Settled Science has a perverse preference to demonise cattle whenever possible.
This preference probably originates from a Western quasi-religious phobia of horned animals.
Horns of a goat and a ram, goat’s fur and ears, nose and canines of a pig, a typical depiction of the devil in Christian art.
Thunder and Lightning aka Fire and Brimstone
Numerous studies have addressed the presence of the so called “anomalous” polarity storms over the US Great Plains.
It is over this region that the Cloud-to-Ground (CG) lightning flash polarity exhibits a unique preponderance for positive CG flashes.
Maps of Environmental Protection Agency highlight that the US Great Plains is a major recipient of ammonium (NH4+) in rainwater, as a consequence of the extensive agricultural and livestock farming over the area.
Possible Effects of Ammonium on Lightning Properties
The King James translation of the Bible often renders passages about fiery torments with the phrase “fire and brimstone”.
In Genesis 19, God destroys Sodom and Gomorrah with a rain of fire and brimstone, and in Deuteronomy 29, the Israelites are threatened with the same punishment should they abandon their covenant with God.
Global Warming + Green House Gases aka Hell – Lake of Fire
Cattle alone account for more than half of the total carbon dioxide emissions from respiration.
In the United States methane from enteric fermentation totalled 5.5 million tonnes in 2002, again overwhelmingly originating from beef and dairy cattle.
This was 71 percent of all agricultural emissions and 19 percent of the country’s total emissions (US-EPA, 2004).
For the United States, Smil (2002) calculated the protein conversion efficiency of dairy
products at 40 percent, while that of beef cattle is only 5 percent.
Livestock activities contribute substantially to the emission of nitrous oxide, the most potent of the three major greenhouse gases.
They contribute almost two-thirds of all anthropogenic N2O emissions, and 75–80 percent of agricultural emissions.
Global anthropogenic atmospheric emission of ammonia has recently been estimated at some 47 million tonnes N (Galloway et al., 2004).
Some 94 percent of this is produced by the agricultural sector.
The livestock sector contributes about 68 percent of the agriculture share, mainly from deposited and applied manure.
Livestock’s Role in Climate Change and Air Pollution
Livestock’s Long Shadow
Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations – 2006
Naturally occurring methane is mainly produced by the process of methanogenesis.
Methanogenesis is a form of anaerobic respiration used by organisms that occupy landfill, ruminants (e.g., cattle), and the guts of termites.
Cattle belch methane accounts for 16% of the world’s annual methane emissions to the atmosphere.
One study reported that the livestock sector in general (primarily cattle, chickens, and pigs) produces 37% of all human-induced methane.
A more recent study, in 2009, found that at a conservative estimate, at least 51% of global greenhouse gas emissions were attributable to the life cycle and supply chain of livestock products, meaning all meat, dairy, and by-products, and their transportation.
A minority of Christians read this to mean that neither Hades nor Gehenna are eternal but refer to the ultimate destruction of the wicked in the Lake of Fire in a consuming fire after resurrection.
A lake of fire appears, in both ancient Egyptian and Christian religion, as a place of after-death destruction of the wicked.
Antibiotic Resistance aka Lazarus Effect Resistance
Some antibiotics, for reasons that aren’t totally understood, help cattle grow faster and get more out of the feed they eat.
These medicines are used at lower concentrations than when they are used to treat illness, and typically are included in the food that cattle eat.
Beef Procedures: Antibiotic Use
South Dakota State University
More recently, there has been increased concern about the use of anti-microbials in animals (including pets, livestock, and companion animals) contributing to the rise in antibiotic resistant infections in humans.
The use of antimicrobials has been linked to the rise of resistance in every drug and species where it has been studied, including humans and livestock.
However, the role of antibiotic use in food animals – in contrast to the use of antibiotics in humans – in the rise of resistant infections in humans is in dispute.
In this country, roughly 29 million pounds of antibiotics — about 80 percent of the nation’s antibiotics use in total — are added to animal feed every year, mainly to speed livestock growth.
This widespread use of antibiotics on animals contributes to the rise of resistant bacteria, making it harder to treat human illnesses.
Natural Resources Defense Council – Facts about Pollution from Livestock Farms
Lazarus of Bethany, also known as Saint Lazarus or Lazarus of the Four Days, is the subject of a prominent miracle attributed to Jesus in the Gospel of John, in which Jesus restores him to life four days after his death.
Bad Health aka Seven Deadly Sins: Gluttony aka Ten Biblical Plagues: Diseased Livestock
Consumption of red meat is known to increase the risk of bowel cancer and is suspected to be implicated in an increased risk of lung cancer and some other cancers.
The Harvard School of Public Health recommends consumers eat red meat sparingly as it has high levels of undesirable saturated fat.
Some cattle raised in the United States feed on pastures fertilized with sewage sludge.
Elevated dioxins may be present in meat from these cattle.
Ground beef has been subject to recalls in the United States, due to Escherichia coli (E. coli) contamination…
In 1984, the use of meat and bone meal in cattle feed resulted in the world’s first outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or, colloquially, mad cow disease) in the United Kingdom.
According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a part of the World Health Organization, red meat is probably carcinogenic to humans, with possible risks for colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, and prostate cancer.
The consensus on the role of red meat consumption to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases has changed in recent years.
Red meat intake has been associated with an increased risk of type II diabetes.
Regular consumption of red meat has also been linked to hypertension, and arthritis.
Some studies suggest that milk consumption may increase the risk of suffering from certain health problems.
A study demonstrated that men who drink a large amount of milk and consume dairy products were at a slightly increased risk of developing Parkinson’s disease; the effect for women was smaller.
The most recent assessment by the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research found that most individual epidemiological studies showed increased risk of prostate cancer with increased intake of milk or dairy products.
Medical studies also have shown a possible link between milk consumption and the exacerbation of diseases such as Crohn’s disease, Hirschsprung’s disease–mimicking symptoms in babies with existing cow’s milk allergies, and the aggravation of Behçet’s disease.
The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says improperly handled raw milk is responsible for nearly three times more hospitalizations than any other food-borne disease outbreak, making it one of the world’s most dangerous food products.
Diseases prevented by pasteurization can include tuberculosis, brucellosis, diphtheria, scarlet fever, and Q-fever; it also kills the harmful bacteria Salmonella, Listeria, Yersinia, Campylobacter, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli O157:H7, among others.
A review of the medical literature published in 2012 noted that: “Cheese consumption is the leading contributor of SF (saturated fat) in the U.S. diet, and therefore would be predicted to increase LDL-C (LDL cholesterol) and consequently increase the risk of CVD (cardiovascular disease).”
Some aged cheeses contain significant concentrations of tyramine, which can trigger symptoms mimicking an allergic reaction: headaches, rashes, and blood pressure elevations.
Radioactive contamination may also be ingested as the result of eating contaminated plants and animals or drinking contaminated water or milk from exposed animals.
Mycobacterium bovis, is a slow-growing (16- to 20-hour generation time), aerobic bacterium and the causative agent of tuberculosis in cattle (known as Bovine TB).
Related to M. tuberculosis – the bacterium which causes tuberculosis in humans – M. bovis can also jump the species barrier and cause tuberculosis in humans and other mammals.
Humans can be infected with foot-and-mouth disease through contact with infected animals, but this is extremely rare.
Brucellosis, Bang’s disease, Crimean fever, Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Maltese fever, Mediterranean fever, rock fever, or undulant fever, is a highly contagious zoönosis caused by ingestion of unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat from infected animals or close contact with their secretions.
California officials identify agriculture, including cows, as the major source of nitrate pollution in more than 100,000 square miles of polluted groundwater.
In 1996 the Centers for Disease Control established a link between spontaneous abortions and high nitrate levels in Indiana drinking water wells located close to feedlots.
High levels of nitrates in drinking water also increase the risk of methemoglobinemia, or “blue-baby syndrome,” which can kill infants.
Animal waste contains disease-causing pathogens, such as Salmonella, E. coli, Cryptosporidium, and fecal coliform, which can be 10 to 100 times more concentrated than in human waste. More than 40 diseases can be transferred to humans through manure.
Manure from dairy cows is thought to have contributed to the disastrous Cryptosporidium contamination of Milwaukee’s drinking water in 1993, which killed more than 100 people, made 400,000 sick and resulted in $37 million in lost wages and productivity.
In 1998, the National Institute of Health reported that 19 people died as a result of hydrogen sulfide emissions from manure pits.
Natural Resources Defense Council – Facts about Pollution from Livestock Farms
Raising livestock plunders global resources and devastates our water supply
In some areas of the southwest U.S., including California, it requires over 4,000 gallons of water to produce just one pound of beef and over 1,000 gallons to produce just one gallon of milk as compared to, on average, 6 to 30 gallons to produce a pound of vegetables, such as carrots or various greens.
Freshwater Depletion: Realities of Choice – 26 November 2014
Comfortably Unaware – Dr. Richard A. Oppenlander
The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins, is a Western grouping and classification of vices.
In Christianity, it is considered a sin if the excessive desire for food causes it to be withheld from the needy.
The Plagues of Egypt, also called the ten biblical plagues, were ten calamities that, according to the biblical Book of Exodus, the God of Israel inflicted upon Egypt to persuade the Pharaoh to release the ill-treated Israelites from slavery.
The fifth plague of Egypt was an epizootic disease which exterminated the Egyptian livestock; that is, horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep, goats and of course, the cat.
The eternal challenge with Settled Science is to separate the wheat from the chaff.