in an act of humongous Newtonian hubris, have invented a Mainstream Million Year Master Plan that dictates [in the first instance] that the Earth’s Axial Tilt will stop decreasing in about 3,255 years before it embarks upon a return trip to about 24°.
The data for the last 115 years clearly indicates the Earth has been wilfully disregarding the Mainstream Million Year Master Plan and suggests the Earth’s Axial Tilt will start reversing direction around the middle of this century.
Axial Tilt – Game Over
The precession rate is not a constant, but is (at the moment) slowly increasing over time, as indicated by the linear (and higher order) terms in T.
Precession exhibits a secular decrease due to tidal dissipation from 59″/a to 45″/a (a = annum = Julian year) during the 500 million year period centered on the present.
Finally, Charles Dodgson’s reference to turtles invokes the age old question of what exactly does keep the Earth propped up [and in position] because the mainstream analogies [of globe, gyroscope and spinning top] are only valid when they are resting upon a supporting surface.
Axial precession is similar to the precession of a spinning top.
In both cases, the applied force is due to gravity.
For a spinning top, this force tends to be almost parallel to the rotation axis.
For the Earth, however, the applied forces of the Sun and the Moon are nearly perpendicular to the axis of rotation.
“Turtles all the way down” is a jocular expression of the infinite regress problem in cosmology posed by the “unmoved mover” paradox.
The metaphor in the anecdote represents a popular notion of the myth that Earth is actually flat and is supported on the back of a World Turtle, which itself is propped up by a chain of larger and larger turtles.
Questioning what the final turtle might be standing on, the anecdote humorously concludes that it is “turtles all the way down”.
The earliest known version of the story in its “turtle” form appeared in 1854, in a transcript of remarks by preacher Joseph Frederick Berg addressed to Joseph Barker:
My opponent’s reasoning reminds me of the heathen, who, being asked on what the world stood, replied, “On a tortoise.”
But on what does the tortoise stand? “On another tortoise.”
With Mr. Barker, too, there are tortoises all the way down.
(Vehement and vociferous applause.)
“Second Evening: Remarks of Rev. Dr. Berg”
Unless you believe in the impossible [i.e. perpetual motion] it is difficult to imagine [huge understatement] how:
1) Newtonian gravity has managed to keep the Solar System coherently spiralling through space for the last 4.567 billion years [so they say] as the Sun hurtles through space at 370 kilometres per hour.
The Sun is a G-type main-sequence star (G2V) based on spectral class and it is informally referred to as a yellow dwarf.
It formed approximately 4.567 billion years ago from the gravitational collapse of matter within a region of a large molecular cloud.
≈ 220 km/s (orbit around the center of the Milky Way)
≈ 20 km/s (relative to average velocity of other stars in stellar eighbourhood)
≈ 370 km/s (relative to the cosmic microwave background)
The general direction of the Sun’s galactic motion is towards the star Vega in the constellation of Lyra at an angle of roughly 60 sky degrees to the direction of the Galactic Center.
Perpetual motion is motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy.
This is impossible to ever achieve because of friction and other sources of energy loss.
2) Newtonian gravity has failed to collapse the Solar System or the [totally delusional] mainstream invention called the Oort Cloud during the last 4.567 billion [odd] years.
Overall, astronomers have been working very hard and very creatively [for over sixty years] to maintain the myth of the Oort Cloud.
However, the Voyager 1 spacecraft appears to be providing astronomy with a reality check because at a distance of only 122 AU [from the Sun] the spacecraft appears to be leaving the solar system.
Personally, I find the “literary nonsense” penned by Charles Dodgson more coherent than the “literary nonsense” written by the disciples of Newtonian gravity.