Flipping Geology: Forgotten Friction

Having established a mythology based upon Dante’s nine concentric circles of Hell the Earth Scientists then created a cornucopia of co-dependent concepts.

One of their more fabulously creative constructs is the Rock Cycle.

The rock cycle is a basic concept in geology that describes the time-consuming transitions through geologic time among the three main rock types: sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous.

The rock cycle is an illustration that explains how the three rock types are related to each other, and how processes change from one type to another over time.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_cycle

The medieval mysticism of the Rock Cycle includes the metamorphosis of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks into Metamorphic Rocks by applying the twin concepts of devilish deep heat and devilish deep pressure.

Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means “change in form”.

The original rock (protolith) is subjected to heat (temperatures greater than 150 to 200 °C) and pressure (150 megapascals (1,500 bar))[clarify], causing profound physical and/or chemical change.

The protolith may be a sedimentary, an igneous, or even an existing type of metamorphic rock.

Metamorphic rocks make up a large part of the Earth’s crust and form 12% of the Earth’s current land surface.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metamorphic_rock

An example of this metamorphosis is the conversion of Sandstone into Quartzite.

Quartzite is a hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz sandstone.

Sandstone is converted into quartzite through heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression within orogenic belts.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quartzite

According to the Earth Scientists the magic of metamorphosis occurs at depths of between 8 and 24 kilometres [based upon the “typical continental geotherm”].

Introduction to Physical Geology – Dr. Scott T. Marshall
Department of Geology – Appalachian State University

http://www.appstate.edu/~marshallst/GLY1101/lectures/8-Metamorphic_Rocks.pdf

A fundamental tenet of this Ecclesiastical Science stipulates sinful strata is condemned to hell for millions of years before being resurrected as metamorphic rock.

Introduction to Physical Geology – Dr. Scott T. Marshall
Department of Geology – Appalachian State University

http://www.appstate.edu/~marshallst/GLY1101/lectures/8-Metamorphic_Rocks.pdf

The meager available evidence indicates that the full cycle from rock to sediment to rock again, or from rock to magma to rock again, has often taken place in a few hundred million years or less.

The Origin of Metamorphic Rocks – Geology Illustrated – John S Shelton – 1966

Independent observers having problems swallowing this burial and resurrection narrative promoted by the Ecclesiastical Scientists might like to consider forgotten friction.

Geological Setting & Seismic Interpretation – Carlos Cramez
Universidade Fernando Pessoa – Porto, Portugal

http://homepage.ufp.pt/biblioteca/GeolSettingSeisInterpre/GeologicSetting&SeismicInterpretation/Index.htm

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/01/12/crinkle-cut-chips/

When surfaces in contact move relative to each other, the friction between the two surfaces converts kinetic energy into thermal energy (that is, it converts work to heat).

This property can have dramatic consequences, as illustrated by the use of friction created by rubbing pieces of wood together to start a fire.

Kinetic energy is converted to thermal energy whenever motion with friction occurs, for example when a viscous fluid is stirred.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friction

Forgotten friction has a simple beauty where movement invokes malleable metamorphosis.

The simple beauty of forgotten friction provides new perspectives and possibilities.

Dikes aren’t just intruded magma.

Dikes can be magma extruded from strata heated by forgotten friction.

A dike or dyke, in geological usage, is a sheet of rock that formed in a fracture in a pre-existing rock body. Dikes can be either magmatic or sedimentary in origin. Magmatic dikes form when magma intrudes into a crack then crystallizes as a sheet intrusion, either cutting across layers of rock or through an unlayered mass of rock.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dike_(geology)

The simple beauty of forgotten friction litter the annals of mainstream mysticism.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metamorphic_rock

Forgotten friction produces heat for bending and folding rocks at every scale.

The Lewis thrust sheet is one of the major structures of the foreland thrust and fold belt extending over 450 km from Mount Kidd near Calgary, AB in the Southeast Canadian Cordillera to Steamboat Mountain, located west of Great Falls, Northwest Montana in the United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Overthrust

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrust_fault

Forgotten friction also produces the heat required for rock bonding.

Shear is the response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress and forms particular textures.

The process of shearing occurs within brittle, brittle-ductile, and ductile rocks.

Within purely brittle rocks, compressive stress results in fracturing and simple faulting.

Rocks typical of shear zones include mylonite, cataclasite, S-tectonite and L-tectonite, pseudotachylite, certain breccias and highly foliated versions of the wall rocks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shear_(geology)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breccia

The mainstream states: fold mountains “crumple and fold like a tablecloth”.

Fold mountains are mountains that form mainly by the effects of folding on layers within the upper part of the Earth’s crust.

The forces responsible for formation of fold mountains are called orogenic movements.

These forces act at tangent to the surface of the earth and are primarily a result of plate tectonics.

Fold mountains form from sedimentary rocks that accumulate along the margins of continents. When plates and the continents riding on them collide, the accumulated layers of rock may crumple and fold like a tablecloth that is pushed across a table, particularly if there is a mechanically weak layer such as salt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fold_mountains

An equally apt analogy is: fold mountains crumple and fold like drawn curtains.

The Kola Superdeep Borehole suggests the crumple and fold zone ends at a depth of between 2,512 and 3,155 metres below sea level.

The Kola Superdeep Borehole is the result of a scientific drilling project of the Soviet Union in the Pechengsky District, on the Kola Peninsula.
The project attempted to drill as deep as possible into the Earth’s crust.

Drilling began on 24 May 1970 using the Uralmash-4E, and later the Uralmash-15000 series drilling rig. Boreholes were drilled by branching from a central hole.

The deepest, SG-3, reached 12,262 metres (40,230 ft) in 1989 and still is the deepest artificial point on Earth. The borehole is 9 inches (23 cm) in diameter.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kola_superdeep

The width of the continental shelf varies considerably – it is not uncommon for an area to have virtually no shelf at all, particularly where the forward edge of an advancing oceanic plate dives beneath continental crust in an offshore subduction zone such as off the coast of Chile or the west coast of Sumatra.

The largest shelf – the Siberian Shelf in the Arctic Ocean – stretches to 1,500 kilometers (930 mi) in width.

The South China Sea lies over another extensive area of continental shelf, the Sunda Shelf, which joins Borneo, Sumatra, and Java to the Asian mainland.

Other familiar bodies of water that overlie continental shelves are the North Sea and the Persian Gulf.

The average width of continental shelves is about 80 km (50 mi).

The depth of the shelf also varies, but is generally limited to water shallower than 150 m (490 ft).

The slope of the shelf is usually quite low, on the order of 0.5°; vertical relief is also minimal, at less than 20 m (66 ft).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continental_shelf

Without this crumple and fold zone [facilitated by forgotten friction] the oceans would probably cover the entire Earth except for a few volcanic hot spots.

Saline water covers approximately 360,000,000 km2 (140,000,000 sq mi) and is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas, with the ocean covering approximately 71% of Earth’s surface and 90% of the Earth’s biosphere.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean

Personally, I marvel at the beauty of our degassing planet.

It’s the only degassing planet we’ve got.

And it won’t be degassing forever.

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6 Responses to Flipping Geology: Forgotten Friction

  1. Thx1138 says:

    Here’s a little something regarding the political and religious takeover of geology back in the 1800s:

    George Grinnell

    The Origins of Modern Geological Theory*

    “Charles Lyell was a lawyer by profession, and his book [Principles of Geology, 1830-1833] is one of the most brilliant briefs ever published by an advocate … Lyell relied upon true bits of cunning to establish his uniformitarian views as the only true geology. First, he set up a straw man to demolish … In fact, the catastrophists were much more empirically minded than Lyell. The geologic record does seem to require catastrophes: rocks are fractured and contorted; whole faunas are wiped out. To circumvent this literal appearance, Lyell imposed his imagination upon the evidence. The geologic record, he argued, is extremely imperfect and we must interpolate into it what we can reasonably infer but cannot see. The catastrophists were the hard-nosed empiricists of their day, not the blinded theological apologists.”

    Stephen Jay Gould, “Catastrophes and Steady-State Earth”,
    in Natural History, February, 1975, pp. 16, 17.

    http://www.sedin.org/propeng/grinneng.htm

  2. Thank you for an excellent lesson in Geology — and the alternative perspective. Thanks Thx1138 for the bit on Lyell; good to know.
    However the examples given, excellent though they are, are ancient and we were not around to see them. But I have an example were we were on the spot. Its been a hard nut to crack but I (with much help) may sort out. Link here: https://www.facebook.com/melitamegalithic/photos/a.770471453127662.1073741868.430211163820361/770471536460987/?type=3&theater

    The upper pic shows two site; at extreme right is on top of high ground, the other lower in a collapsed area. Lower pic is same but with geologic map superimposed. Earliest calendar in lower location is rotated CW with respect to all contemporary else on the island. It thus seem it was already there when the area collapsed in a cataclysm. There is other corroborating evidence all along the coast. All other calendars after that date are rotated CW some 47 deg, but that particular one is 25-30 more. Date ~5200bce. (established dogma estimate is 5.5 million years)

  3. Earth was created inside a star.
    A star is a pinch phenomenon of a Birkeland filament.
    When Earth left the star, the first part that experienced liberation from the pinch exploded under the strain of the expansion.

    As the released pressure subsided, the expansion of the entire smaller globe of Adam actually helped fill in the magam cavity eposed by this massive loss. The exact spot is somewhere under the Tibetan Plateau. We are told that under the Himalaya has been detected massive amounts of water. The harder, non viscous, cold, continental crust rushed into space, dragging India from Mauritius; China, from the chain of islands and sea mounts 500kms east of current position; etc., etc..

    This happened 6000 or so years ago. Adam was expelled by Eden. Eve was born from his side. This caused the Cancer/Capricorn wobble in the ecliptic.

    Accordingly. I wholeheartedly agree that friction and the emf effects of the pinch have caused havoc and chaos on the surface features of the Earth, to a depth of o a few kilometres only.

    The expanded surface area of Adam was filled with more liquid magma, allowing the H2O to gather in the huge deeps thereby created. Thus, the Fludde/Flood of Noah.

    Genesis is a twisted history of the witnessed events and results of this cosmic expulsion.

    Exodus is the result of the expulsion of Venus. Hence the Hebrew worhsip of Lucifer or YHWH.

    Strangely, (?) Islam worships on the day dedicated to Venus: Freya day or Friday. The Arabic expansion occurred after 572/6 AD and took advantage of some chaos of that time. The Black Stone of Mecca may have been spotted falling to Earth then?

    Keep ’em coming!

    • Evan says:

      Pat,
      What human could have witnessed firsthand the expulsion of Earth from a star, to transmit the story? Is it not more likely that the Eden story was influenced primarily by the celestial drama of the Saturnian configuration above?

  4. Dykes are emplaced in an extensional stress event, so that cracks form at the surface and then the magma escapes upwards filling the gap. Dykes are not the result of magmatic stoping or magma eating its way upwards in the crust.

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