The most telling aspect of the Late Paleocene Event is the divergent data.
The ooze on the Shatsky Rise at ≈ 32° North has an outlier δ18O high spike.
The ooze on the Maud Rise at ≈ 66° South has an outlier δ18O low spike.
But only the Maud Rise at ≈ 66° South has a discernible δ13C spike.
Maud Rise is an oceanic plateau located in the Southern Ocean.
Maud Rise formed part of the south-eastern African large igneous province (LIP) which developed south of Africa 100 to 94 million years ago (Ma).
Although these observations are subject to interpretation the divergent nature of the data is very suggestive of a catastrophic impact event.
On the one hand:
If, as the mainstream believes, the δ18O in oceanic ooze is primarily influenced by the inorganic precipitation of calcium carbonate then:
1) The Shatsky Rise δ18O high represents a Northern temperature low.
2) The Maud Rise δ18O low represents a Southern temperature high.
… way back in 1953 the awfully clever Epstein et al created a formula that turns the natural world upside-down by defining an non-linear inverse relationship between δ18O values and temperature for calcium carbonate between 9° C and 29° C.
This awfully clever formula mimics “inorganically precipitated calcium carbonate”.
On the other hand:
If the δ18O in oceanic ooze is primarily influenced by biological processes then:
a) The Shatsky Rise δ18O high represents a Northern temperature high.
b) The Maud Rise δ18O low represents a Southern temperature low.
The divergence in δ18O values is a mainstream embarrassment.
But the δ13C values are a catastrophe.
The downward spike in δ13C values in the Maud Rise oceanic ooze at ≈ 66° South suggests there was a sudden upturn in biological activity.
This upward spike in biological activity isn’t linked to a rise in temperature.
Plankton inhabit oceans, seas, lakes, ponds.
Local abundance varies horizontally, vertically and seasonally.
The primary cause of this variability is the availability of light.
A secondary variable is nutrient availability.
The upturn in biological activity found in the Maud Rise oceanic ooze is [most likely] associated with the [temporary] addition of iron because “in the Southern Ocean, iron appears to be a critical limiting micronutrient”.
Despite significant macronutrient concentrations, some ocean regions are unproductive (so-called HNLC regions).
The micronutrient iron is deficient in these regions, and adding it can lead to the formation of phytoplankton blooms.
The Southern Ocean is the largest HNLC region in the global ocean.
The surface waters of the Southern Ocean have been widely identified as being rich in macronutrients despite low phytoplankton stocks.
Macronutrients present in Southern Ocean surface waters come from upwelled deep water.
While micronutrients such as zinc and cobalt may possibly co-limit phytoplankton growth in the Southern Ocean, iron appears to be a critical limiting micronutrient.
John Martin (1935-1993), was an oceanographer.
He is also known for advocating the use of iron fertilization to enhance oceanic primary production to act as a sink for fossil fuel carbon dioxide.
“Give me a half tanker of iron, and I will give you an ice age.” – John Martin, from a lecture at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
The additional iron suggests an inbound iron object disintegrated over the Southern Ocean.
The Campo del Cielo iron meteorites provide tangible support for this line of argument.
The Campo del Cielo refers to a group of iron meteorites or to the area where they were found.
This area is situated on the border between the provinces of Chaco and Santiago del Estero, 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) northwest of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The crater field covers an area of 3 by 18.5 kilometres (1.9 by 11.5 mi) and contains at least 26 craters, the largest being 115 by 91 metres (377 by 299 ft).
The craters’ age is estimated as 4,000–5,000 years.
The craters and the area around contain numerous fragments of an iron meteorite.
The total weight of the pieces so far recovered is about 100 tonnes, making the meteorite possibly the heaviest one ever recovered on Earth.
The largest two fragments, the 37-ton El Chaco and 30.8-ton Gancedo, are among the heaviest single-piece meteorite masses recovered on Earth, along with the 60-ton Hoba and a 31-ton fragment of the Cape York meteorite.
While, the disintegration of large “stony” bolides has the potential to create localised firestorms and regional cooling due to debris/dust being suspended in the atmosphere.
The North East aligned Río Cuarto craters in provide support for this line of reasoning.
The Río Cuarto craters are a purported group of impact craters located in Córdoba Province, Argentina. Research published in 2002 indicates that they are more likely a result of Aeolian processes.
There were ten depressions, four of them of substantial size.
One depression, named the “Drop”, was about 200 metres (660 ft) wide and 600 metres (2,000 ft) long. Two more large depressions, the “Eastern Twin” and “Western Twin”, both about 700 metres (0.43 mi) wide and 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) long, were located 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the northeast. Another major depression, the “Northern Basin”, about half and again as big as one of the Twins, was sited 11 kilometers further to the northeast.
The long axes of the depressions all point to the northeast.
Models of the Río Cuarto event suggest that the object struck at an angle of no more than 15 degrees from the horizontal, with the impact itself having 10 times more explosive energy than the Barringer Crater event and 30 times more than the Tunguska event.
The object came in from the northeast, as bright as the Sun.
The object hit ground at the Northern Basin, creating a mountain of fire about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) wide and 50 kilometres (31 mi) long, and scattered off pieces that went downrange to form the Twins and the Drop.
The fireball incinerated all life downrange in a firestorm with a parabolic-shaped footprint that created hurricane-force winds, erasing the butterfly-shaped pattern of debris characteristic of such low-angle strikes.
A bolide is an extremely bright meteor, especially one that explodes in the atmosphere.
An achondrite is a stony meteorite that does not contain chondrules.
Interestingly, the South American impact sites have a pronounced North East alignment.
The object came in from the northeast, as bright as the Sun.
The crater of the Meseta de la Barda Negra (Coordinates: 39° 10′ S 69° 53′ W), was found in the province of Neuquén, (Argentina), after intense searches from the images of the Landsat satellite, with the aim of finding other craters apart from those already discovered in the country (Campo del Cielo and Río Cuarto).
From the satellite you can see a crater 1.5 km in diameter, isolated in the middle of a huge basaltic brown plateau.
The crater of the Black Barda Plateau has an elevated rim with respect to the floor of the plateau itself.
This leads to the conclusion that it is an explosive crater.
Proof of this are the rocky blocks of 50 or 60 m that rest on the crater or on its edge.
This North East alignment is echoed in the Atlantic Ocean.
This North East alignment is also echoed by the Vitrified Walls that stretch across Europe and into South American.
Overall, the evidence suggests the Earth has been impacted by a series of iron and stony objects that were probably created by The Other Big Bang.
The first of these impacts probably occurred around 600 CE +/- 40 years.
This heralded the arrival of a period of upheaval when many of the inland seas drained away into the widening oceanic basins.
The [divergent] δ18O data values suggests the Late Paleocene Event only occurred in 1389 CE – that’s not entirely unreasonable for superficial deposits of ooze.
a) The Shatsky Rise outlier δ18O high.
b) The Maud Rise outlier δ18O low.
The 1389 CE dating of the Late Paleocene Event coincides with the extinction of the Moa.
The moa were nine species (in six genera) of flightless birds endemic to New Zealand.
The two largest species, Dinornis robustus and Dinornis novaezelandiae, reached about 3.6 m (12 ft) in height with neck outstretched, and weighed about 230 kg (510 lb).
It is estimated that, when Polynesians settled New Zealand circa 1280, the moa population was about 58,000.
Moa extinction occurred around 1300 – 1440 ± 20 years, primarily due to overhunting by Māori.
This leaves many observers wondering:
When will Gradualism [and it’s shoddy Settled Science] become extinct?
Another curious coincidence is the North East alignment of the Shatsky Rise.