Tracing the ancestry of Father Christmas involves some black-face Morris Dancers, William the Conqueror, Julius Caesar, the reign of Jam and some New Year’s Day continuity problems.
The European Knowledge Barrier
The arrival of the 14th century marks the beginning of the Renaissance.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries and marking the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity.
The start of the 14th century is also the beginning of the Hecker Horizon.
The defining event of the Hecker Horizon was the Black Death.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague or the Plague, or less commonly the Black Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The populations of many European cities were halved by the Black Death.
Half of Paris’s population of 100,000 people died.
In Italy, the population of Florence was reduced from 110,000–120,000 inhabitants in 1338 down to 50,000 in 1351.
At least 60% of the population of Hamburg and Bremen perished, and a similar percentage of Londoners may have died from the disease as well.
In London approximately 62,000 people died between 1346 and 1353.
Before 1350, there were about 170,000 settlements in Germany, and this was reduced by nearly 40,000 by 1450.
The Black Death represents a dramatic loss of traditional and institutional knowledge.
A death rate as high as 60% in Europe has been suggested… … Monks and priests were especially hard-hit since they cared for victims of the Black Death.
Researches concede the Black Death represents a point in the clergy’s historical narrative where it becomes unreliable.
It is recognised that an epidemiological account of the plague is as important as an identification of symptoms, but researchers are hampered by the lack of reliable statistics from this period.
Estimates of plague victims are usually extrapolated from figures from the clergy.
The Black Death very visibly represents a knowledge barrier because the historical narrative becomes unreliable and impossible to independently verify.
Johannes Gutenberg, a goldsmith by profession, developed, circa 1439, a printing system by adapting existing technologies to printing purposes, as well as making inventions of his own.
The loss of traditional and institutional knowledge caused by the Black Death created the perfect opportunity for later generations of creative writers to fabricate history.
Byzantine history went from 0 to 50 volumes between 1556 and 1897.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, and formerly Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.
The foundations of the Byzantine Empire were laid in 1557.
The first use of the term “Byzantine” to label the later years of the Roman Empire was in 1557, when the German historian Hieronymus Wolf published his work Corpus Historiæ Byzantinæ, a collection of historical sources.
Hieronymus Wolf (1516-1580) was a sixteenth-century German historian and humanist, most famous for introducing a system of Roman historiography that eventually became the standard in works of medieval Greek history.
He focused primarily on Greek history, and published his work in 1557 under the title Corpus Historiae Byzantinae, which was more a collection of Byzantine sources than a comprehensive history.
Nevertheless, the impact of his work on the long term was massive, as it would set the foundations for upcoming medieval Greek histories.
This reference to “Byzantinae” has since spread through western European scholars and gradually replaced the name Roman as used in the Eastern Roman Empire by the term Byzantine, to denote medieval Greek-speaking literature from the Eastern Roman Empire.
The Jesuits then developed an “immense” Byzantine history [1648-1711].
In the 17th century, Louis XIV of France prompted for the assemblage of all Byzantine works and called several renowned scholars from around the world to participate in this effort. Hieronymus’ Corpus would be used to build upon.
The result was the immense Corpus Historiae Byzantinae in 34 volumes, with paralleled Greek text and Latin translation.
This edition popularized the term “Byzantine Empire” (never used by that empire itself during the centuries of its existence) and established it in historical studies.
… the original twenty-four volume Corpus Byzantinae Historiae (sometimes called the Byzantine du Louvre), published in Paris between 1648 and 1711 under the initial direction of the Jesuit scholar Philippe Labbe.
The history of the Byzantine Empire then mushroomed out into a “monumental” fifty volumes between 1828 and 1897.
The Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, frequently referred to as the CSHB or Bonn Corpus, is a monumental fifty-volume series of primary sources for the study of Byzantine history (c. 330–1453), published in the German city of Bonn between 1828 and 1897.
Each volume contains a critical edition of a Byzantine Greek historical text, accompanied by a parallel Latin translation.
The project, conceived by the historian Barthold Georg Niebuhr, sought to revise and expand the original twenty-four volume Corpus Byzantinae Historiae (sometimes called the Byzantine du Louvre), published in Paris between 1648 and 1711 under the initial direction of the Jesuit scholar Philippe Labbe.
The English Knowledge Barrier
In England the knowledge barrier created by the Black Death has resulted in some very curious chronological discontinuities in the official narrative.
The official narrative claims the census of 1377 was the first to be performed in 291 years.
Most work has been done on the spread of the plague in England, and even estimates of overall population at the start vary by over 100% as no census was undertaken between the time of publication of the Domesday Book and the year 1377.
It’s said the previous census under William the Conqueror was completed in 1086.
Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the “Great Survey” of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.
Wildwinds.com – Browsing British Coinage of William I
This census discontinuity could be regarded as an isolated curiosity if it wasn’t for William the Conqueror being involved with some other very strange discontinuities.
The New Year Discontinuities
It’s assumed Roman rule meant the English New Year was the 1st of January.
The ancient Romans celebrated the beginning of the year on the 21st of December, but Caesar by the adoption of the Julian calendar postponed it to the 1st of January.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica – Eleventh Edition – Volume 19 – 1911
After the Roman withdrawal the English were careless with their New Year.
It’s implied the post-Roman New Year was moved to the 25th of March before the Anglo-Saxons changed the New Year to the 25th of December.
The 25th of March was the usual date among most Christian peoples in early medieval days.
In Anglo-Saxon England, however, the 25th of December was New Year’s Day.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica – Eleventh Edition – Volume 19 – 1911
In England, the Angle, Saxon, and Viking invasions of the fifth through tenth centuries plunged the region back into pre-history for a time. While the reintroduction of Christianity brought the Julian calendar with it, its use was primarily in the service of the church to begin with.
When these changes to the English calendar were made is unknown!
It’s also claimed William the Conqueror rode to the rescue of the careless English in 1066 and restored their New Year to the 1st of January i.e. the date used by Julius Caesar.
At the Norman Conquest owing, it is believed, to the coincidence of his coronation being arranged for that date, William the Conqueror ordered that the year should start on the 1st of January.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica – Eleventh Edition – Volume 19 – 1911
After William the Conqueror became king in 1066, he ordered that January 1 be re-established as the civil New Year.
Whether there is any truth in the preceding English New Year narrative is very questionable because at this juncture in the story there is a chronological discontinuity.
Apparently, at some unknown “later” date [after William the Conqueror] the English changed their New Year back to it’s original date of the 25th of March.
But later England began her year with the rest of Christendom on the 25th of March.
Later[when?], however, England and Scotland joined much of Europe to celebrate the New Year on March 25.
When this “later” date might have been is anyone’s guess and guessing isn’t easy because everyday England revolved around a numberless Groundhog Year.
The English Groundhog Year era ended when dated coins were minted in 1548.
The numberless Groundhog Year only started to breakdown in England after the first Julian Year coin was minted in 1548.
This roughly aligns with the Catholic Church adopting the 1st of January New Year.
It took quite a long time before January 1 again became the universal or standard start of the civil year. The years of adoption of 1 January as the new year are as follows:
The Gregorian calendar (1582), which restored the 1st of January to its position as New Year’s Day, was accepted by all Catholic countries at once; by Germany, Denmark and Sweden about 1700, but not until 1751 by England.
Historians appear remarkably blasé about these New Year discontinuities.
Perhaps that’s because they suspect:
1) The English New Year always fell on the 25th of March until 1751
2) The monasteries retro-fitted the 1st of January New Year narrative into the fabricated Julius Caesar and William the Conqueror storylines.
These suspicions are reinforced when the Father Christmas story is untangled.
The Father Christmas Discontinuity
The official narrative has Father Christmas appearing in the 16th century.
Father Christmas dates back as far as 16th century in England during the reign of Henry VIII, when he was pictured as a large man in green or scarlet robes lined with fur.
He typified the spirit of good cheer at Christmas, bringing peace, joy, good food and wine and revelry.
As England no longer kept the feast day of Saint Nicholas on 6 December, the Father Christmas celebration was moved to the 25th of December to coincide with Christmas Day.
Details of the English Merry Christmas go back to the 15th century.
A carol attributed to Richard Smart, Rector of Plymtree from 1435 to 1477, has ‘Sir Christemas’ announcing the news of Christ’s birth and encouraging his listeners to drink:
“Buvez bien par toute la compagnie,
Make good cheer and be right merry,
And sing with us now joyfully: Nowell, nowell.”
Many late medieval Christmas customs incorporated both sacred and secular themes.
It appears the English replaced “Nowell” with the French “Noel” sometime after 1700.
A Christmas carol (also called a noël, from the French word meaning “Christmas”) is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, and which is traditionally sung on Christmas itself or during the surrounding holiday season.
Christmas carols in English first appear in a 1426 work of John Awdlay, a Shropshire chaplain, who lists twenty five “caroles of Cristemas”, probably sung by groups of ‘wassailers’, who went from house to house.
Then the official Merry Christmas narrative hits the Black Death brick wall.
They concede “merrymaking” occurred as far back as the 12th century.
The custom of merrymaking and feasting at Christmastide first appears in the historical record during the High Middle Ages (c 1100–1300).
But they say “we have no details at all” regarding these celebrations.
This almost certainly represented a continuation of pre-Christian midwinter celebrations in Britain of which—as the historian Ronald Hutton has pointed out—”we have no details at all.”
This is not the case.
The details of the celebrations in the High Middle Ages [circa 1100–1300] are accessible to any researcher or heretical historian who follows the clues.
Clue #1: The ancient English New Year falling on the 25th of March.
Clue #2: The 15th century Rector of Plymtree joyfully singing “Nowell“.
These clues point towards: Nowruz – The Iranian New Year.
Nowruz (literally “new day”) is the Iranian New Year, also known as the Persian New Year, which is celebrated worldwide by various ethno-linguistic groups.
Despite its Iranian and Zoroastrian origins, Nowruz has been celebrated by diverse communities. It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans.
Nowruz is the day of the vernal equinox, and marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. It marks the first day of the first month (Farvardin) of the Iranian calendar. It usually occurs on March 21 or the previous or following day, depending on where it is observed. The moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator and equalizes night and day is calculated exactly every year, and families gather together to observe the rituals.
Chapter IX – On The Festivals in The Months of The Persians
On Nauroz it was the custom for people to present each other sugar.
According to Adharbadh, the Maubadh of Baghdadh, the reason is this, that the sugar-cane was first discovered during the reign of Jam on the day of Nauroz, having before been unknown.
For Jam on seeing a juicy cane which dropped some of its juice, tasted it, and found that it had an agreeable sweetness. Then he ordered the juice of the sugar-cane to be pressed out and sugar to be made thereof.
It was ready on the fifth day, and then they made each other presents of sugar.
The Chronology of Ancient Nations – Al-Biruni – 1000 AD
Translated and edited by Dr C Edward Sachau – 1879 CE
The Persian Amu Nowruz became the English Father Christmas.
In Iran, the traditional heralds of the festival of Nowruz are Amu Nowruz and Haji Firuz, who appear in the streets to celebrate the New Year.
Amu Nowruz brings children gifts, much like his counterpart Santa Claus. He is the husband of Nane Sarma, with whom he shares a traditional love story in which they can meet each other only once a year. He is depicted as an elderly silver-haired man with a long beard carrying a walking stick, wearing a felt hat, a long cloak of blue canvas, a sash, giveh, and linen trousers.
The Persian Haji Firuz became an English black-face Morris Dancer.
Haji Firuz, a character with his face and hands covered in soot, clad in bright red clothes and a felt hat, is the companion of Amu Nowruz. He dances through the streets while singing and playing a tambourine. In the traditional songs, he introduces himself as a serf trying to cheer people whom he refers to as his lords.
Morris dance is a form of English folk dance usually accompanied by music.
It is based on rhythmic stepping and the execution of choreographed figures by a group of dancers, usually wearing bell pads on their shins.
The earliest known and surviving English written mention of Morris dance is dated to 1448, and records the payment of seven shillings to Morris dancers by the Goldsmiths’ Company in London.
The name is first recorded in the mid-15th century as Morisk dance, moreys daunce, morisse daunce, i.e. “Moorish dance”.
The term entered English via Flemish mooriske danse. Comparable terms in other languages are German Moriskentanz (also from the 15th century), French morisques, Croatian moreška, and moresco, moresca or morisca in Italy and Spain.
The modern spelling Morris-dance first appears in the 17th century.
Various forms of folk dance in England, including Morris dancing, have traditionally used blackface; its continuing use by some troupes is controversial.
Blackface ‘Nutters’ Dance for Easter in Bizarre British Tradition – Ruptly
A group of black-faced clog dancers known as Britannia Coconut dancers or ‘Nutters’ returned for their famous annual Easter performance in Bacup, Lancashire, footage filmed on Saturday shows.
The Lancastrian group of dancers take their name from the wooden nuts they wear on their wrists, knees and waists which are made from the tops of bobbins, but it is their black-face that has caused controversy.
The Nutters’ face painted in black is said to resemble the dirt miners used to have after finishing work, but some people believe that it has more a racist connotation related to what might be the origin of the dances.
The start of this custom cannot be traced easily, but it is believed to have started with Moors who settled in Cornwall in the 17th century, who were miners there before moving to Lancashire to work in quarries.
Nowruz is also alive and kicking in the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France.
Sinterklaas or Sint-Nicolaas is a legendary figure based on Saint Nicholas, patron saint of children.
The feast of Sinterklaas celebrates the name day of Saint Nicholas on 6 December.
The feast is celebrated annually with the giving of gifts on St. Nicholas’ Eve (5 December) in the Netherlands and on the morning of 6 December, Saint Nicholas Day, in Belgium, Luxembourg and northern France (French Flanders, Lorraine and Artois).
Sinterklaas is the primary source of the popular Christmas icon of Santa Claus.
Sinterklaas is assisted by Zwarte Piet (“Black Pete”), a helper in colourful Moorish dress and with blackface. … He is typically depicted carrying a bag which contains candy for the children, which they toss around, a tradition supposedly originating in the story of Saint Nicholas saving three young girls from prostitution by tossing golden coins through their window at night to pay their dowries.
Traditionally, he would also carry a birch rod, a chimney sweep’s broom made of willow branches, used to spank children who had been naughty.
In our modern age of intolerant ignorance these ancient traditions are an endangered species.
Why Blackface is Still Part of Dutch holidays – Vox
Sadly, Western academia has obscured and ignored the Persian and Vedic traditions that are embedded within European culture.
Similarly, Western academia has obscured and ignored the ancient connections to Persia and India that are embedded within European languages.
From a careful study of Eastern records and Sabaism, the author is led to take up the position that the round towers were constructed by early Indian colonists of Ireland (the Tuath-de-danaans), in honour of ” the fructifying principle of nature,” of which the sun and moon are representative.
Introduction by W. H. C. – London – 1897
The Round Towers of Ireland – Henry O’Brien – 1898
The archaeological evidence also suggests the “Anglo Saxons” living in Kent during the 6th century AD may well have been of Persian and/or Indian descent.
The goddess Nerthus that was venerated in Old Saxony [in modern Germany] echoes Vedic Pṛthvī Mātā “Mother Earth”.
It’s doubtful Western academia will recover from consensus somnambulism.