The Red Score: Copper Calls


Cultures in Greenland have a nasty habit of disappearing overnight and for some inexplicably reason Greenland was officially bereft of inhabitants for 98.5% of the 1st millennium.


However, in recent years, the mainstream has started to rationalise Greenland’s cultural heritage.

The Saqqaq and Independence I cultures are now officially amalgamated but this unified culture still retains it’s established [regional] branding regime.


The Saqqaq culture (named after the Saqqaq settlement, the site of many archaeological finds) was a Paleo-Eskimo culture in Greenland. The earliest known archaeological culture in southern Greenland, Saqqaq culture existed from around 2500 BCE until about 800 BCE.

This culture coexisted with the Independence I culture of northern Greenland, which developed around 2400 BCE and lasted until about 1300 BCE.

In the northeastern part of Greenland, this culture is labeled “Independence I” while in the western part of Greenland, this culture is labeled “Saqqaq Culture”.

They lived in small tents and hunted seals, seabirds, and other marine animals.
The people of the Saqqaq culture used silicified slate, agate, quartzite, and rock crystals as materials for their tools.

The Independence I culture was a Paleo-Eskimo culture of peoples who lived in northern Greenland from 2,400 to 1,000 B.C. It is named after Independence Fjord.
During this time they coexisted with the Saqqaq culture of southern Greenland.

Although there is no explanation for the disappearance of this unified culture their “nuclear genome” has been reconstructed from a “tuft of hair”.


Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo
Morten Rasmussen et al – Nature 463, 757-762 – 11 Feb 2010


Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have become the first to reconstruct the nuclear genome of an extinct human being… by analysing a tuft of hair that belonged to a man from the Saqqaq culture from north-western Greenland 4,000 years ago.

Waking the Dead – 10 Feb 2010 -University of Copenhagen

The curious aspect of the Saqqaq culture is the disconnect between the “migration from Siberia” narrative and the graphical evidence supporting Daniel Brinton’s conclusion that “the ancestors of the American race could have come from no other quarter than western Europe”.

This provides evidence for a migration from Siberia into the New World some 5,500 years ago, independent of that giving rise to the modern Native Americans and Inuit.

Ancient human genome sequence of an extinct Palaeo-Eskimo
Morten Rasmussen et al – Nature 463, 757-762 – 11 Feb 2010

The second major rationalisation has been the merging of the Independence II and Early Dorset cultures to form [the new and improved] Greenlandic Dorset culture.


Recent studies of the Lithic technological traditions of the Greenland Paleo-Eskimo cultures has confirmed that Independence II is identical to Early Dorset in Greenland thus designated “Greenlandic Dorset” (Grønnøw & Sørensen 2006).

Prehistory of Greenland / Independence II
Nationalmuseet – København

The Dorset culture (also called the Dorset Tradition) was a Paleo-Eskimo culture (500 BCE–1500 CE) that preceded the Inuit culture in Arctic North America. It is named after Cape Dorset in Nunavut, Canada where the first evidence of its existence was found.

The Independence II culture was a Paleo-Eskimo culture that flourished in northern and northeastern Greenland (700 BCE to 80 BCE), north and south of the Independence Fjord.

Independence II was in part contemporaneous with the Dorset culture occupation in southern Greenland; but the latter persisted until 1400 CE.

The disappearance of this amalgamated Greenlandic Dorset culture remains a mystery.

This particular mystery can be resolved by merging the Norse longhouse culture with [the new and improved] Greenlandic Dorset longhouse culture i.e. a single longhouse culture that would introduce longhouses to the Iroquois and the Pacific Northwest.


In North America two groups of longhouses emerged: the Native American/First Nations longhouse of the tribes usually connected with the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) in the northeast, and a similarly shaped structure which arose independently among the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast.


The official narrative claims the [the new and improved] Greenlandic Dorset culture coincidentally [and by pure chance] built longhouses 1,000 years before the Norsemen arrived in Greenland.

And, officially, these newly arrived Norsemen then proceeded to coincidentally [and by pure chance] built their longhouses on many of the same sites used by the Greenlandic Dorset.

Thomas E. Lee researched the longhouses on Pamiok Island. He concluded,

Five of the twelve Longhouses on Ungava Bay can be ‘matched in … the Old Norse settlements–in size, construction, shape, partitions, vestibules, ember pits, and in the trash heaps‘”
(Lee 1970)

Frozen Trail to Merica – Artifacts – Long Houses on Ungava Bay




longhouse-at-brattahlid – Remembering Bluie West One – Daniel Ford

Brattahlíð, often anglicised as Brattahlid, was Erik the Red’s estate in the Eastern Settlement Viking colony he established in south-western Greenland toward the end of the 10th century.

Merging the [new and improved] Greenlandic Dorset and Norse cultures provides a 200 year overlap with the Nordic Bronze Age and reinforces the view that the Middle Settlement in Greenland was primarily established to mine tin.

The Nordic Bronze Age (also Northern Bronze Age) is a period of Scandinavian prehistory from c. 1700–500 BC.

However, this bronze-age scenario creates significant problems for the mainstream because it implies the Norse Middle Settlement was [officially] established sometime before 500 BCE.


However, the mainstream is resisting [at all costs] the merging of the Greenlandic Dorset and Norse cultures because they claim the Greenlandic Dorset culture was a Paleo-Eskimo culture.

But the mainstream already have a spare [and unexplained] Paleo-Eskimo culture: The Thule.

Side note: This is where the fun begins.

On the one hand the mainstream claim the Thule culture “developed in coastal Alaska by A.D. 1000” and then “expanded eastwards” to Greenland by “the 13th century”.


The Thule or proto-Inuit were the ancestors of all modern Inuit.

They developed in coastal Alaska by A.D. 1000 and expanded eastwards across Canada, reaching Greenland by the 13th century.

Intensified contacts with Europeans began in the 18th century.

Compounded by the already disruptive effects of the “Little Ice Age” (1650–1850), the Thule communities broke apart, and the people were henceforward known as the Eskimo, and later, Inuit.

The Thule Tradition lasted from about 200 B.C. to 1600 A.D. around the Bering Strait, the Thule people being the prehistoric ancestors of the Inuit who now live in Northern Labrador

On the other hand the mainstream claim the descendants of the Thule culture were hunter-gatherers around Victoria Island [Canada] for about “three millennia”.


Copper Inuit are a Canadian Inuit group who live north of the tree line, in what is now Nunavut’s Kitikmeot Region and the Northwest Territories’s Inuvik Region.

Most historically lived in the area around Coronation Gulf, on Victoria Island, and southern Banks Island.

Copper Inuit are descendants of Thule culture.

For approximately three millennia Copper Inuit were hunter-gatherer nomads.


Pueblos en el Hielo – Copper Inuit (Kitlinermiut) – 26 Feb 2016

The reason for this mainstream confusion is probably caused by the “highly regarded” “copper products” made by theses [time travelling] descendants of the Thule culture.


The people made copper arrows, spear heads, ulu blades, chisels, harpoons, and knives for both personal use and for trade amongst other Inuit.

In addition to the copper products, Copper Inuit soapstone products were highly regarded in the Bering Strait trade network.


The Coppermine River is a river in the North Slave and Kitikmeot regions of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut in Canada… The river was named for the copper ores which could be found along the lower river.

Bloody Falls, part of the Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park, is located 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi) from Kugluktuk, and was home to the Kogluktogmiut a sub-group of the Copper Inuit.

Which leaves the independent observer wondering whether:

1) The “Icelandic sagas” describing the settlement of Greenland [in 985] are pure pulp fiction.

2) The Native Copper found around Victoria Island was also highly regarded by the tin miners in the Middle Settlement of Greenland before the Heinsohn Horizon.


Erik Thorvaldsson (950 – c. 1003), known as Erik the Red was a Norwegian Viking, remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland.

After spending the winter in Iceland, Erik returned to Greenland in 985 with a large number of colonists.

Icelandic saga accounts of life in Greenland were composed in the 13th century and later, and do not constitute primary sources for the history of early Norse Greenland.

Coincidently, the Sea Peoples are eerily similar to the Vikings who were active seafaring raiders for about 273 years between 793 and 1066 AD.

The Heinsohn Sandwich contains 277 years of history that are wedged between the Arabian Horizon [637 CE] and the Heinsohn Horizon [914 CE].

In essence, these 277 years in the Heinsohn Sandwich provide most of the 300 years worth of history the mainstream has [somehow] smeared across a 1,000 years in the 1st millennium.

The implication of the Heinsohn Sandwich is that the Arabian Horizon [637 CE] represents a dramatic loss of historical records and knowledge.




Perhaps it’s time to look for some evidence of smelting…

Gallery | This entry was posted in Arabian Horizon, Catastrophism, Greenland, Heinsohn Horizon, History, Red Score - Walam Olum. Bookmark the permalink.

7 Responses to The Red Score: Copper Calls

  1. thx1138 says:

    What fuel did they use for smelting? Why does the mainstream need their narrative so badly?

  2. malagabay says:

    “What fuel did they use for smelting?”

    Greenland currently has drift wood, some “mummified” wood and coal.

    Ellesmere Island currently has drift wood, lots of “mummified” wood and coal.

    Even more surprising is that this “mummified” wood [that we are told is millions of years old] burns “just like wood you would find anywhere today”


    However, things might have been a bit different [say] 2,000 years ago.

    “Why does the mainstream need their narrative so badly?”

    I’ll leave you to work that one out…

  3. malagabay says:

    They sure did get about.

    Up Hill and Down Vale.

    Loaded down with weapons, supplies and booty
    they dragged their boats across Europe….

    The Varangians was the name given by Greeks and East Slavs to Vikings, who between the 9th and 11th centuries ruled the medieval state of Kievan Rus’ and formed the Byzantine Varangian Guard.

  4. Pingback: The Red Score: Otto von Sadovszky | MalagaBay

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