European Islands of Culture

As the months tick by a few more pieces of the puzzle fall [roughly] into place regarding the reshaping of Northern Europe between the Arabian Horizon and Heinsohn Horizon.

The remarkable geographic changes that occurred during this [roughly] 300 year period transformed the Old World into the New World.

One of these dramatic changes was the transformation of Scotland.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/09/01/loch-ness-chronology-getting-to-grips-with-gyttja/
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/03/01/the-fold-up-beds-of-glen-roy/

The first step nudged Western Scotland [along with English & Wales] Northwards.

This Northward nudge appears to have damned Doggerland’s natural Northern drainage channel [in the gap between the ancient two piece Scotland] and created a [roughly] circular depression that rapidly began to fill with water.

The expansion of the freshly damned Doggerland lake [aka the North Sea] ultimately created a Southerly overflow channel which is now known as the English Channel.

The 1467 Germanus map of Scotland captures the configuration after this first step.

The second step in the transformation is far more catastrophic.

The Western section of Scotland rotates anti-clockwise by about 90° whilst the Eastern section of Scotland performs an amazing back-flip that arcs through [about] 180°.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/10/shaping-scotland-in-two-shakes/

The reshaping of Scotland was triggered by Greenland breaking free from Scandinavia.

Greenland appears to have twisted away and rapidly iced over as it travelled North.

The initial deluge of rain and snow associated with the 1st Millennium Minimum [at 654 AD] may explain why the Farm Beneath the Sand [settled centuries before the official arrival of Erik the Red in 986 AD] was found under “1.5m-thick layers of sand and gravel”.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/04/11/greenland-guide-to-the-first-millennium/

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/avalon/
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/04/11/greenland-guide-to-the-first-millennium/

Leaving Scandinavia free to expand and uplift.

The uplift caused part of the Northern Sea to become temporarily landlocked.

This narrative needs to be especially convincing because the description of the Eemian Sea [said to have existed 130,000 to 115,000 years ago] exactly matches the first millennium maps where “Much of northern Europe was under shallow water” and “Scandinavia was an island.

This narrative also needs to be especially convincing because it requires the Danish Straits to drop by about 100 metres whilst the rest of Scandinavia is said to be rebounding upwards.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/01/27/a-scandinavian-saga/

The expansion of Scandinavia opened up the Baltic Basin.

Paleogene and Neogene marine sediments are however absent in the whole Baltic area except for the southern fringes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_the_Baltic_Sea

The trapped waters of the Northern Sea either:
a) Filled the newly formed Baltic Basin
or
b) Drained off via the Danish Straits – a process that created the Norwegian Trench.

Arguably, the Heinsohn Horizon represented a sudden step change reversion to the Carbon-14 regime that existed before the Arabian Horizon.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/08/05/carbon-14-norwegian-blues/

The Old World geography of Northern Europe is encapsulated in it’s history where, for example, the Roman Empire was physically constrained by the Northern Sea.

Once upon a time cartographers carefully crafted a Semicircular Europe.

This Semicircular Europe persisted even when “Asia became wider”.

The Roman Empire was so impressed with the cartographer’s Semicircular Europe that they only bothered to conquer Semicircular Europe.

https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/01/24/semicircular-europe-and-the-heinsohn-horizon/

This was an Old World where the Varangian Vikings ranged across the Northern Sea from Scandinavia to the Black and Caspian Seas.

The Varangians was the name given by Greeks and East Slavs to Vikings, who between the 9th and 11th centuries ruled the medieval state of Kievan Rus’ and formed the Byzantine Varangian Guard.

Engaging in trade, piracy, and mercenary activities, Varangians roamed the river systems and portages of Gardariki, as the areas north of the Black Sea were known in the Norse sagas.

They controlled the Volga trade route (between the Varangians and the Arabs), connecting the Baltic to the Caspian Sea, and the Dnieper and Dniester trade route (between Varangians and the Greeks) leading to the Black Sea and Constantinople.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varangians

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/the-red-score-copper-calls/

An Old World where the Northern Sea connected the East to the West.

The Lithuanian language is a linguistic pandora’s box that the mainstream has buried under several layers of “glottochronological speculations” and “reconstructed proto-language” invention.

Lithuanian, being the “most conservative” Indo-European language, has many Sanskrit affinities.

Tthe “extraordinarily conservative” Lithuanian language retains “many archaic features otherwise found only in ancient languages such as Sanskrit or Ancient Greek.”

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/07/05/catastrophic-english-lithuanian-linguistics/

Similarly, the “blundering” Academics in Aspic are experiencing a few problems explaining away the “archaic features” found in Lithuanian, Ancient Greek and Sanskrit.

This is hardly surprising because European mitochondrial DNA appears to track back to India.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/07/29/catastrophic-english-mother-tongue-and-mtdna/

The key to understanding the initial history of the New World in Northern Europe is the re-population of the old landmasses and the population of the newly emerged European Plane by the surviving Islands of Culture.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Przeworsk_culture

Slavs that turned into Poles during the 10th century AD did not crawl out of some hidden abyss, nor did they fall from the sky.

Likewise, they did not hibernate in some unknown location further east from where they suddenly moved to Poland in the 7th/8th century AD without ever telling anybody.

Slavic Chronological Enigmas Solved: Poland’s Kraków In The First Millennium AD
Gunnar Heinsohn – 1 Sept 2017

http://www.q-mag.org/_iserv/dlfiles/dl.php?ddl=q-mag-gunnar-corr-slavic-chronological-enigmas-solved-01-09-2017.pdf

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/01/30/the-red-score-otto-von-sadovszky/

The freshly drained European Plane also attracted settlers from peripheral lands.

Russia is remarkable because it encompasses more than one eighth of Earth’s inhabited land area.

Russia is also remarkable because it only “arose” from the Academic Abyss in the 9th century after the East Slavs “emerged” in the Academic Abyss sometime “between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD”.

Russia is also very curious because its prehistory is confined to the southern margins.

The DNA evidence from Russia is a curious patchwork with concentrated pockets that appear to have expanded [usually from the periphery] to fill the void.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/11/08/russia-and-the-academic-abyss/

On the other hand, the draining of the trapped Northern Sea left seals stranded in lakes.

Unfortunately, for the mainstream Ice Age narrative, the evidence presented by the extant populations of isolated freshwater seals suggests that the last Ice Age was also just like today in North America and Europe because these stranded seals were not swept from the land locked lakes by advancing [3 or 4 kilometres thick] ice during the last Ice Age.

There is a similar situation in the lakes east of the Baltic Sea where two subspecies of ringed seals are found in freshwater lakes that were supposedly buried under deep ice.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/01/14/stranded-seals/

The reshaping of Scandinavia also left behind old settlements where the coins hoards are said to be “odder” the further inland they are found.

When the Roman Empire expanded northwards some coins started to reach Scandinavia.

Their distribution in Scandinavia meets the eye, because they are frequent in Central Scandinavia where there are no other Roman coins.

Their chronological distribution is odd too, because they are sometimes very old, even 3rd century BC.

Their greatest quality, nevertheless, is the fact that they are often very uncommon types – the further inland the odder.

The Poor Man’s Money in the Carolingian Iron Age – 23 Jan 2012
On the Reading Rest – Topdesk archaeology with no GSP

See: https://floasche.wordpress.com/2012/01/23/the-poor-mans-money-in-the-carolingian-iron-age/

That’s a brief overview of the story so far…

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6 Responses to European Islands of Culture

  1. Yry says:

    Hello everyone, first post but a long standing follower of Tim’s fascinating articles.
    I came across these lines in this excellent 1857 (pdf) book by Beale Poste,
    a then specialist of changes in Britain’s coastlines and related topics:

    “When we treat of the ancient litterature relating to the island of Britannia,
    there is one topic to which we must always recur in guarding this subject from
    error, namely that ‘Gildas’ asserts in his De Excidio, c. 4, that he could find
    no ancient British accounts.”
    “The proper explanation of this:
    that Gildas does not mean to say that he could not find no accounts at all, but
    only that he could not find such accounts as he wanted, namely, such as were in
    the interest of the Latin Church, giving a version of Roman British affairs with
    a certain bias. In the end, Gildas obtains his account from the continent.”

    “Ancient British histories, as we may judge, disappeared from the 9th and 10th
    to the 15th centuries, from their not being sufficiently according to the taste
    of the times. Their fate has been that, when they disappeared, many have been
    disinclined to admit that they ever existed.”

    Source: “Britannia Antiqua” by Beale Poste 1857, Chap. XX, p. 361,
    https://ia600204.us.archive.org/28/items/britanniaantiqu00postgoog/
    britanniaantiqu00postgoog.pdf

    ——
    Worthy of interest, this picture of a 1979 survey of the bottom of the North Sea
    littered by moon-shaped holes – IF – I manage to upload it here.
    In case it didn’t work, how do we upload images?

  2. malagabay says:

    I’m spellbound by the superhuman saga of the senseless Saxon sacking of Roman Britain.

    And after all the battering, breaching, butchering, burning and burying [under sand and gravel] that resulted in the “entire destruction” of the Romano-British walled towns and villas we find “scarce a trace” of the Saxons is “left behind”.

    On the why and wherefore of the Saxons so perseveringly destroying the Roman British walled Towns, as also their country Villas, on their obtaining Territories in Britain.
    ..
    To counteract these obstacles they arranged to take the towns, and then to dismantle all their defences.

    Their chief means to do this were the constructing and collecting what we may call a large park of battering-rams

    Having obtained an entrance into the place by breaching with their park of battering-rams, or by firing the gates, or by both processes, they immediately began the work of slaughter on the defenders and wretched inhabitants found in the town, and set the whole place on fire (Gildas, ibid.); which we know from evidence of the sites of former Roman British towns showing still their foundations, and marks of their modes of destruction by fire, which has been effectual in destroying them down to the present day.

    No Pindar’s house was spared, as was done by Alexander the Great at Thebes ; no favour or affection was shown ; but they all went to the ground, – houses, lofty buildings, and towers, and the temples and basilicas also, which had then become Christian churches.

    But as the solid town or city walls would not burn, before they left they disembattled all these defences, throwing down all the merlons and top defences, and obliterating the embrasures.

    They also made extensive breaches, at various places, of the walls with the powerful means of demolition at their disposal, of which we have before spoken.

    It almost grieves us to record such desolation ; however, historical truth, which we have undertaken to tell, obliges.

    But it may be asked.

    Why did they destroy the country villas?

    The reason is, that they were not suitable habitations in localities in which a continual war was carried on.

    The Saxon wars lasted, at one stretch, one hundred and thirty-two years, with two brief intervals of two and ten years respectively.

    The villas would have required, in times of peace and tranquillity, a large establishment of slaves used to civilized life, to be inhabited comfortably.

    Roman British villas were adapted to persons of somewhat refined habits ; but the Saxons were to a man warriors, and uncertain when they might be called to take the field, or in what direction they might march.

    Add to this, it plainly appears the dwellings they had been accustomed to were formed quite on a different principle.

    Their abodes were apartments with the hearth in the centre, and with an opening in the roof for escape of the smoke.

    The larger specimens of these were dilated, in after times, to the Anglo-Saxon hall, while the smaller ones were the cabins of the poor.

    The Romano-British villas were therefore useless to the Anglo-Saxons ; and they at once burnt them when they obtained possession of them.

    So we account for the entire destruction of the Romano-British walled towns and the Romano-British villas.

    Nor did the Saxons make many military works of their own, as they were accustomed to stand well up in fight against their enemies ; so there is scarce a trace of them left behind.

    Britannia Antiqua – Beale Poste – 1857
    https://archive.org/stream/britanniaantiqu00postgoog#page/n336/mode/1up

  3. Yry says:

    Could these hordes of Saxons have been used as mercenaries paid for either by the
    Catholic Church or by the Doges of Venice who lost out to the Muslims in the
    Black Sea markets?
    I’m aware the dates would have to match.

  4. This account actually describes the aftermath of a natural catastrophe that, for want of a non catastrophic explanation, has been sheeted to the poor old Anglo Saxons. This is simply Charlie Lyell’s legacy – the purging of exogenous causations for actual physical destructions. There were no hordes of Saxons – simply brain dead British armchair generals waxing lyrically in the empires of their imaginations.

  5. johnm33 says:

    It wasn’t just Gildas who ignored the histories he found and left a void, during Victorias reign academics were rewarded with promotions and patronage for creating a German heritage, thus everything after the romans was Saxon. There were [and still are] ancient lineages who have better historical claims to kingship in the UK, I think this made Albert uncomfortable. Them [V+A] being Germans. There certainly were some saxon [etc.] mercenaries and settlers but they were a new aristocracy rather than peasantry, After the comet [in my dating about 565] the remains of houses were looted, the houses with roofs burn off simply melted into the ground. https://www.periodliving.co.uk/advice/roger-hunt-on-building-with-cob/

  6. Yry says:

    Food for thought in the light of current EU knowledge:

    “An ancient Saxon poem of a city in ruins supposed to be Bath”
    by Rev. J. Earle, M. A. (Read at a meeting March 15, 1871)
    and dated by him optionally ca 7th or 8th century CE.

    cfer: https://archive.org/details/anancientsaxonp00earlgoog

    Archaic Saxon poem fragment at the 123rd leaf of a volume held
    by ‘Leofric’, the last Bishop of Crediton who died in 1072 CE
    and gave this book to Exeter Cathedral where it remained for
    the next 800 years:

    — THE RUINED CITY —

    – Strange to behold is the stone of this wall, broken by fate,
    the strongholds are bursten, the work of giants decaying,
    the roofs are fallen, the towers tottering, mouldering palaces
    roofless, weather-marked masonry, shattered shelters,
    time-scarred, tempest-marred, undermined of eld.
    (Yry note: a giant force, fate, destroying up to strongholds)

    Earth’s grasp holdeth its mighty builders tumbled, crumbled in
    gravel’s hard grip; till a hundred generations of men pass away.
    (Yry note: Earth’s grasp, gravel’s hard grip = matter from
    space (comet?) or from planet discharging electrically?)

    Often this wall witnessed, now fern-tufted and lichen-spotted,
    one great man after another taking shelter out of storms:
    the lofty gable [fell?] swift [sledge] flashed furious on the
    rings, resolutely rivetting the wall with clamps wondrously
    together. (Yry note: thunderbolts fusing stone walls?)

    Bright were the buildings, bath-houses many, high forest of
    pinnacles, war-clang frequent, mead-halls many, merriment
    frequenting; till all was overwhelmed by Fate the unrelenting.

    Breaches wide brake the walls, baleful days came on, death
    swept off the valiant men, their arsenals became waste
    habitations; slow decay sapped the town.

    Pitifully shrunk the brave to their grave.

    Therefore these halls are a dreary ruin and these pictures
    gables: the tiles are tumbling from the roof with its crown
    of rafters: ruinous masses have wrecked the pavement, heaved
    it in heaps; where erewhile many a baron joyous and jewelled
    with elaborate splendour, haughty and hot with wine, shone
    in his harness; looked on treasures of silver and of curious
    gems, and wealth and stores and precious stones, on this
    bright borough of broad dominion.
    (Yry note: many a baron jewelled with elaborate splendour,
    silver and of curious gems, etc = Plasmoids in the sky?)

    There stood arcades of stones; the stream hotly issued with
    eddies widening up to the wall encircling all the bright
    bosomed pool; there the baths were – hot with inward heat:
    nature’s bounty that! (Yry note: again thunderbolt eddies?)

    So they caused to flow [into a sea of] stone the hot streams
    …. that ring-mere hot …. baths were …. that is kingly
    thing ….

    (Translator’s notes:
    “Well then, what other place can be thought to answer this
    description! …My knowledge does not offer any response
    here to this except Akmanchester [i.e. Bath].”
    ” The only point, then, on which a question is possible is
    this: Was Akmanchester EVER deserted and in ruins? This
    opens” a historical question of great interest, both locally
    and generally.”
    “Gothic races differed from the Romans whom they conquered
    in this respect, that they preferred the country to the town.
    Municipal habits ans tastes had not yet been formed by them.
    Town life was to them as unnatural as it is to the Arab of
    the desert. …nowhere was the destruction of the municipal
    civilisation more complete than in our own island.”)

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