Flipping Geology: Exothermic Processes

Earth Scientists have more than a few problems Settling the Science that’s embedded in their medieval mysticism.

On the one hand:

The Geothermal Gradient defined by the Earth Scientists has recently acquired an additional 5 °C per kilometre.

In deep boreholes, the temperature of the rock below the inflection point generally increases with depth at rates of the order of 20 K/km or more

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermal_gradient&oldid=221609576

Away from tectonic plate boundaries, it is about 25 °C per km of depth (1 °F per 70 feet of depth) near the surface in most of the world.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geothermal_gradient

In science and engineering, degrees Celsius and kelvins are often used simultaneously in the same article, where absolute temperatures are given in degrees Celsius, but temperature intervals are given in kelvins.

°C = K − 273.15

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelvin

On the other hand:

The Earth Scientists have lost some “other sources” that could provide the heat necessary to create their nine concentric circles of Hell within the Earth.

The Earth’s internal heat comes from a combination of residual heat from planetary accretion, heat produced through radioactive decay, and possibly heat from other sources.

An estimated 45 to 90 percent of the heat escaping from the Earth originates from radioactive decay of elements mainly located in the mantle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geothermal_gradient

This loss of some “other sources” of heat is especially careless because [quite frankly] their medieval mysticism is based upon hot air rather than hard data.

Firstly, the Earth Scientists can only speculate about “residual heat from planetary accretion” by invoking medieval mysticism and [equally medieval] mathematical alchemy.

Secondly, the Earth Scientists can only speculate about “radioactive decay” in the mantle because their observational data ends at 12,262 metres i.e. 0.19% of the Earth’s radius.

Thirdly, simply ignoring problems like deep earthquakes doesn’t make the medieval mysticism any more believable.

Earthquakes at shallow depths are a result of stick-slip faulting; however, below about 50 km (31 mi) the hot, high pressure conditions ought to inhibit further seismicity.

The mantle is considered to be viscous and incapable of brittle faulting.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mantle_(geology)

http://ds.iris.edu/ieb/index.html

Fourthly, simply dropping problems down the memory hole doesn’t make the medieval mysticism any more plausible.

Halema’uma’u (Hawaii), the most famous among the long-living lakes of molten lava on Earth, was boiling in the crater of Kilauea from 1823 to 1924, finally disappearing during the Kilauea eruption.

Its level fluctuated up and down, the boiling was sometimes more, sometimes less intensive; many people came to see this fire lake, even from Europe.

Jaggar and his co-workers measured the temperature of the lava lake surface (roughly 1140 °C), and its depth, from 131 m to zero, when the lake was practically dry.

No conduits, connecting the lava lake with the mantle were found, only fractures, but somehow it received its energy from the mantle.

Primordial Hydrogen-Helium Degassing, An Overlooked Major Energy Source
Arie Gilat and Alexander Vol
HAIT Journal of Science and Engineering B – Volume 2 – Issues 1-2 – 2005

http://www.magniel.com/jse/B/vol0201B/vg040720.pdf

Halemaʻumaʻu Crater is a pit crater located within the much larger summit caldera of Kīlauea in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

The roughly circular crater floor is 770 meters (2,530 ft) x 900 m (2,950 ft) and is 83 m (270 ft) below the floor of Kīlauea caldera.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halemaumau_Crater

The same enigma was encountered by Tazieff, when the Nyiragongo Volcano in Zair, Africa, emptied in 1977 the bowl of its crater simultaneously with a small earthquake, flooding during 25 minutes 2,000 hectares with 1,100 °C hot basanite-lava pouring forth through fractures that suddenly opened in the lava lake.

There were no fumaroles inside the crater, and no vertical conduit with convecting liquid magma in the empty crater, and not even a large but empty one.

Primordial Hydrogen-Helium Degassing, An Overlooked Major Energy Source
Arie Gilat and Alexander Vol
HAIT Journal of Science and Engineering B – Volume 2 – Issues 1-2 – 2005

http://www.magniel.com/jse/B/vol0201B/vg040720.pdf

Mount Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,470 metres (11,380 ft) in the Virunga Mountains associated with the Albertine Rift.

It is located inside Virunga National Park, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 20 km (12 mi) north of the town of Goma and Lake Kivu and just west of the border with Rwanda.

The main crater is about two kilometres wide and usually contains a lava lake.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Nyiragongo

Given these problems it’s unsurprising some scientists suspect exothermic reactions are involved.

In thermodynamics, the term exothermic process describes a process or reaction that releases energy from the system to its surroundings, usually in the form of heat, but also in a form of light (e.g. a spark, flame, or flash), electricity (e.g. a battery), or sound (e.g. explosion heard when burning hydrogen).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exothermic

The “Barking Dog” is an exothermic chemical reaction that results from the ignition of a mixture of carbon disulfide and nitrous oxide.

It has been known for centuries; in 1853, Justus von Liebig was using the bright blue flash and the distinctive ‘woof’ sound of the demonstration to enthrall his students.

From Image Description

This is a reaction between carbon disulfide and nitrous oxide.

The equation for this reaction is: carbon disulfide reacts with nitric oxide, which releases carbon dioxide, nitrogen and sulfur, which is then deposited on the walls of the cylinder and which is very inconvenient to wash off.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barking_dog_reaction

For example:

Vladimir Larin [1993] introduced a “whole spectrum of notions as to possible energy sources for magma generation” based upon exothermic processes within the Earth.

This prospect, which follows from our geochemical model of the Earth, opens a whole spectrum of notions as to possible energy sources for magma generation.

Simple calculations show that if silane is injected into the silicate-oxidic shell, the energy of attraction in the Si-O bond represents an exothermic heat capacity sufficient to melt a mass of rock exceeding by perhaps forty times the total mass of the invading silanes.

Hydridic Earth: The New Geology of Our Primordially Hydrogen-Rich Planet
Vladimir N. Larin – Editor on translation: C. Warren Hunt – 1993

http://hydrogen-future.com/en/list-c-larin-en/68-hydridicearthfrompolarpublishing-en.html

And in 2005 Gilat and Vol focussed upon the “intense energy release” of “H- and He-compounds” as they trickle up from the core and bore through a “solid mantle”.

The currently accepted theories concerning terrestrial processes are lacking in accounting for a source of internal energy which:

(a) are quickly focused, e.g. earthquakes and volcanic eruptions;
(b) are of very high density; (c) provide very high velocities of energy release;
(d) have very high density of the energy transport and relatively small losses during transportation over long distances;
(e) are quasi-constantly released and practicallylimitless.

This energy release is always accompanied by H- and He-degassing.

Solid solutions of H and He, and compounds of He with H, O, Si and metals were discovered in laboratory experiments of ultra-high PT-conditions; He-S, He-Cl, He-C, He-N structures can be deduced from their atomic structure and compositions of natural He-reach gases.

Ultra-high PT-conditions exist in the Earth’s interior; hence it seems most likely that some “exotic” compounds are present in the Earth’s core and mantle.

During Earth’s accretion, primordial hydrogen and helium were trapped and stored in the planet interior as H- and He- solutions and compounds, stable only under ultra high PT-conditions that were discovered in recent experiments.

These are described step by step (for each PT-conditions):

H- and He-trickling from the solid; convecting in the liquid core;
flux-melting the solid mantle
and generating gas-liquid (pyromagma) scavenging plums.

H- and He-release from core solutions and incorporating in H-He and other chemical compounds and following gradual decomposition due to decompression are accompanied by intense energy release.

The practically infinite energy source for earth-quakes will be the explosive chain reaction of the H- and He-compounds decomposition, triggered by decompression within the fault zone.

On-going decompression within an upward moving hypocenter accompanied by additional release of energy will cause
(a) decomposition of H- and He-compounds;
(b) release of elemental H, O, C, N, Cl, F, Si, metals, etc., and
(c) new detonation-induced synthesis of H2O, SO2, H2SO4, CO2, H2S, HCL, HF and other compounds.

Thus the manifestations of volcanic eruptions are produced by ascending pyromagma, which melts the surrounding rocks and bores through them under the pressure and heat of continuous explosions (volcanic earthquakes).

3He serves as a unique measuring transformer correlative to the internal heat flow.

Measurements and calculations lead to the conclusion that up to half of the present rate of heat flow from the Earth’s surface is contributed by the above listed chain of H and He-related reactions.

This is amount of energy five times greater than the energy loss involved in earthquake and volcanic activity.

Primordial Hydrogen-Helium Degassing, An Overlooked Major Energy Source
Arie Gilat and Alexander Vol
HAIT Journal of Science and Engineering B – Volume 2 – Issues 1-2 – 2005

http://www.magniel.com/jse/B/vol0201B/vg040720.pdf

The fascinating aspect of Gilat and Vol is that their degassing Earth [with a solid mantle] provides an holistic driving mechanism for localised earthquakes, volcanic activity and rifting.

Their holistic approach can even explain the geological activity associated with sutured terranes [and an Inflating Earth].

In structural geology, a suture is a joining together along a major fault zone, of separate terranes, tectonic units that have different plate tectonic, metamorphic and paleogeographic histories.

The suture is often represented on the surface by an orogen or mountain range.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suture_(geology)

And it’s this holistic connection between earthquakes and volcanic activity that is being observed and documented by Dutchsinse.

The whole process of seismic progression begins from the West Pacific, born from multiple “deep” earthquakes (beyond 300 miles / 400+ km depth) which usually strike below the areas marked with the letter “D” on the map.

Points marked with “X” indicate where the seismic pressure ultimately stops.

Usually it only takes 5-7 days for the seismic pressure to translate out across the whole globe, reaching across continents in days, causing similar sized earthquakes along the way as the pressure transfers from region to region, spreading across vast distances (thousands of miles / km) in a short amount of time.

Global Seismic pressure transfer map – Which way does the planet really “move”?
Dutchsinse.com – Michael Janitch – 28 Nov 2016
https://dutchsinse.com/11282016-global-seismic-pressure-transfer-map-which-way-does-the-planet-really-move/

Unsurprisingly, this holistic approach is causing outrage and alarm amongst the “professionals” who are desperately trying to defend their myopic medieval mysticism.

Professionals still in denial over something I’m using to forecast where to expect earthquakes to happen in a weeks time or less. 3-7 days warning time can be achieved!

When the pressure “transfers” across the solid mass of the solid portions of the plate, it finds weak points to release, such as fracking operation injection wells, oil drilling locations, hot springs, dormant volcanoes, and even some deep mining locations.

Repeatedly, we see deep earthquakes in the 4.0M-5.0M range, occurring at approximately 300-400 miles depth.

These repeat 4-5M earthquakes will happen back and forth, between the West Pacific, and South America / Central America.

Both locations (West and East Pacific) having multiple large volcanic eruptions, some at normally quiet volcanoes.

The unrest in the Asthenosphere (350 miles deep), ALWAYS is shortly followed by larger shallower earthquakes (within approximately 1 week or less).

How to forecast an earthquake – Dutchsinse – 15 Dec 2014
https://sincedutch.wordpress.com/2014/12/15/12152014-how-to-forecast-an-earthquake/

Independent observers are left to ponder whether the Earth’s hydrocarbons and water derive from:

a) Planetary degassing
or
b) Dead organisms with the “water and ice delivered by asteroids, protoplanets, and comets”.

Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fossil_fuel

The origin of the world’s oceans was condensation augmented by water and ice delivered by asteroids, protoplanets, and comets.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formation_of_the_Earth

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2 Responses to Flipping Geology: Exothermic Processes

  1. More reading………..

  2. Pingback: Flipping Geology: Forgotten Friction | MalagaBay

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