It’s difficult to keep the Ship of Settled Science afloat when it’s holed below the waterline.
This probably explains why so much of Settled Science is bilge.
The bilge is the lowest compartment on a ship, below the waterline, where the two sides meet at the keel
The word is sometimes also used to describe the water that collects in this area.
Water that does not drain off the side of the deck drains down through the ship into the bilge.
This water may be from rough seas, rain, leaks in the hull or stuffing box, or other interior spillage.
The collected water must be pumped out to prevent the bilge from becoming too full and threatening to sink the ship.
Therefore, Settled Scientists and Bilge Pumps perform a similar function.
A bilge pump is a water pump used to remove bilge water.
Since fuel can be present in the bilge, electric bilge pumps are designed to not cause sparks.
Electric bilge pumps are often fitted with float switches which turn on the pump when the bilge fills to a set level.
Since bilge pumps can fail, use of a backup pump is often advised.
The first documented bilge pump was apparently designed by Archimedes.
The Greek writer Athenaeus of Naucratis described how King Hieron II commissioned Archimedes to design a huge ship, Syracusia, which could be used for luxury travel, carrying supplies, and as a naval warship.
Syracusia is said to have been the largest ship built in classical antiquity.
According to Athenaeus, she was capable of carrying 600 people and included garden decorations, a gymnasium and a temple dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite among her facilities.
Since a ship of this size would leak a considerable amount of water through the hull, the Archimedes’ screw was purportedly developed in order to remove the bilge water.
Archimedes’ machine was a device with a revolving screw-shaped blade inside a cylinder.
Archimedes of Syracuse (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity.
Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola.
Archimedes is also famous for establishing the Archimedes’ Principle:
“Any object, wholly or partially immersed in a fluid, is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object.”
However, some observational scientists suggest the Archimedes’ Principle is bilge.
Gerald Pollack suggests buoyancy is [at least partly] caused by the cohesive properties of the fluid.
Now set the ship on the water instead of the sponge.
The force balance ought to be similar: the boat pushing down and the water pushing up.
But how exactly does the water push up?
If the water molecules beneath were not cohesive, then the weight of the ship might split the water like Moses split the Red Sea; the boat would quickly sink.
Thus, at least part of the story of the floating ship must involve molecular cohesiveness.
The pressure-based explanation considers the pressure to be the same in all directions.
Up, down, or sideways – it doesn’t really matter.
This rests on the implicit presumption that the water’s properties are the same in all directions.
However, that’s not necessarily true: while the boat may shear through the layers above, the layers below are only moderately distorted and may remain intact.
If so, then the ship is cradled by elastic mosaic structures (Fig. 16.9).
Strained yet largely intact, these layers should create upward thrust in much the same way as a trampoline creates upward thrust.
The Fourth Phase of Water – Dr. Gerald Pollack – 2013 – Ebner & Sons Publishers
Ralph Rene demonstrated Archimedes’ Principle is bilge by “floating 138 grams of mass on 45 grams of water.”
To test the oddball, but practical idea, I took a 400 ml beaker and then found a half empty plastic power steering fluid container that would fit inside it.
The container weighed 138 grams, so I put it in the beaker and added water until it floated.
Removing the container, I weighed it and found it was floating 138 grams of mass on 45 grams of water.
Ralph Rene – The Last Skeptic of Science – 1998
In December of 2008 René passed away, or more accurately “left this place on his own terms.”
His works are still available through this site, which has been largely left as it was originally created by René.
The Last Skeptic of Science – Ralph Rene – 1998
Even Wikipedia admits that surface tension modifies “the amount of fluid displaced” but via some form of logic [which I cannot comprehend] they claim the mainstream principle of buoyancy “remains valid”.
Archimedes’ principle does not consider the surface tension (capillarity) acting on the body, but this additional force modifies only the amount of fluid displaced, so the principle that Buoyancy = weight of displaced fluid remains valid.
Therefore, let’s see if an object partially immersed in water is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the water displaced by the object.
The experiment very simply observes what happens when a 142 gram drinking glass is placed into 80 grams of water that is contained in a slightly larger drinking glass.
The inner 142 gram drinking glass is clearly observed to float in 80 grams of water and this was confirmed by gently pushing down on the floating glass until it touched the base of the container.
Therefore, simple experimentation confirms Archimedes’ Principle is bilge.
I guess the Settled Scientists assigned to the Bilge Pumps will continue to ignore the observational evidence and just keep spewing out the bilge.
The kitchen scales used in this experiment have a scale interval of 2 grams and their accuracy should be about plus or minus 4 grams.
Readability (also Resolution, Scale Division, Scale Interval, Increment, Digit, d)
On electronic and digital scales, this is the smallest change in mass that corresponds to a change in displayed value.
In other words, this is the amount that the scale will increment by as weight is added or removed.
On analog (mechanical) scales, this is the smallest subdivision of the scale dial or beam for analog indication.
When properly calibrated and adjusted, most scales will be accurate to within plus or minus two scale divisions (+/-2d), though this can vary depending on individual specifications.
AWS American Weigh Scales – Weighing Scale Terminology