Human traditions of mighty celestial snakes or serpents in the sky wreaking havoc and destruction on the Earth’s surface remain inexplicable, principally because any geological features that could be associated with these heavenly prodigies are believed to be absent.
Absent not because of the lack of hard evidence but absent for subjective reasons associated with the Western creationist cultural paradigm in which humanity represents the culmination of a long period of geological and biological evolution from some distant starting point in time colloquially referred as “creation”.
It is represented scientifically by the astrophysical Big Bang event some 13.8 billions of years in the past and the birth of our solar system more recently 4,500 millions of years ago.
In this paradigm rainbow or sky serpents or snakes are explained as the inventions of over-excited primitive human brains.
To this author they are instead assumed to be memories of real physical phenomena and that the geological timescale is more mythological than real.
This said, it is clear that Immanuel Velikovksy proposed Venus as the main celestial prodigy that affected the peoples of ancient history, mainly on his interpretation that it, Venus, as recently formed and must therefore been extremely hot. Which it was from subsequent space probes by the US and USSR.
The geology of Venus remains baffling, The Baffling Geology of Venus, and the key to its geology has to be its heat. This heat, however, is not caused by its atmosphere of nearly pure carbon dioxide, but from its measured surface heat flow, some 250 times more energy than the Earth.
An Alternate View of Venus – John Ackerman
Overwhelming physical evidence has been present for twenty-five years that Venus is a hot new planet, which we maintain resulted from the high velocity impact (> 1043 ergs) on Jupiter about 6,000 years ago.
Up-welling radiation measurements from five independent Pioneer Venus probes all agree that Venus is radiating 250 times more energy than the Earth.
The interior is completely molten with a tenuous crust less than a kilometer thick floating on top.
Venus’ enormous internal heat is manifested by raw lava lying in myriads of cracks on the surface and the high velocity jetting of sulfur gases (primarily S8) from some two hundred thousand ‘small domes,’ to an altitude of 48 km.
The S8 molecule, the stable form of sulfur at temperatures in the lower atmosphere, was not detected because its mass was beyond the range of the Pioneer Venus instruments.
The surface temperature is maintained at 450 C by the evaporation of raining sulfur.
The altitude of the ubiquitous lower cloud layer corresponds to the exact temperatures at which the rising S8 freezes to form monoclinic and rhombic crystals, which comprise it.
It is the great mass of sulfur suspended in the lower atmosphere (Hadesphere) which produces the high surface pressure, not CO2.
CS also crystalizes from the rising gases at 31 km and catalyzes reactions which capture carbon.
This caused the dropout of CO2 and CO between 31 and 50 km, currently attributed to ‘a clogging of the mass spectrometer input leak(s).’
We maintain that the dominant gas in the lower atmosphere is S8, not CO2, and there is no ‘runaway greenhouse effect.’
The great mass of upward jetting gases is what drives the ‘four day’ zonal winds which encircle the planet at all latitudes, for which there is currently no viable hypothesis.
If Ackerman’s analysis is accurate, then Venus must have been a fiery ball of plasma violently reacting with any electrically conductive body or space zone in its path.
Whether it was birthed from Jupiter or not is moot, and not germane to the explanation below.
That it was formed recently?
There’s little doubt about that but that’s all that could be said about it unless we wander into distracting metaphysical quagmires.
Physically what would Venus have appeared as?
As a molten ball of plasma, it would have been shrouded by electrical discharges in every which way and direction, while itself remaining intensely bright in its arc-mode to glow-mode plasma state.
For whatever reason, Venus and the Earth crossed paths and this interaction was observed by humanity on the Earth.
What was the earth’s physical state?
Do we assume its present state of 70% water and 30% drier elevated land masses, and look for evidence in what historically plausible sediments we might find, or should we go back in time to more politically incorrect locations along the established geological chronology?
The earliest human memories or traditions involve a garden of Eden paradise being disrupted by some divinely directed catastrophe.
Earthly paradise might have been a densely vegetated wet planet like the Star Wars movie planet that Yoda lived on, Dagobah.
This planet would have had an enveloping shell of a deep regolith of weathered granitic and felsic volcanic lavas and sediments, shallow seas and no fresh outcrops of rocks.
There were no continents or oceans, and it might have been slightly smaller in volume.
This Earthly Paradise planet had no deserts, but a tropical planet populated by large life forms including humanoids and abundant vegetation or food.
A biological utopia as it were.
The first encounter between the Earth and Venus would have been catastrophic – Venus as a fiery white ball of plasma sparking with long drawn out magnetic flux tubes or Birkeland currents, moving and behaving like writhing snakes or serpents, and was thus observed as such.
The impacts caused by the plasma short-circuits between Venus and the Earth would not have been spectacular since the water-logged regolith of the Earth would have provided a very low resistance to the incoming Venusian discharges.
Those discharges would have travelled laterally along the subsurface and started to erode the lush tropical rainforests covering the earth, ripping off the regolith and exposing fresh rocks, while at the same time forming topographic depressions as nascent oceans.
This erosion would presumably develop along equatorial zones based on the plasma model.
This would have been geologically the start of the breakup of Pangea.
Whether the Earth expanded slightly or remained the same volume but suffered massive erosion to form the Pacific Basin is unknown.
It is possible that the asteroid belt might consist of rocks that were blasted off the Earth by Venus.
And it is plausible that the Earth was also a satellite of Saturn or Cronos.
But the tropical paradise that was Earth was irrevocably changed and the human species, blessed or handicapped with memory, sought refuge in their collective imaginations and started to develop language by the act of thinking.
It is likely that giantism remained and that the surviving humans entered into the stone age eking out a subsistence living.
No more luxuriant Eden to live off.
Survival now became a chore.
What would Venus have looked like when it next encountered the Earth?
It would have dropped in temperature and developed a thin lithic crust either of congealed lavas and tuffs or granitoids but also now capable of partially freezing structures as deformed rocks.
The next encounter would again result in the exchange of electric discharges, except this time craters would have formed on the surfaces of both the Earth and Venus.
Venus in the previous plasma state would not have preserved any craters but any discharges might have started to form a plasma focus and this might have appeared as brighter circular “eyes” or “craters” on Venus.
The Greek Medusa monster fits this model, with its two eyes and hair of serpents, so it seems likely that Medusa was Venus.
If Venus had only encountered the Earth only once then the animal kingdom, as well as the humanoids, would have soon forgotten about it.
But if Venus and the other disturbed solar members returned to wreak further havoc on the Earth, then fear would arise from the repeated violence, sustaining human memories and resulting in embedded ideas to explain the disasters.
Refuges would thus be made to escape the terrors of the sky, and when that failed perhaps sacrifices were started on suitable altars, marking the beginning of religion.
Stage two of the Venusian-Earth encounter would have been different to the initial one that formed Pangea.
Assuming the next major event to be the breakup of Gondwana and the extirpation of the large dinosaurs, then this might have involved plasma erosion by massive magnetic flux tubes associated with an increasing volume of water from internal degassing of the earth along with endogenous sources such as Saturn or Cronos as suggested by Velikovsky.
As such observations of water charged horizontally moving highly electrified deluges of mud, water, and rocks would have left a lasting impression on the remaining humans.
These events would have been described metaphorically by humanity in terms of similarity to extant phenomena – and rainbow or sky serpents would result.
Life forms being gobbled by long horizontal undulating magnetic flux-tubes would have been explained as humans being gobbled up by serpents.
The term “rainbow serpent” suggests magnetic flux tubes of energised plasma moving between the Earth’s surface and the ionosphere, but the observation of horizontal lightning suggests that horizontally disposed magnetic plasma flux tubes also occurred and this seems to be supported by some of the Meso-American art of serpents.
Even European bestiary art shows variants of the Mesoamerican serpent forms in the Medusa monster and the various flying dragons.
Perhaps being more “cultured” and prone to metaphorical allegories could explain the weirdness of the European serpents etc, relying more on secondary and tertiary descriptions rather than primary observations.
Serpents seem to be the dominant non-European or first world description of the interplanetary plasma discharges.
My experience with third-world cultures identified a fact that abstract ideas did not exist in their cultures.
First-worlders on the other hand were skilled in using metaphors.
This led me to conclude that third-world accounts were literal accounts of phenomena described by a limited lexicon.
As an example English has some 700,000 different words while other cultures 30-50,000 words and third-world cultures even shorter lexicons.
How novel natural phenomena are then described depends on the number of synonyms and metaphors available to scribes.
If we are dealing with a literate culture of which the only survivors of some catastrophe were illiterate camel herders, then later on when a ruling elite came into being and started writing down what happened and what caused the catastrophe, explanations would have been tertiary or even further removed from direct observations.
Hence civilised accounts of a past catastrophe would use vague descriptions of what earlier generations thought they saw, and unlike third-world observations described by using the closet synonym in their lexicon; so an undulating discharge like a Van de Graaff generator in slow motion would have been described as a sky-serpent or if associated with rain, a rainbow serpent.
Hence European descriptions of ancient plasma interactions would have been more ornate and metaphorical than less civilised peoples using a less numerous lexicon and thus at odds with “superior” understandings of the more advanced culture.
And how much of this metaphorical obfuscation was due to 19th century Lyellianism that revised histories has yet to be established.