Comet Halley and the Roman Time Line

Back in May 2016 I attempted to reconcile the Old Japanese Cedar Tree Chronology with the mainstream Roman Time Line based upon the assumption that natural disasters were the underlying reasons for the collapse of the Roman Empire.

The revised splicing also implies natural disasters were the underlying reasons for the collapse in the Purity of Roman Coins and the disintegration of the Roman Empire.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/05/12/the-roman-time-line-and-the-heinsohn-horizon/

Having recently acquired some additional data points it’s now possible to refine the reconciliation.

The first step in the revised reconciliation is a minor adjustment to align the Sand Layer from the Glen Turret Fan Chronology with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 760 CE.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/03/01/the-fold-up-beds-of-glen-roy/

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/03/19/close-encounters-of-the-cometary-kind/

The next steps in the reconciliation process will be driven by the identified natural disasters and [by default] it’s assumed the mainstream Roman Time Line has been sliced and diced to align with other historical narratives.

Therefore, the next step in the reconciliation is to align the beginning of the Roman Time Line with the end of Ancient Greece somewhere around 600 CE.

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th-9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece#Roman_Greece

The mainstream Roman Greece Splice appears to be defined by the crushing of the entire Greek peninsula in 88 BC and it’s subsequent assimilation as the province of Achaea in 27 BC.

Roman Greece
The Greek peninsula came under Roman rule during the 146 BC conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth.

Macedonia became a Roman province while southern Greece came under the surveillance of Macedonia’s prefect; however, some Greek poleis managed to maintain a partial independence and avoid taxation.

The Aegean islands were added to this territory in 133 BC.

Athens and other Greek cities revolted in 88 BC, and the peninsula was crushed by the Roman general Sulla.

The Roman civil wars devastated the land even further, until Augustus organized the peninsula as the province of Achaea in 27 BC.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece#Roman_Greece

This splices onto the establishment of the Roman Empire in 27 BC and the natural disaster of 69 AD i.e. the Year of the Four Emperors.

Octavian’s power was then unassailable and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively marking the end of the Roman Republic.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire

The Year of the Four Emperors was a year in the history of the Roman Empire, AD 69, in which four emperors ruled in succession: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian.

The suicide of the emperor Nero in 68 was followed by a brief period of civil war, the first Roman civil war since Mark Antony’s death in 30 BC.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Year_of_the_Four_Emperors

The reconciliation of the Roman Greece Splice suggests the crushing of the entire Greek peninsula in 88 BC is associated with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 607 CE and that the Year of the Four Emperors in 69 AD was triggered by the sand layer associated with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 760 CE.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/05/13/the-wroxeter-chronicles-broken-red-sandstone/

The final step in the reconciliation is to align the Roman Termination Events with the High Middle Ages that starts at about 1,001 CE.

The Year of the Five Emperors refers to the year 193 AD, in which there were five claimants for the title of Roman Emperor.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Year_of_the_Five_Emperors

The Year of the Six Emperors was the year 238 AD, during which six people were recognised as emperors of Rome.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Year_of_the_Six_Emperors

Theodosius I, the last emperor to rule over both East and West, died in 395 AD after making Christianity the official religion of the empire.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire

The High Middle Ages or High Medieval Period was the period of European history around the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries (c. 1001–1300).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Middle_Ages

The Roman Termination Events slot neatly into position centred upon the Year of the Six Emperors in 238 AD which aligns with the perihelion of Comet Halley in 912 CE.

The above reconciliation suggests the official mainstream Roman Empire Narrative is severely compromised and the independent observation should be aware of [amongst many other things] the following possibilities:

1) The Roman Empire effectively lasted for 244 years [668 CE – 912 CE] and that the mainstream narrative covering this period [27 BC – 238 AD] includes 21 phantom years.

2) The Roman advance into Scotland represented by the construction of the the Antonine Wall [officially started in 142 AD] was probably facilitated by the Scottish Deformation that occurred in 867 CE.

Hadrian’s Wall (Latin: Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts’ Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in 122 AD in the reign of the emperor Hadrian.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadrian’s_Wall

The Antonine Wall, known to the Romans as Vallum Antonini, was a turf fortification on stone foundations, built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonine_Wall

In 1839 Charles Darwin observed evidence indicating the “rising of the land” in Glen Roy and this was coincidentally confirmed in 2015 by the 29° inclination of the annual sedimentary layers of the Glen Turret Fan in upper Glen Roy.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/03/01/the-fold-up-beds-of-glen-roy/

3) The series of civil war victories attributed to Constantine the Great are possibly attributable to the perihelion of Comet Halley in 989 CE.

Constantine the Great (c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine (in the Orthodox Church as Saint Constantine the Great, Equal-to-the-Apostles), was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD.

Acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father’s death in 306 AD, Constantine emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against the emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 AD.

Constantine was a ruler of major importance, and he has always been a controversial figure.

The fluctuations in Constantine’s reputation reflect the nature of the ancient sources for his reign.

These are abundant and detailed, but have been strongly influenced by the official propaganda of the period, and are often one-sided.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_the_Great

The Byzantine calendar, also called “Creation Era of Constantinople” or “Era of the World”, was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

It was also the official calendar of the Byzantine Empire from 988 to 1453, and of Kievan Rus’ and Russia from c. 988 to 1700.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_calendar

4) The perihelion of Comet Halley in March 1066 CE [that appears to have officially extinguished the last flickering embers of the First Roman Empire] probably cleared a path for the Second Roman Invasion of England [aka Norman Conquest] in October 1066.

The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.

Sources differ on the exact site that the English fought on: some sources state the site of the abbey, but some newer sources suggest it was Caldbec Hill.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hastings

Therefore, the Norman Conquest of England in 1066 was primarily a co-ordinated Viking Mercenary Invasion on behalf of the Roman Catholic Church and thus probably qualifies as the Second Roman Invasion of England.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2015/06/25/who-was-norman/

No wonder the Romans thought their gods had turned against them [H/T Saucy Chaucer].

As the difficult third century progressed, Roman began to believe that their gods had turned against them.

The empire was no longer in favor.

To avoid bad luck, many people looked to the night sky for good luck.

The patterns of the stars were thought to warn people of events to come.

The Fall of the Roman Empire (Revised Edition) – Rita J. Marke – 2008
https://books.google.es/books?id=qpKXAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA59

The Christian fear of comets
Based upon astrological tradition, as well as the belief in portents that were held in antiquity, towards the end of the Middle Ages an interpretation of comets developed that was based on Christianity.

Calling on biblical references, comets were interpreted as a sign from God of the imminent end of the world.

In the Gospel according to Luke, we have: “… there will be great earthquakes, and famines and plagues in many places; in the sky terrors and great portents.” (Luke 21:11)

And in the Revelations of John there are suggestions of comets in the description of the end of the world: “… and a great star shot from the sky, flaming like a torch…” (Revelations, 8:10)

Atlas of Great Comets – Ronald Stoyan – 2015
See: https://www.amazon.com/dp/110709349X/ https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/110709349X/

A few centuries later it again came into sight from the Earth, in 1456, three years after the capture of Constantinople by the Turks.

Feeling ran high in Europe, and this celestial omen was taken for a proof of the anger of the Almighty.

The moment was decisive; the Christians had to be rescued from a struggle in which they were being worsted.

At this conjuncture, Pope Calixtus resuscitated a prayer that had fallen into disuse, the Angelus; and ordered that the bells of the churches should be rung each day at noon, that the Faithful might join at the same hour in prayer against the Turks and the Comet.

This custom has lasted down to our own day.

Astronomy For Amateurs – Camille Flammarion – 1904
https://archive.org/stream/astronomyforamat00flam/astronomyforamat00flam#page/176/mode/1up

The World of Comets – Amédée Guillemin – 1877
https://archive.org/details/worldofcomets00guiluoft

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13 Responses to Comet Halley and the Roman Time Line

  1. rishrac says:

    If ‘n comets brought about cool periods, temperatures would still be about the same or higher since the end of the last ice age. In other words, the temperature would have continued to rise as they did in other interglaciers. How gravel or the black earth got laid down is somewhat of a mystery, there is the electro machining, because I would think it would have burnt up in the atmosphere. In one of the previous pictures of the black earth line looked similar to the line that brought about the end of the dinosaurs. I had no idea how the black earth could have gotten there. A close encounter with a comet makes a lot of sense.
    Excellent work.

  2. thx1138 says:

    Are there no written records of these termination events at all?

    • malagabay says:

      There probably are some written records somewhere… but identifying and validating them is a huge problem after a thousand years of transcription, translation and transmogrification by clerics, courtiers and collegiate charlatans.

      • What is frequently not realised is that natural catastrophes preferentially kill off the societies literate people who inevitably are also the ruling elite living in urbanised areas. Destroy the transport system and hence commerce, city or urban dwellers will not survive. Those who do survive are the illiterate nomads living at the subsistence level.

        So who remembers to write down what happened last catastrophe? No one.

        Mick Bailey pointed in one of his books that the 6thC AD meteorite strike obliterated the western Irish peoples, and no one in Europe would have known about it to record it, assuming europeans managed to survive that event.

        So he past is fabricated by the survivors, most of whom are illiterate and probably, as Velikovsky sensed, psychologically damaged goods.

  3. rishrac says:

    By accident, our family has a preserved long history. During some of that time members were in the elite class. In one generation they went from being well educated to being illiterate, where their own children didn’t know how to read and write. The will to survive can do that. That happened in Korea as well among the ruling elite. They disappeared into Japan. We transformed into Yan Ki. Not all who survived were damaged goods.

  4. thx1138 says:

    I was thinking along the lines of the more than 4 million documents left in the form of petroglyphs and pictographs all over the world which recorded perhaps the most severe of termination events experienced by mankind. These petroglyphs were discovered by Anthony Peratt and his team.

    I think that these events occurred somewhere between 3000 and 12000 Years BC.

    • thx1138 says:

      So to complete my thought it just seems to me that someone would have recorded on Papyrus or sheepskin a recounting of these events.

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  6. malagabay says:

    H/T: daveyoung52
    Would ‘Caesars Comet’, obviously, at the start of the Julian Calendar, fit the 650+/-event, if it could actually be proved to be fact?

    Caesar’s Comet (numerical designation C/-43 K1) – also known as Comet Caesar and the Great Comet of 44 BC – was perhaps the most famous comet of antiquity.

    Its seven-day visitation was interpreted by Romans as a sign of the deification of recently assassinated dictator, Julius Caesar (100–44 BC).

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesar's_Comet

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