Gradualist academics have unwittingly documented [in some detail] a catastrophic event that left an indelible mark – the Hecker Horizon – upon the Earth’s surface during the 14th century CE.
Double Dynamo Dystopia
During the 20th century academia increasing moved into the domain of prestige prestidigitation by turning their informed insights into authoritative assertions of fact.
Some of these authoritative assertions are oxymorons.
The solar constant is an average of a varying value.
Others represent a retreat from reality into the land of mathematics, models and make-believe.
The solar dynamo is the physical process that generates the Sun’s magnetic field.
The detailed mechanism of the solar dynamo is not known and is the subject of current research.
Scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) also developed a computer model of solar dynamics (Solar dynamo) for more accurate predictions and have confidence in the forecast based upon a series of test runs with the newly developed model simulating the strength of the past eight solar cycles with more than 98% accuracy.
In hindsight the prediction proved to be wildly inaccurate and not representative of the observed sunspot numbers.
The academic retreat from reality has occurred on the Earth and in the starry firmament.
In physics, the dynamo theory proposes a mechanism by which a celestial body such as Earth or a star generates a magnetic field.
Their imaginary Double Dynamo Dystopia is used to explain away Carbon 14 variability.
Sunspot numbers over the past 11,400 years have been reconstructed using Carbon-14-based dendroclimatology.
But lurking in the 14th century within this interdisciplinary dystopia is the Hecker Horizon in the form of the Wolf minimum and an unnamed maximum.
Grand solar minima occur when several solar cycles exhibit lesser than average activity for decades or centuries.
Since the calibration curve (IntCal) also reports past atmospheric 14C concentration using this conventional age, any conventional ages calibrated against the IntCal curve will produce a correct calibrated age.
Leona Libby’s Old Japanese Cedar Tree
In terms of Leona Libby’s chronology the Hecker Horizon is basically the 14th century.
In the history books the defining event marking the start of the Hecker Horizon is the Crete Earthquake that probably occurred sometime between 1302 and 1304.
The 1303 Crete earthquake occurred at about dawn on 8 August.
It had an estimated magnitude of about 8, a maximum intensity of IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale, and triggered a major tsunami that caused severe damage and loss of life on Crete and at Alexandria.
Perrey (1850, p. 19) wrongly dates the earthquake to 1304, though he gives the correct day and month. However, he points out that in the Greek and Latin sources he consulted (Pachymeris, a Byzantine writer who lived in the second half of the 13th and the early 14th century, and chronicles published in Muratori’s Rerum Italicarum Scriptores ), there were chronological uncertainties between 1302 and 1303
Mallet (1853, p. 37) gives the correct date, but expresses a degree of uncertainty about it, pointing out that some chronicles place the earthquake in 1302 or 1304.
Sieberg (1932a) … also lists an earthquake at Alexandria in 1326, but this is really the 1303 earthquake (for further critical considerations, see Ambraseys et al., 1994, pp. 43–44 and 108–109). In the section of the catalogue devoted to Crete (p. 208), the earthquake is wrongly dated to 1304, without any indication of the day or month. Two other earthquakes are listed as having occurred in 1306 and 1311, but they can, in fact, be assumed to be duplications of the 1303 event.
Plataki (1950, pp. 475–476) simply dates the earthquake to 1303, but considers the date 8 August 1304 more likely.
The Large Earthquake of 8 August 1303 in Crete: Seismic Scenario and Tsunami in the Mediterranean Area – Emanuela Guidoboni and Alberto Comastri
Journal of Seismology – June 1997, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 55–72
The defining events that mark the end of the Hecker Horizon are the Dover Straits Earthquake of 1382 and the 1389 truce in the Hundred Years’ War.
The 1382 Dover Straits earthquake occurred at 15:00 on 21 May.
It had an estimated magnitude of 6.0 Ms and a maximum felt intensity of VII-VIII on the Mercalli intensity scale.
In England, the most severe damage was recorded in Canterbury, particularly to St Augustine’s Abbey and Christ Church, Canterbury, where the bell-tower was destroyed.
The manor house and church at Hollingbourne, Kent were also badly damaged.
This has been used to estimate intensity in the range VII-VIII.
In London there was damage to St Paul’s Cathedral and Westminster Abbey with an estimated intensity of VI–VII.
In the Low Countries damage was reported from Ypres, Bruges, Liege and Ghent.
It’s possible sea water didn’t fill the English Channel until the 14th century as England and France only began their long fight “over the right to rule the Kingdom of France” in 1337 AD.
Although the will was there, the funds to pay the troops was lacking, so in the autumn of 1388 the Council agreed to resume negotiations with the French crown, beginning on 18 June 1389 with the signing of a three-year truce at Leulinghen.
The Hecker Horizon is also the defining event that triggered the gradualist rewriting of history.
The scope and nature of the Hecker Horizon is slowly coming into focus.
In Greenland the Hecker Horizon is found in the ground and in the ice.
The Hecker Horizon is also found in Alexandria and Rome.
The Hecker Horizon is dated to somewhere between 1317 and 1415 in Southern Africa.
And facets of the Hecker Horizon appear in the Southern Ocean, Antarctica and New Zealand.
But, as always, readers are free to enjoy the dynamo treadmill so they can experience a real Wolf Minimum when they begin to tire.