Back in May 2016 I attempted to reconcile the Old Japanese Cedar Tree Chronology with the mainstream Roman Time Line based upon the assumption that natural disasters were the underlying reasons for the collapse of the Roman Empire.
The revised splicing also implies natural disasters were the underlying reasons for the collapse in the Purity of Roman Coins and the disintegration of the Roman Empire.
Having recently acquired some additional data points it’s now possible to refine the reconciliation.
The first step in the revised reconciliation is a minor adjustment to align the Sand Layer from the Glen Turret Fan Chronology with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 760 CE.
The next steps in the reconciliation process will be driven by the identified natural disasters and [by default] it’s assumed the mainstream Roman Time Line has been sliced and diced to align with other historical narratives.
Therefore, the next step in the reconciliation is to align the beginning of the Roman Time Line with the end of Ancient Greece somewhere around 600 CE.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th-9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD).
The mainstream Roman Greece Splice appears to be defined by the crushing of the entire Greek peninsula in 88 BC and it’s subsequent assimilation as the province of Achaea in 27 BC.
The Greek peninsula came under Roman rule during the 146 BC conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth.
Macedonia became a Roman province while southern Greece came under the surveillance of Macedonia’s prefect; however, some Greek poleis managed to maintain a partial independence and avoid taxation.
The Aegean islands were added to this territory in 133 BC.
Athens and other Greek cities revolted in 88 BC, and the peninsula was crushed by the Roman general Sulla.
The Roman civil wars devastated the land even further, until Augustus organized the peninsula as the province of Achaea in 27 BC.
This splices onto the establishment of the Roman Empire in 27 BC and the natural disaster of 69 AD i.e. the Year of the Four Emperors.
Octavian’s power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively marking the end of the Roman Republic.
The Year of the Four Emperors was a year in the history of the Roman Empire, AD 69, in which four emperors ruled in succession: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian.
The suicide of the emperor Nero in 68 was followed by a brief period of civil war, the first Roman civil war since Mark Antony’s death in 30 BC.
The reconciliation of the Roman Greece Splice suggests the crushing of the entire Greek peninsula in 88 BC is associated with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 607 CE and that the Year of the Four Emperors in 69 AD was triggered by the sand layer associated with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 760 CE.
The final step in the reconciliation is to align the Roman Termination Events with the High Middle Ages that starts at about 1,001 CE.
The Year of the Five Emperors refers to the year 193 AD, in which there were five claimants for the title of Roman Emperor.
The Year of the Six Emperors was the year 238 AD, during which six people were recognised as emperors of Rome.
Theodosius I, the last emperor to rule over both East and West, died in 395 AD after making Christianity the official religion of the empire.
The High Middle Ages or High Medieval Period was the period of European history around the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries (c. 1001–1300).
The Roman Termination Events slot neatly into position centred upon the Year of the Six Emperors in 238 AD which aligns with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 912 CE.
The above reconciliation suggests the official mainstream Roman Empire Narrative is severely compromised and the independent observation should be aware of [amongst many other things] the following possibilities:
1) The Roman Empire effectively lasted for 244 years [668 CE – 912 CE] and that the mainstream narrative covering this period [27 BC – 238 AD] includes 21 phantom years.
2) The Roman advance into Scotland represented by the construction of the the Antonine Wall [officially started in 142 AD] was probably facilitated by the Scottish Deformation that occurred in 867 CE.
Hadrian’s Wall (Latin: Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts’ Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in 122 AD in the reign of the emperor Hadrian.
The Antonine Wall, known to the Romans as Vallum Antonini, was a turf fortification on stone foundations, built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde.
In 1839 Charles Darwin observed evidence indicating the “rising of the land” in Glen Roy and this was coincidentally confirmed in 2015 by the 29° inclination of the annual sedimentary layers of the Glen Turret Fan in upper Glen Roy.
3) The series of civil war victories attributed to Constantine the Great are possibly attributable to the perihelion of Comet Halley in 989 CE.
Constantine the Great (c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine (in the Orthodox Church as Saint Constantine the Great, Equal-to-the-Apostles), was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD.
Acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father’s death in 306 AD, Constantine emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against the emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD.
Constantine was a ruler of major importance, and he has always been a controversial figure.
The fluctuations in Constantine’s reputation reflect the nature of the ancient sources for his reign.
These are abundant and detailed, but have been strongly influenced by the official propaganda of the period, and are often one-sided.
The Byzantine calendar, also called “Creation Era of Constantinople” or “Era of the World”, was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
It was also the official calendar of the Byzantine Empire from 988 to 1453, and of Kievan Rus’ and Russia from c. 988 to 1700.
4) The perihelion of Comet Halley in March 1066 CE [that appears to have officially extinguished the last flickering embers of the First Roman Empire] probably cleared a path for the Second Roman Invasion of England [aka Norman Conquest] in October 1066.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
Sources differ on the exact site that the English fought on: some sources state the site of the abbey, but some newer sources suggest it was Caldbec Hill.
Therefore, the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 was primarily a co-ordinated Viking Mercenary Invasion on behalf of the Roman Catholic Church and thus probably qualifies as the Second Roman Invasion of England.
No wonder the Romans thought their gods had turned against them [H/T Saucy Chaucer].
As the difficult third century progressed, Roman began to believe that their gods had turned against them.
The empire was no longer in favor.
To avoid bad luck, many people looked to the night sky for good luck.
The patterns of the stars were thought to warn people of events to come.
The Fall of the Roman Empire (Revised Edition) – Rita J. Marke – 2008
The Christian fear of comets
Based upon astrological tradition, as well as the belief in portents that were held in antiquity, towards the end of the Middle Ages an interpretation of comets developed that was based on Christianity.
Calling on biblical references, comets were interpreted as a sign from God of the imminent end of the world.
In the Gospel according to Luke, we have: “… there will be great earthquakes, and famines and plagues in many places; in the sky terrors and great portents.” (Luke 21:11)
And in the Revelations of John there are suggestions of comets in the description of the end of the world: “… and a great star shot from the sky, flaming like a torch…” (Revelations, 8:10)
A few centuries later it again came into sight from the Earth, in 1456, three years after the capture of Constantinople by the Turks.
Feeling ran high in Europe, and this celestial omen was taken for a proof of the anger of the Almighty.
The moment was decisive; the Christians had to be rescued from a struggle in which they were being worsted.
At this conjuncture, Pope Calixtus resuscitated a prayer that had fallen into disuse, the Angelus; and ordered that the bells of the churches should be rung each day at noon, that the Faithful might join at the same hour in prayer against the Turks and the Comet.
This custom has lasted down to our own day.
Astronomy For Amateurs – Camille Flammarion – 1904
The World of Comets – Amédée Guillemin – 1877