The Miocene Mysteries

If you prefer your history and geology neatly packaged as pre-digested nuggets of politically correct information that are easily swallowed [like supermarket ready meals] then it’s probably best that you stop reading now and return to your preferred internet safe space.

On the other hand, if you are interested in exploring fresh ideas and investigating new perspectives then you might be interested in the Miocene Mysteries that have slowly started to surface in the last couple of years.

The Story So Far

The story begins with Ewald Ernst’s report of a Roman aqueduct that was discovered buried under seven metres of sand and gravel in a lignite strip mine outside Cologne, Germany.

Near Cologne (Rhineland), to give an example, in the lignite area of the Elsbachtal, the gigantig mechanical diggers used to clear away the debris covering the precious coal, a small Roman aqueduct, dated to 224 CE, was brought to light after 7 m of sand and gravel had been removed.

So far, one does not understand the geological mechanism that could have laid down such an immense volume of material strangling a once fertile Roman region.

Toppling of Rome’s Obelisks and Aqueducts – Ewald Ernst – August 2014


This discovery was a Catastrophic embarrassment for the Gradualist mainstream.

This inexplicable discovery then became a catastrophic problem for the mainstream when Louis Hissink reported the Roman aqueduct was buried under Miocene stratigraphy.

This Roman water works is not buried under colluvium, but under, ahem, Miocene stratigraphy.

It’s location in the cross section seems to be wee white features above the basal orange Devonian strata. I think, because no one seems to want to discuss this anachronism.


In fact, this discovery represents an academic clusterfuck of monumental proportions because the mainstream decided the Miocene occurred between 5.33 and 23.03 million years ago.

In other words:

This Roman aqueduct buried under Miocene stratigraphy indicates the mainstream definition of Geologic Time is completely incorrect and that major Geological Events have actually occurred within the time frame of Human History.

Recent Developments

The connection between Geological Events and Human History is perhaps best demonstrated by the Muslim Conquest of Iberia which occurred when Southern Spain became attached to the Iberian Peninsula after being detached from Africa.

In historic times the Corredor Bético connected the Atlantic to the Mediterranean.

This means that within historic times southern Spain was attached to Carthaginian Africa but separated from the Iberian peninsula by the Corredor Bético.

Southern Spain only became sutured onto the Iberian peninsula in the last 2,000 years.


The Muslim conquest of Iberia is notable for the brevity and unreliability of the available sources… By 713 Iberia was almost entirely under Muslim control.

The Geological Events associated with the Muslim Conquest of Iberia appear to have occurred during the Messinian stage of the Miocene that is said to have occurred between 7.25 and 5.33 million years ago.

The Messinian stage of the Miocene was very eventful in the Mediterranean basin.

The Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC), also referred to as the Messinian Event, and in its latest stage as the Lago Mare event, was a geological event during which the Mediterranean Sea went into a cycle of partly or nearly complete desiccation throughout the latter part of the Messinian age of the Miocene epoch, from 5.96 to 5.33 Ma (million years ago).

The Messinian Erosional Crisis is a phase in the Messinian evolution of the central Mediterranean basin responding to a major drawdown of the Mediterranean seawater.

The Zanclean flood or Zanclean Deluge is a flood theorized to have refilled the Mediterranean Sea 5.33 million years ago.

This flooding ended the Messinian salinity crisis and marks the beginning of the Zanclean age.
The Mediterranean Basin flooded mostly during a period estimated to have been between several months and two years.

Sea level rise in the basin may have reached rates at times greater than ten metres per day (thirty feet per day).

These Mediterranean events during the Messinian mystify the mainstream.

This article discusses currently unsolved problems in geoscience.

What caused the huge salt deposition in the Mediterranean known as the Messinian salinity crisis?

Was the Mediterranean truly desiccated?

What were the effects on climate and biology, and what can we learn from extreme salt giants like this?

How were the normal marine conditions reestablished?

Further Developments

Strangely enough, the Red Sea also experienced a salinity crisis in the Miocene which [also] appears to have been resolved during the Messinian.

Industry reflection seismic data suggest that up to 8 km of Miocene and younger siliciclastic rocks and interbedded evaporites occur in a number of offshore depocenters along the rift margin.

The volcanism in the Red Sea during the Miocene may hold the key to understanding the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean because the volcanic heating of sea-water [as it flows over a hot or erupting seabed] would cause evaporites to precipitate out of sea-water [without evaporation].

This, in it’s turn, suggests the salt in salt domes originates from within the Earth.

A salt dome is a type of structural dome formed when a thick bed of evaporite minerals (mainly salt, or halite) found at depth intrudes vertically into surrounding rock strata, forming a diapir.

It is important in petroleum geology because salt structures are impermeable and can lead to the formation of a stratigraphic trap.

Further Mysteries

The Miocene Mysteries take on an added dimension in the Arabian Sea where the Socotra archipelago that detached from Gondwana during the Miocene suggests that the breakup of this supercontinent occurred during Human History.

Socotra, also spelled Soqotra, is an island and an archipelago of four islands in the Arabian Sea.

The island is very isolated and a third of its plant life is found nowhere else on the planet.

It has been described as “the most alien-looking place on Earth.”

Socotra is one of the most isolated landforms on Earth of continental origin (i.e. not of volcanic origin).

The archipelago was once part of the supercontinent of Gondwana and detached during the Miocene epoch, in the same set of rifting events that opened the Gulf of Aden to its northwest.

India continued to collide with Asia, creating dramatic new mountain ranges.

The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then disappeared as Africa collided with Eurasia in the Turkish–Arabian region between 19 and 12 Ma.

The subsequent uplift of mountains in the western Mediterranean region and a global fall in sea levels combined to cause a temporary drying up of the Mediterranean Sea (known as the Messinian salinity crisis) near the end of the Miocene.

The global trend was towards increasing aridity caused primarily by global cooling reducing the ability of the atmosphere to absorb moisture.

Uplift of East Africa in the late Miocene was partly responsible for the shrinking of tropical rain forests in that region, and Australia got drier as it entered a zone of low rainfall in the Late Miocene.

The geographical evidence clearly indicates these two clusters of haplogroup J-M267 were once unified in a single geographic location centred upon the Afar Triple Junction.


And finally.

The geologic stages following the Miocene suggest a significant geological event occurred during the 2nd millennium CE.

The Piacenzian is in the international geologic time scale the upper stage or latest age of the Pliocene. It spans the time between 3.6 ± 0.005 Ma and 2.588 ± 0.005 Ma (million years ago).

The Red Crag Formation is a series of marine deposits at the base of the Pleistocene (which started 2.58 million years ago) in Suffolk and Essex.

70m maximum offshore (Flemish Bight Sheet).
Onshore commonly to 20m but thicker in coastal areas of east Norfolk and Suffolk and within the Stradbroke Trough, locally reaching c.40 to 45m.

British Geological Survey – Red Crag Formation



Solving these Miocene Mysteries implies there’s a lot of interesting research to be undertaken along with the rewriting of a lot of textbooks.

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6 Responses to The Miocene Mysteries

  1. “… suggest that up to 8 km of Miocene and younger siliciclastic rocks and interbedded evaporates”

    This represents a prodigious volume of ‘sediment’ in a depositional basin and for the moment simply inexplicable.

  2. craigm350 says:

    Things that make you go hmmm…

    A rare 6th Century gold pendant featuring images from a Byzantine coin has been found by a metal detectorist more than 1,500 years after being made.

  3. This subject has a particular interest, i will explain. But i would be very wary on what to conclude.

    Ancient hydrological engineering works abound, and these are many times dug by hand in ancient rock without disturbing the upper strata. Where the medium through which these are cut tends to collapse these are reinforced internally.

    Here is one example that has been studied recently. It is extensive and complex. Attributed to roman times, the area/location had already been the site of older habitation going back into the punic era. It was already extensive in punic times, and tapping into springs at the edge of an upper water table would have been an obvious solution.

    See link, it is interesting:

  4. Tenuc says:

    Good find Tim. Seems probable that the Earth is stable for long periods of time until some large external black swan event (e.g. super-bolide impact, super-volcano, mega-quake) brings a period of chaos. This stops humanities ever more complex civilizations in their tracks and we have to start the whole development process over again. This would explain many of the anomalous buildings and objects scattered around our planet and the many destruction myths which can be found, like floods, fire storms e.t.c.

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