The Red Score: Daniel Brinton

the-red-score-daniel-brinton

After the Deluge the Lenape abandoned their “land of snow” and began their search for “warmer lands” by journeying over a frozen, slippery, stone-hard, tidal sea.

The modern mainstream [before they decided the Red Score was a fake] simply assumed this meant the Lenape traversed the Bering Strait from Asia.

Review: Walam Olum or Red Score – Indiana Historical Society – 1954

The thesis is presented that the Walam Olum can be viewed as a native historical account which documents the movement of the Delaware (or perhaps the Algonkians as a group) from their early Siberian home across Bering Strait about 366 A.D.

James B. Griffin – Museum of Anthropology – University of Michigan
Indiana Magazine of History – Volume 51, Issue 1, March 1955

https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/imh/article/view/8312/10338

Review: Walam Olum or Red Score – Indiana Historical Society – 1954

The authors seem to agree on two main points: that the Walam Olum is a genuine tribal history; and that it describes the migration of an Algonkian population, including the Lenape, all the way from Asia, across Bering Strait and the plains of North America, to the Ohio valley (where the Lenape were the makers of the famous Hopewell culture), and thence to the Atlantic Coast, where they were met by white men.

Anthony F. C. Wallace – University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography – Vol 79 – Issue 1 – Jan 1955

https://journals.psu.edu/pmhb/article/view/41006/40727

In other words:

The mainstream moulded the Red Score to fit their preconceived notions.

human-migrations

The most popular theory asserts that migrants came to the Americas via Beringia, the land mass now covered by the cold ocean waters in the Bering Strait.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Americas

mainstream-migration

Paleo-Indians originated from Central Asia, crossing the Beringia land bridge between eastern Siberia and present-day Alaska.

Humans lived throughout the Americas by the end of the last glacial period, or more specifically what is known as the late glacial maximum, no earlier than 23,000 years before present.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Americas

In fact the Red Score “offers extremely little” support for this mainstream notion.

Review: Walam Olum or Red Score – Indiana Historical Society – 1954

It is unfortunately true that the Walam Olum in itself offers extremely little precise geographical information, and it is not too clear to the reviewer whether the happenings recorded in the several books form a continuous sequence.

James B. Griffin – Museum of Anthropology – University of Michigan
Indiana Magazine of History – Volume 51, Issue 1, March 1955

https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/imh/article/view/8312/10338

Review: Walam Olum or Red Score – Indiana Historical Society – 1954

Can the vague topographic descriptions in the songs be cited with any certainty as references to Asia or the Bering Strait, or is it a matter of reading into the account what is known through other lines of evidence of Indian migrations in a broad sense?

David A. Baerreis, University of Wisconsin – American Anthropologist – 57 – 1955
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1955.57.6.02a00290/pdf

The latest human migrations across the Bering Strait also offer extremely little support for this mainstream notion because the latest movements have been going from America to Asia.

Probably the favorite theory at the present day is that the first inhabitants of the New World came from northeastern Asia, either by the Aleutian islands or across Behring Strait.

Concerning the Aleutian islands we know by the evidence of language and archaeology that they were first peopled from America, and not from Asia.

Moreover, they are separated one from the other in places by hundreds of miles of a peculiarly stormy and dangerous sea.

It is otherwise with Behring Straits.

From East Cape in Siberia one can see the American shore, and when first explored the tribes on each side were in frequent communication.

No doubt this had been going on for a long time, and thus they had influenced each other in blood and culture.

But so long as we have any knowledge of the movings at this point, they have been from America into Asia, the Eskimos pushing their settlements along the Asian coast.

It will be replied that we should look to a period anterior to the Eskimos.

Any migration at that remote epoch is refuted by other considerations.

We know that Siberia was not peopled till late in the Neolithic times, and what is more, that the vicinity of the strait and the whole coast of Alaska were, till a very modern geologic period, covered by enormous glaciers which would have prevented any communication between the two continents.

These considerations reduce any possible migrations at this point to such as may have taken place long after America, both North and South, possessed a wide-spread population.

The American Race – Daniel Garrison Brinton – 1901
https://archive.org/details/americanraceali00bringoog

Daniel Garrison Brinton (May 13, 1837 – July 31, 1899) was an American archaeologist and ethnologist.

From 1862 to 1865, during the American Civil War, he was a surgeon in the Union army, acting during 1864-1865 as surgeon-in-charge of the U.S. Army general hospital at Quincy, Illinois.

After the war, Brinton practiced medicine in West Chester, Pennsylvania for several years; was the editor of a weekly periodical, the Medical and Surgical Reporter, in Philadelphia from 1874 to 1887; became professor of ethnology and archaeology in the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1884; and was professor of American linguistics and archaeology in the University of Pennsylvania from 1886 until his death.

He was a member of numerous learned societies in the United States and in Europe and was president at different times of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, of the American Folklore Society, the American Philosophical Society, and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

His 1885 work is notable for its role in the Walam Olum controversy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Garrison_Brinton

Therefore, it’s no surprise that [way back in 1885] Daniel Brinton suggested the Lanape’s ancestors “dwelt far to the northeast, on tide-water, probably at Labrador”.

Were I to reconstruct their ancient history from the Walam Olum, as I understand it, the result would read as follows: —

At some remote period their ancestors dwelt far to the northeast, on tide-water, probably at Labrador.

They journeyed south and west, till they reached a broad water, full of islands and abounding in fish, perhaps the St. Lawrence about the Thousand Isles.

They crossed and dwelt for some generations in the pine and hemlock regions of New York, fighting more or less with the Snake people, and the Talega, agricultural nations, living in stationary villages to the southeast of them, in the area of Ohio and Indiana.

They drove out the former, but the latter remained on the upper Ohio and its branches.

The Lenape, now settled on the streams in Indiana, wished to remove to the East to join the Mohegans and other of their kin who had moved there directly from northern New York.

They, therefore, united with the Hurons (Talamatans) to drive out the Talega (Tsalaki, Cherokees) from the upper Ohio.

This they only succeeded in accomplishing finally in the historic period.

But they did clear the road and reached the Delaware valley, though neither forgetting nor giving up their claims to their western territories.

In the sixteenth century the Iroquois tribes seized and occupied the whole of the Susquehanna valley, thus cutting off the eastern from the western Algonkins, and ended by driving many of the Lenape from the west to the east bank of the Delaware.

The Lenape and their Legends – Daniel Garrison Brinton – 1885
https://archive.org/stream/lenpandtheirleg00rafigoog#page/n186/mode/2up

newfoundland

Newfoundland and Labrador, is the most easterly province of Canada.

Situated in the country’s Atlantic region, it comprises the island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newfoundland_and_Labrador

In other words:

Brinton believed “the extreme antiquity of man in America is placed beyond cavil.”

We know he was there, from the evidence he has left behind him in the various strata and deposits attributable to the different agencies I have described.

How far back his most ancient relics carry us, is not quite clear.

The lowest, that is, the oldest, deposit on the eastern coast in which any relics of human industry are claimed to have been found, is that known as the ” Columbian gravel.” This is considered by geologists to have been formed in the height of the first glacial period. From its undisturbed layers have been exhumed stones bearing the marks of rough shaping, so as to serve the purpose of rude primitive weapons.

The extensive beds of loess which cover many thousand square miles in the Central United States are referred to the second Glacial Epoch. Professor Aughey reports the finding of rudely chipped arrowhead in this loess as it occurs in the Missouri Valley. They lay immediately beneath the vertebra of an elephant, an animal, I need scarcely add, long since extinct.

More conclusive than these are the repeated discoveries of implements, chipped from hard stones, in deposits of loess and gravels in Ohio and Indiana, which deposits, without doubt, represent a closing episode of the last Glacial Epoch.

Such discoveries have not been confined to the northern portion of the continent.

Barcena reported the relics of man in a quarternary rock in the valley of Mexico.

Such facts as these place it beyond doubt that man Jived in both North and South America at the close of the Glacial Age.

In any case, the extreme antiquity of man in America is placed beyond cavil.

He was here long before either northern Asia or the Polynesian islands were inhabited, as it is well known they were first populated in Neolithic times.

The American Race – Daniel Garrison Brinton – 1901
https://archive.org/details/americanraceali00bringoog

pedra-furada

Pedra Furada is an important collection of over 800 archaeological sites in the state of Piauí, Brazil.

The first excavations yielded charcoal deposits with Carbon-14 dates of 48,000 to 32,000 years BP.

Repeated analysis has confirmed this dating, carrying the range of dates up to 60,000 BP.

A review of the site by archaeologist Tom Dillehay in 1994 suggested that the charcoal remains may have been from natural fires and were not necessarily indicative of human occupation.

Guidon has established 15 distinct levels, classified in three cultural phases, called Pedra Furada, that includes the oldest remains; and Serra Talhada, from 12,000 to 7,000 BP, with tools such as knives, scrapers, flakes used “as is” or with some retouch and lithic cores, all made of quartz or quartzite.

Third is Agreste late phase.

The site also has hundreds of rock paintings dated from 5,000 to 11,000 years ago.

More recently, the site of Toca da Tira Peia, also in Serra da Capivara National Park, was shown to have signs of human presence dating to 22,000 years ago.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedra_Furada_sites

Again, by following the evidence, Daniel Brinton realised there was once an Atlantic land bridge between Europe and North America [“by way of Iceland and Greenland”] and that “the ancestors of the American race could have come from no other quarter than western Europe”.

The question naturally arises, did he not originate upon this continent ?

The answer to this is given by Charles Darwin in his magistral statement –

” Our progenitors diverged from the catarhine stock of the anthropoids ; and the fact that they belonged to this stock clearly shows that they inhabited the Old World.”
The Descent of Man, p. 155

In fact, all the American monkeys, whether living or fossil, are platyrhine, have thirty-four teeth, and have tails, characteristics which show that none of the higher anthropoids lived in the New World.

We are obliged, therefore, to look for the original home of the American glacial man elsewhere than in America.

Some interesting geological facts throw an unexpected light upon our investigations.

I have already remarked that in the various recent oscillations of the earth’s crust, there occurred about the middle and later Glacial Epoch an uplift of the northern part of the continent and also of the northern Atlantic basin.

In the opinion of Professor James Geikie this amounted to a vertical elevation of three thousand feet above the present level, and resulted in establishing a continuous land connection between the higher latitudes of the two continents, which remained until the Post-glacial period!

the-building-of-the-british-isles

Dr. Habernicht also recognizes this condition of affairs and places it during the ” old stone ” age in Europe, which corresponds to the position assigned it by McGee.

Very recently, Professor Spencer has summed up the evidence in favor of the elevation of the northern portions of America and the north Atlantic, about the early Pliocene times, and considers that it proves beyond a doubt that it must have reached from 2000 to 3000 feet above the present level.

Further testimony to the existence of this land bridge is offered by the glacial striae on the rocks of Shetland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland and south Greenland.

These are in such directions and of such a character that Mr. James Croll, a high authority, maintains that they must have been produced by land ice and that the theory of a land connection between these localities ” can alone explain all the facts.”

A comparison of the flora and fauna in the higher latitudes of the two continents reveals marked identities which require some such theory to explain them.

Thus, certain species of land snails occur both in Labrador and Europe, and the flora of Greenland, although American in the north, is distinctly European in the south.

Again, in certain very late Pliocene formations in England, known as the Norwich crag and the red crag of Suffolk, ” no less than eighteen species of American mollusca occur, only seven of which still live on the Scandinavian coast, the remainder being confined to North America.”

In consequence of such facts the most careful English geologists of today hold that the land communication, which certainly existed between Europe and North America in Eocene times by way of Iceland and Greenland, which was then a part of the American continent, continued to exist through the Miocene and Pliocene Epochs.

This land bridge formed a barrier of separation between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, so that the temperature of the higher latitudes was much milder than at present.

The evidence, therefore, is cumulative that at the close of the last Glacial Epoch, and for an indeterminate time previous, the comparatively shallow bed of the North Atlantic was above water ; and this was about the time that we find men in the same stage of culture dwelling on both its shores.

The attempt has often been made by geologists to calculate the remoteness in time of the close of the Ice Age, and of these vestiges of human occupation.

The chronometers appealed to are the erosion of river valleys, especially of the gorge of Niagara, the filling of lake beds, the accumulation of modern detritus, etc.

Professor Frederick Wright, who has studied the problem of the Niagara gorge with especial care, considers that a minimum period of twelve thousand years must have elapsed since its erosion began.

But as Professor Gilbert justly remarks, whatever the age of the great cataract may be, the antiquity of man in America is far greater, and reaches into a past for which we have found no time-measure.

The same may be said for Europe.

De Quatrefages and many other students of the subject consider that the evidence is sufficient to establish the presence of man near the Atlantic coast in the Pliocene Epoch ; and excellent English geologists have claimed that the caves in the valley of the River Clwyd, in north Wales, whose floors contain flint implements, had their entrance blocked by true glacial deposits, so that man was there present before the Great Ice Age began.

From this brief presentation of the geologic evidence, the conclusion seems forced upon us that the ancestors of the American race could have come from no other quarter than western Europe, or that portion of Eurafrica which in my lectures on general ethnography I have described as the most probable location of the birth-place of the species.

The American Race – Daniel Garrison Brinton – 1901
https://archive.org/details/americanraceali00bringoog

Most readers enrolled in the Mainstream Migration Mystery School will find it very difficult to take seriously the observations of Daniel Brinton.

However, there is modern DNA evidence that supports Daniel Brinton.

A distinct DNA signature was found among all but one of the populations shown as points 32 to 53 on this map. (The Fox tribe, Point 48, was the exception. But DNA samples from only two people were tested, too few to provide a valid result.)

9-repeat-allele

The team’s work follows up on earlier studies by several of its members who found a unique variant (an allele) of a genetic marker in the DNA of modern-day Native American people.

Dubbed the “9-repeat allele,” the variant (which does not have a biological function), occurred in all of the 41 populations that they sampled from Alaska to the southern tip of Chile, as well as in Inuit from Greenland and the Chukchi and Koryak people native to the Asian (western) side of the Bering Strait.

Yet this allele was absent in all 54 of the Eurasian, African and Oceanian groups the team sampled.

DNA Study Confirms Native Americans Descended From a Single Ancestral Group
University of California, Davis – University News – Dave Jones – 8 May 2009
https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/family-tree-dna-study-confirms-native-americans-descended-single-ancestral-group/

Haplogroup R or R-M207, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

It is both numerous and widespread amongst modern populations.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_R_%28Y-DNA%29

dna-westward-migration

World Distribution of MtDNA Haplogroups – J. D. McDonald – 2004
http://www.scs.illinois.edu/~mcdonald/worldmtdnamap.pdf

extinct-palaeo-eskimo

We report here the genome sequence of an ancient human. Obtained from ~4,000-year-old permafrost-preserved hair, the genome represents a male individual from the first known culture to settle in Greenland.

Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo
Morten Rasmussen et al
Nature 463, 757-762 – 11 February 2010

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v463/n7282/full/nature08835.html

Perhaps, one fine day, the Mainstream Migration Mystery School will get the message.

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10 Responses to The Red Score: Daniel Brinton

  1. rishrac says:

    Very interesting research..

  2. I doubt it, them getting the message. I’ve been deep in thought on this matter and our sense of chronology is primarily driven by biblical creationism, whether literal for the Judeans and short-chronology advocates, or liberal for the Lyellians/Huxleys/Darwinists. Each has the belief that humankind is an addition to the biosphere, and either was anointed top of the heap by theological authority, or arrived there by incremental steps as envisaged by the Lyellians. Both start from the problem of starting with nothing, creatio-ex-nihilo. And so the Darwinians have adopted the Leakey model, an original appearance in Africa spreading outwards etc etc.

    Or these models are BS.

    The alternative involves life not being an epiphenomenon of an inanimate Universe, as imagined by the monistic idealism model of Goswami. This model proposes that life forms simply exist in whatever form the environment allows – and when the environment changes, so too the life forms. It’s akin to an enormous holographic-like imaginal existence that Indian mystics often assert.

    This means that biodiversity observed is what is actually there, or as J Krishnamurti often stated, Life IS.

    The problem is that the monistic idealism model won’t be accepted by the Judea-Christian culture, for it lacks an authority, God, and from experience, most people prefer to delegate their ignorance and misery to a supernatural over-arching force.

    Thus as along people believe in creation, whether liberal or literal, the perplexing existence of human cultures and their origins will remain scientifically insoluble. The literalists have no problem since they simply apply the miracle forcing to explain reality.

    But as energy can neither be created nor destroyed, one is left with the inescapable conclusion that life must have always existed, and continues to simply exist. The differences observed in the here and now simply reflect the environments in which life exists, or what it used to be like from fossil remains.

    As an aside, it’s this belief in creation that also justifies the peak-oil and fossil fuel theories. Lyellianism is, after all, the case of having one’s biblical cake and also eating from it. It’s why the Catholic Huxleys were such formidable exponents of it. This model has a most recent appearance of a biosphere from the Darwinian model, and yes, it means finite amounts of hydrocarbons and coal. But it is a belief, not fact, a belief that is compatible with the dominant Judea-Christian culture of the West. But it’s always the same hurdle – how to explain the progression from nothing to something scientifically. There’s 4 billions of them as well, and statistically only a miracle might cause a change in their world view.

  3. malagabay says:

    “The differences observed in the here and now simply reflect the environments in which life exists, or what it used to be like from fossil remains.”

    If you are looking for more information on this topic then On Growth and Form by D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson is a great place to start.

    Thompson’s most famous work, On Growth and Form was written in Dundee, mostly in 1915, though wartime shortages and his many last-minute alterations delayed publication until 1917.
    The central theme of the book is that biologists of its author’s day overemphasized evolution as the fundamental determinant of the form and structure of living organisms, and underemphasized the roles of physical laws and mechanics.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D'Arcy_Wentworth_Thompson

    On Growth and Form – D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson – 1945
    https://archive.org/details/ongrowthform00thom

  4. oldbrew says:

    Under the heading ‘Lewisian Gneiss’ this website says:
    ‘An area of NW Highlands Geopark known as ‘The Foreland’ lies to the west of the Moine Thrust Zone and includes most of the coastal townships. The Foreland is largely made up of Lewisian Gneiss, which at 3000 million years old is the oldest rock type in Britain.

    Because they were once part of the same continent, the same rock type is found in North America and Greenland.’
    http://www.nwhgeopark.com/landscape/reading-rocks/

  5. Pingback: The Red Score: The Frozen Trail | MalagaBay

  6. Pingback: The Red Score: Copper Calls | MalagaBay

  7. Pingback: The Red Score: Otto von Sadovszky | MalagaBay

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