Shaping Scotland In Two Shakes

shaping-scotland

Ancient maps are frequently held in high esteem for their artistic qualities.

nicolaus-germanus-scandinavia-1467

But many observers simply dismiss the content of these ancient maps because modern maps are very different and very accurate.

These differences are particularly stark when [for example] reviewing an ancient map that includes Scotland.

ptolemy-cosmographia-1467-british-isles

However, ignoring these strange and unfamiliar maps can be a big mistake because ancient cartographers understood that the Earth’s geography changes over time.

compare-1606-vs-2006

The second redeeming feature of the Zeno Map is that it neatly dovetails with the narrative of Atlantic Expansion that’s been well documented by cartographers since [at least] 1606.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/04/iceland-goes-south/

For example, many generations of cartographers updated the Gazetteer in Ptolemy’s Cosmographia with the latest longitude and latitude values as they changed over time.

ptolemy-coordinates-change-over-time

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/10/17/the-arabian-horizon-the-ptolemy-inheritance/

The Geography, also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.

Originally written by Claudius Ptolemy in Greek at Alexandria around AD 150, the work was a revision of a now-lost atlas by Marinus of Tyre using additional Roman and Persian gazetteers and new principles.

The Geography consists of three sections, divided among 8 books.

Book I is a treatise on cartography, describing the methods used to assemble and arrange Ptolemy’s data.

From Book II through the beginning of Book VII, a gazetteer provides longitude and latitude values for the world known to the ancient Romans (the “ecumene”).

The rest of Book VII provides details on three projections to be used for the construction of a map of the world, varying in complexity and fidelity.

Book VIII constitutes an atlas of regional maps.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_%28Ptolemy%29

Therefore, it should really come as no surprise that the strange and quirky map of Scotland [drafted by Nicolaus Germanus in 1467] fits snugly with the modern bathymetry of the North Sea.

north-sea-alignment

Doggerland was an area now beneath the southern North Sea that connected Great Britain to continental Europe

In July 2012, the results of a fifteen-year study of Doggerland by the universities of St Andrews, Dundee, and Aberdeen, including artefacts survey results, were displayed at the Royal Society in London.

Richard Bates of St Andrews University said:

“We have speculated for years on the lost land’s existence from bones dredged by fishermen all over the North Sea, but it’s only since working with oil companies in the last few years that we have been able to re-create what this lost land looked like.…
We have now been able to model its flora and fauna, build up a picture of the ancient people that lived there and begin to understand some of the dramatic events that subsequently changed the land, including the sea rising and a devastating tsunami.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doggerland

The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

For the most part, the sea lies on the European continental shelf with a mean depth of 90 metres (300 ft).

The only exception is the Norwegian trench, which extends parallel to the Norwegian shoreline from Oslo to an area north of Bergen. It is between 20 and 30 kilometres (12 and 19 mi) wide and has a maximum depth of 725 metres (2,379 ft).

The Dogger Bank, a vast moraine, or accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris, rises to a mere 15 to 30 metres (50–100 ft) below the surface.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea

The Devil’s Hole is a group of deep trenches in the North Sea about 200 km (125 mi) east of Dundee, Scotland.

Soundings showed that the surrounding seabed is between 80 and 90 metres (260 – 300 ft) but the trenches are as deep as 230 m (750 ft).

They run in a north-south direction and are on average between 1 and 2 km (.6 – 1.25 mi) in width and 20 to 30 km (12 – 18 mi) long.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devil’s_Hole_%28North_Sea%29

If the Nicolaus Germanus map of Scotland is accepted at face value then we are presented with the curious conundrum of how exactly Scotland morphed into it’s current familiar form shown on modern maps.

Solving this mystery is like piecing together a jigsaw puzzle.

After some trial and error it becomes apparent the only way this ancient form of Scotland can morph into its current shape is by splitting Scotland into two independent pieces which can move independently.

This insight reveals the disintegration of Doggerland was a two step operation and that Eastern Scotland was initially separated from the British mainland by the Doggerland outflow channel.

The first step nudged Western Scotland [along with English & Wales] Northwards.

This Northward nudge appears to have damned Doggerland’s natural Northern drainage channel [in the gap between the ancient two piece Scotland] and created a [roughly] circular depression that rapidly began to fill with water.

The expansion of the freshly damned Doggerland lake [aka the North Sea] ultimately created a Southerly overflow channel which is now known as the English Channel.

The 1467 Germanus map of Scotland captures the configuration after this first step.

The second step in the transformation is far more catastrophic.

The Western section of Scotland rotates anti-clockwise by about 90° whilst the Eastern section of Scotland performs an amazing back-flip that arcs through [about] 180°.

north-sea-animation

Although this scenario may sound preposterous there is clear supporting evidence because the boundaries of the ancient two piece Scotland align with the Great Glen Fault and the Highland Boundary Fault.

Aligned northeast to southwest, the Great Glen Fault extends further southwest in a straight line through Loch Linnhe and the Firth of Lorne, and then on into northwestern Ireland, directly through Lough Foyle, Donegal Bay and Clew Bay.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Glen_Fault

The Highland Boundary Fault is a major fault zone that traverses Scotland from Arran and Helensburgh on the west coast to Stonehaven in the east.

It separates two distinctly different physiographic and geological terrains: the Highlands from the Lowlands, and in most places it is recognisable as a change in topography.

Where rivers cross the fault, they often pass through gorges, and the associated waterfalls can be a barrier to salmon migration.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_Boundary_Fault

scotland_metamorphic_zones

To the north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault lie hard Precambrian and Cambrian metamorphic rocks: marine deposits metamorphosed to schists, phyllites and slates, namely the Dalradian Supergroup and the Highland Border Ophiolite suite.

To the south and east are Old Red Sandstone conglomerates and sandstones: softer, sedimentary rocks of the Devonian and Carboniferous periods.

Between these areas lie the quite different rocks of the Highland Border Complex (at one time called the Highland Boundary Complex), a weakly metamorphosed sedimentary sequence of sandstones, lavas, limestones, mudstones and conglomerates.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_Boundary_Fault

scotland-geology

In other words: ancient Eastern Scotland was transformed into the Grampian Mountains.

grampian-mountains

The Grampian Mountains or Grampians (Am Monadh in Gaelic) are one of the three major mountain ranges in Scotland, occupying a considerable portion of the Scottish Highlands in northeast Scotland.

The range extends southwest to northeast between the Highland Boundary Fault and the Great Glen, occupying almost half of the land-area of Scotland and including the Cairngorms and the Lochaber hills.

The range includes many of the highest mountains in the British Isles, including Ben Nevis and Ben Macdui the two highest.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grampian_Mountains

The official mainstream dating for this second step in the catastrophic Shaping of Scotland places these events somewhere between the original production of Ptolemy’s Cosmographia in [about] 150 CE and the drafting of the map by Germanus in 1467 CE.

The Old Japanese Cedar Tree chronology clearly highlights two catastrophic events during the 1st millennium: 637 CE [Arabian Horizon] and 914 CE [Heinsohn Horizon].

Therefore, it’s very likely that the catastrophic second step events occurred in 914 CE.

the-revise-roman-timeline

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/05/12/the-roman-time-line-and-the-heinsohn-horizon/

This timing conforms to the cartographic evidence that clearly documents the separation of Europe from North America as the North Atlantic expanded during the 2nd millennium.

1390-vs-1606-map-comparison

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/06/finding-frisland/

Aligned northeast to southwest, the Great Glen Fault extends further southwest in a straight line through Loch Linnhe and the Firth of Lorne, and then on into northwestern Ireland, directly through Lough Foyle, Donegal Bay and Clew Bay.

The fault continues on the North American side of the North Atlantic Ocean, but is no longer part of a contiguous fault, as the complete fault was broken when the Mid-Atlantic Ridge formed 200 million years ago.

The North American side of the fault runs through the length of northwestern Newfoundland, Canada, as the Cabot Fault (Long Range Fault) and on into the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It is at least 300 miles (480 km) long.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Glen_Fault

This second step in the catastrophic Shaping of Scotland explains why the last remaining vestiges of Doggerland were swept away by a “catastrophic” tsunami which buried many mainland settlements under a thick blanket of mud.

Analysis suggests the tsunami over-ran Doggerland, a low-lying landmass that has since vanished beneath the waves.

Prof Vince Gaffney, an archaeologist at the University of Birmingham, said: “I think they (the researchers) are probably right, because the tsunami would have been a catastrophic event.”

Prehistoric North Sea ‘Atlantis’ hit by 5m tsunami
BBC News – Paul Rincon – 1 May 2014

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-27224243

Reconstructions of Viking port towns of the 8th-10th c. CE supposedly not
needed from 1-700 CE when wading through treacherous surf would do.

hedeby-reconstruction

Vikings For 700 Years Without Sails, Ports, and Towns?
Gunnar Heinsohn – June 2014

http://www.q-mag.org/_media/heinsohn-viking-pdf-062014.pdf

excavation-hedeby-1937

Hedeby was an important Viking Age (8th to the 11th centuries) trading settlement near the southern end of the Jutland Peninsula, now in the Schleswig-Flensburg district of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedeby

No wonder, centuries later, so many curious Europeans wanted to explore this New World.

The New World is one of the names used for the Earth’s Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).

The term originated in the early 16th century after Europeans made landfall in what would later be called the Americas in the age of discovery, expanding the geographical horizon of classical geographers, who had thought of the world as consisting of Africa, Europe, and Asia, collectively now referred to as the Old World (a.k.a. Afro-Eurasia).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_World

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18 Responses to Shaping Scotland In Two Shakes

  1. Rotating Scotland by that much is a wee difficult to explain tectonically. Mind you I’ve noticed the Scottish anomaly but if it was rotated into its present position, then the rock types have to be metamorphic and dominated by severe internal slippage, schists, and as the motion is counter-clockwise, or sinistral, then there will have to be an abundance of supporting structures at the micro and macro level.

    Interesting.

      • malagabay says:

        A similar “extreme tectonic rotation” has been suggested for the “Cowhole Mountains crustal block” south of Death Valley in California.

        Curiously, two resultants in the Cowhole Mountains of southeastern California dip to the north or northwest, nearly 180° from the regional south to south-southwest pattern in the same general area (Marzolf, 1983b; Porter, 1985).

        This may be the result of extreme local variation in wind patterns due to the influence of topography where the erg lapped onto topographic highs of the magmatic arc.

        However, it seems more likely to have been the product of extreme tectonic rotation of the Cowhole Mountains crustal block about a vertical axis due to movement on nearby strike-slip faults (Marzolf, 1983b), as is known to have occurred later in the same general area (Carter et al., 1987).

        Pennsylvanian to Jurassic Eolian Transportation Systems In The Western United States
        Fred Peterson – Sedimentary Geology, 56 (1988) 207-260

        https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/cf70/7532f586fd8d3e163639c328e3f408634a6f.pdf

      • malagabay says:

        The noted “200 degree rotation” is also discussed in the following paper:

        This reveals a consistent counterclockwise sense of rotation across the study area, with rotation magnitudes varying from 30° (Qastal Maaf locality), through 99° (North Coast locality) and 160° (BAK/QT locality), reaching a maximum of 226° (West Coast locality).

        The possibility that the larger rotations occurred in a clockwise sense can not be excluded.

        Palaeomagnetic Results from The Baër-Bassit Ophiolite of Northern Syria and Their Implication for Fold Tests in Sheeted Dyke Terrains
        A. Morris and M.W. Anderson
        Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Parts A/B/C 27(25):1215-1222 – Dec 2002

        https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248550081_Palaeomagnetic_results_from_the_Baer-Bassit_ophiolite_of_northern_Syria_and_their_implication_for_fold_tests_in_sheeted_dyke_terrains

  2. thx1138 says:

    So, did God damn Doggerland, or did dinosauran beavers dam it?

    This is not how mountains are formed, and once again, this tectonic idea has been falsified, so another explanation should be sought.

  3. malagabay says:

    The following comment is posted on behalf of Gunnar Heinsohn.
    * * * * *
    It sounds daring. Yet, when the Tiwanaku culture (peaking 600-900 CE; handling stones of up to 130 metric tons) ) was wiped out in the 10th century CE its location was lifted to nearly 4000 meters above sea level. Therefore, the area is known as the Altiplano (also Andean Plateau or Bolivian Plateau). It has an average height of 3,750 m, and is the second largest as well as second highest after the Tibetan Plateau. It extends over 170,000 km2 but still has not a single river reaching the ocean (a rare case of inland drainage). Lake Titicaca (8,300 km2; 900 km3 of water) must have formed in the 10th c. cataclysm because a submerged temple (200 x 50 m) was discovered beneath its surface in 2000 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/892616.stm). The Altiplano also holds a salt lake, Lake Poopó (between 1,000 and 3,500 km2; dry since December 2015). It was irregularly connected to another salt lake (or salt desert), Salar de Coipasa (2,218 km2 at 3,680 m above seal level). Active hot steam and sulfur sources around the Altiplano are witness to a very young volcanism. Still active are, e’s.g., Ampato (6,288 m), Tutpaca (5,816 m), Parinacota (6,348 m), Guallatiri (6,071 m), Paruma (5,728 m), Uturunku (6,008 m), Licancabur (5,916 m), Illampu (6,368 m), Huayna Potosi (6,088 m), Janq’u Uma (6,427 m), and Illimani (6,438 m). Nobody knows the height of the area now forming the Altiplano before the 10th c. disaster. The same is true of the force that could lift 170,000 km2.
    Gunnar Heinsohn
    * * * * *

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  6. Thank you for these posts. I still have to go through some, slowly – to absorb better-, however this one prompts me to make a quick reply.
    This particular thread centres on what can be termed ‘abrupt’ geographical/geological change. The examples given are clear, quite clear, but equally quite difficult to accept (or more likely for the human being – difficult to stomach; a bitter pill). I link an example below, of man-made structure (yes calendars again), where these show such rotation, as when built, they were all axially aligned to the horizon point where the sun rose on the equinox day (~East). What is inferred is obvious.

  7. Brian Kerr says:

    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7tNytHUfXLXrwuYI3mxjvw … Ferrophotos (magnet field imprints), ferrocells, magnet field interactions, fields in magnet field viewing film.

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  9. Tenuc says:

    What an intriguing idea! However, I think the scale of this event could be far bigger than just twisting a bit of Scotland around. The clue to the scale of this disaster lies in that strange geographic feature, the Altiplano, but I don’t think it has anything to do with the plateau being thrust up.

    Rather I think the Pacific Ocean was once a huge enclosed salt lake with its surface some 4,000 metres above the rest of the rest of the oceans of the world. The observed devastation occurred after the sudden collapse of one of its retaining walls freed a huge wall of water which. This huge sudden seething mass of water had enough force to rearrange many of the features of the world and even altered our planet’s angle of tilt. The tectonic movement we observe today is simply the aftereffects of that catastrophic event and this will likely continue at an ever decreasing rate until our planet regains its perfect balance again.

    • This post raises the matter of the Planet’s change of angle of tilt (obliquity). There is evidence that tilt changes occurred – more than once, at least four times in the Holocene. The first record of that comes from Herodotus who quotes the Egyptian priests saying that four times the sun changed its place of rising/setting. Another, Pomponius Mela claims that four times the stars changed their course. And Plato – “declination…of the heavens..”

      Such changes alter the sun’s horizon movement from equinox to solstice. Again four changes are recorded in the megalithic calendars. The tilt changes appear to be a secondary response to cyclic dynamic instability, a characteristic of planet Earth.

      This appears far-fetched and complicated; except 1) such evidence is recorded. 2) such changes are destructive in nature, leaving evidence in several proxies from different sources, 3) are supported by archaeological evidence, and 4) the dating provided by proxies ties in well with archaeology, 5) — and explain why ‘established’ academia is lost when it comes to explaining the earth’s history, particularly the recurring glaciations.

      For timing of changes look here: https://www.facebook.com/melitamegalithic/photos/a.720935154747959.1073741864.430211163820361/720935241414617/?type=3&theater

      A reason for the periodic abrupt changes may be as explained by a theory “Climate Friction” by D Rubincam.

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