The Red Score: The Frozen Trail


Karl Hoenke and Myron Paine have suggested the Lenape migrated to America from Greenland.

Leni Lenape originated in Greenland and migrated via Hudson Bay, Minnesota, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey to coast during period c . AD 1000 to c. AD 1500.

Viking Waterway – Karl Hoenke and Dr. Myron Paine – Sept 2013


A fat man sits on a Viking Captain’s chair, the seat of authority, on top of a land surrounded by ice. The fat man is a high religious person because he has the “Father, Son, and holy ghost spikes rising from his head.

The Maalan Aarum Saga

This isn’t a wholly unreasonable idea because it’s possible the Iroquois [with their longhouse tradition] also migrated southwards from colder climes.

In North America two groups of longhouses emerged: the Native American/First Nations longhouse of the tribes usually connected with the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) in the northeast, and a similarly shaped structure which arose independently among the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.


Even the mainstream recognises “some” Thule people “migrated southward” to Northern Labrador.

The Thule or proto-Inuit were the ancestors of all modern Inuit.

They developed in coastal Alaska by A.D. 1000 and expanded eastwards across Canada, reaching Greenland by the 13th century.

Some Thule migrated southward, in the “Second Expansion” or “Second Phase”.

The Thule Tradition lasted from about 200 B.C. to 1600 A.D. around the Bering Strait, the Thule people being the prehistoric ancestors of the Inuit who now live in Northern Labrador.

However, Hoenke and Paine go a step further by suggesting the Lenape’s ancestors are Vikings.

The Vikings in America vanished into non-history and emerged, unrecognized, as the Lenape on the East Coast when the English invaded.

Viking Waterway – Karl Hoenke and Dr. Myron Paine – Sept 2013


Sherwin had no problem believing Algonquin words had Norse roots.

He grew up speaking a dialect similar to Old Norse in remote Norway.

After migrating to northeast North America, he was surprised to recognize that many Indian place names, when spoken out loud, described the land he was seeing.

Sherwin compared over 15,000 phrases with Old Norse roots to Algonquin words.

Frozen Trail to Merica – Lenape (aka Algonquin) and the Old Norse Language

Again, this isn’t a wholly unreasonable suggestion because the idea that Norsemen migrated to America has been floating around for a long time.

This theory appeared in the Icelandic Annals, rebuilt by Gisle Oddsson in 1637, that the Norse abandoned the Christian faith and emigrated to America in 1342.

The Lost Western Settlement Of Greenland 1342
Carol S Francis – California State University, Sacramento – 2011,%201342.pdf?sequence=1


The Kensington Runestone is a 202 pounds (92 kg) slab of greywacke covered in runes on its face and side.

A Swedish immigrant, Olof Ohman, claimed to have discovered it in 1898 in the largely rural township of Solem, Douglas County, Minnesota, and named it after the nearest settlement, Kensington.

The inscription purports to be a record left behind by Scandinavian explorers in the 14th century (internally dated to the year 1362).
There has been a drawn-out debate on the stone’s authenticity, but the scholarly consensus has classified it as a 19th-century hoax since it was first examined in 1910, with some critics directly charging the purported discoverer Ohman with fabricating the inscription, although there remains a local community convinced of the stone’s authenticity.

Blond Eskimos is a term first applied to sightings and encounters of light haired indigenous peoples of the Arctic Circle region from the early 20th century, particularly around the Coronation Gulf between mainland Canada and Victoria Island.

Sightings of light haired natives of the Arctic however stretch back to written accounts from the 17th century.

In 1910, Stefansson visited the Copper Inuit inhabiting southwestern Victoria Island and Prince Albert Sound.

He described meeting many men whose beards and hair were blonde and “who looked like typical Scandinavians”.

In his book My Life with the Eskimo, Stefansson proposed several explanations for these physical features:

Early mixture with Norse colonists from Greenland
• Mixture with European whalers
• Ancient migration of European-like people from across the Bering Strait

The suggestion that the Vikings migrated to America is supported by a string of longhouses that stretch all the way from Greenland [via Baffin Island and Ungava Bay] down to L’Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland.

Thomas E. Lee researched the longhouses on Pamiok Island. He concluded,

Five of the twelve Longhouses on Ungava Bay can be ‘matched in … the Old Norse settlements–in size, construction, shape, partitions, vestibules, ember pits, and in the trash heaps‘”
(Lee 1970)

Frozen Trail to Merica – Artifacts – Long Houses on Ungava Bay

Ungava Bay is a large bay in northeastern Canada separating Nunavik (far northern Quebec) from Baffin Island.

The bay is roughly oval-shaped, about 260 km (160 mi) at its widest point and about 320 km (200 mi) in length; it has an area of approximately 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi).


Kangirsuk is an Inuit village in northern Nunavik, Quebec, Canada.

Not far from the village on Pamiok Island, Thomas E. Lee, an archaeologist from Laval University, has discovered a stone foundation of what is believed to be a Viking long house.

Another archeological site, Hammer of Thor, is located on north shores of Payne River about 25 km west from the village.


The Last Viking – John N. Harris, M.A.(CMNS) – 1999

Thomas Edward Lee (1914–1982) was an archaeologist for the National Museum of Canada in the 1950s and discovered Sheguiandah on Manitoulin Island.

In 1970, Lee excavated & researched longhouses on Pamiok Island, Ungava Bay, near Kangirsuk.

The Cartier Site revealed stone foundations, similar to other discoveries in the Canadian Arctic.

Lee thought these to be “temporary shelters built by Norse voyagers visiting the region around A.D. 1000“.

This would make these sites the same age as L’Anse aux Meadows.


L’Anse aux Meadows is an archaeological site on the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Discovered in 1960, it is the most famous site of a Norse or Viking settlement in North America.

Dating to around the year 1000, L’Anse aux Meadows is widely accepted as evidence of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact.’Anse_aux_Meadows


But the most intriguing aspect of the Viking Frozen Trail itinerary proposed by Hoenke and Paine is that it highlights the possibility that the configuration of the American landmasses [and their associated sea-levels] may have been very different [a little over] 1,000 years ago.


This land/sea configuration would help explain the pattern of European DNA in North America.



This land/sea configuration would also help explain the Ungava seal.

However, it is difficult visualising how the advancing ice could have trapped seafaring seals in inland freshwater lakes [which are currently above sea level] during the last Ice Age when the sea level is said to have gradually dropped by 120 metres.

This is especially true for the populations of harbour seals that currently inhabit three freshwater lakes that are “about 150 km east of Hudson Bay”.

There is also a subspecies called the Ungava seal (Phoca vitulina mellonae) that comprises less than 300 individuals landlocked in the fresh water of Lacs des Loups Marins, Petit Lac de Loups Marins, and Lac Bourdel in northern Quebec.

Lacs des Loups Marins is a lake in the north of the province of Quebec in Canada. It is located about 150 km east of Hudson Bay and about 20 km northeast of Lac à l’Eau Claire.

The name comes from its population of harbor seals (fr: loups marins or phoques).

They belong to Phoca vitulina mellonae, the only seal subtype that lives year-round in fresh water.



This land/sea configuration would additionally explain the crumbling Castle Rock in Kansas.

The problem arises because the Earth Scientists claim these crumbling chalk columns have been withstanding the elements for about 60 million years i.e. since “the very early Paleogene”.



This land/sea configuration would also explain how so many Norse cultural influences managed to [literally] sail across North America and become established in the Pacific Northwest.

In North America two groups of longhouses emerged: the Native American/First Nations longhouse of the tribes usually connected with the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) in the northeast, and a similarly shaped structure which arose independently among the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.


The Last Viking – John N. Harris, M.A.(CMNS) – 1999

Which, in it’s turn, suggests the mainstream history of the Americas is total misdirection…

The following review of The Viking and the Red Man is a Settled Science classic.

Reviewed Work:
The Viking and the Red Man: The Old Norse Origin of the Algonquin Language
by Reider T. Sherwin

As the subtitle of this book indicates, the author has attempted an impossible task.

Not long ago the citadel of Gothic language was stormed by a learned Harvard professor, and the philological structure founded by Jacob Grimm was laid in ruins!

But now a new philological citadel has been erected, and that too by an untrained layman, viz., the Algonquin language of the ‘noble red man,’ fashioned out of the elements which composed the language on the invading Norse vikings!

Such a publication represents an effrontery to American scholarship and to ON philology in particular.

Publishers should first consult recognized authorities in linguistic science before allowing a book concerned with this subject to go to press.

The public should not be fed upon startling ‘revelations’ which contravene scientific methods and put a premium on linguistic ignorance.

American scholarship has during the last generation been forced to combat too woeful examples of indiscriminate publication.

No detailed analysis of this “effrontery” shall be attempted here.

But as a sacred obligation to linguistic science we are in duty bound to point out briefly some of the cardinal fallacies in the author’s argumentation.

Review by: Albert Morey Sturtevant
Scandinavian Studies and Notes – Vol. 16, No. 3 (August, 1940), pp. 114-116

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5 Responses to The Red Score: The Frozen Trail

  1. These data seem to suggest that the RTE was the Pleistocene event. Jigsaw seems to be slowly coming together.

  2. I would also check the various “glyphs” etc – these may not represent Norse artefacts but possible plasma instabilities seen from various physical perspectives, producing a wide variety of types.

  3. malagabay says:

    Post updated with references to the linguistic insights of Reider T. Sherwin.
    The Viking and the Red Man:
    The Old Norse Origin of the Algonquin Language – 1940

  4. Pingback: The Red Score: Copper Calls | MalagaBay

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