The moral of this tale is that the historical solar activity storyline sold by settled science is hopelessly compromised because solar proxies are adversely affected by [amongst other things] volcanic and cometary dust.
Pattern Recognition #1
The tale of this settled science snafu began when it was noted some chronologies contain a distinct triple-dip signature that may represent a catastrophic cometary cascade.
A useful by-product of this analysis is that it provides a couple of data resolution dependent signatures that may help identify the catastrophic division of a comet in other chronologies.
Pattern Recognition #2
Subsequent research suggested the Maunder Minimum represents a [recurring] 120 year minimum that coincidentally contains two additional minimums.
Leona Libby’s Old Japanese Cedar Tree chronology also contains two pronounced outlier minimums which are even more difficult to explain way.
These two non-identical minimums have some unexpected similarities.
Firstly, the non-identical twins are of a very similar duration.
Secondly the non-identical twins have very pronounced raised shoulders that emphatically mark the beginning and end of these outlier minimums.
The Maunder Minimum has a volcanic component that’s very visible in Alpine ice cores.
Piecing together the cometary dust component has been a slow background task that’s taken some time to find [what might be] the final piece of the puzzle: The Great Comet of 1744.
The Great Comet of 1744, whose official designation is C/1743 X1, and which is also known as Comet de Chéseaux or Comet Klinkenberg-Chéseaux, was a spectacular comet that was observed during 1743 and 1744.
It became visible with the naked eye for several months in 1744 and displayed dramatic and unusual effects in the sky.
Wikipedia highlights the puzzling nature of the Great Comet’s post perihelion “tails”.
This comet is noted especially for developing a ‘fan’ of six tails after reaching its perihelion.
The tail structure was a puzzle to astronomers for many years.
Although other comets had displayed multiple tails on occasion, the 1744 comet was unique by having six.
It has been suggested that the ‘fan’ of tails was generated by as many as three active sources on the cometary nucleus, exposed in turn to solar radiation as the nucleus rotated.
It also has been proposed that the tail phenomenon was a very prominent example of the “dust striae” seen in the tails of some comets, such as Comet West and C/2006 P1 (McNaught).
But the only real mystery is the mainstream’s reluctance to acknowledge the Great Comet of 1744 disintegrated in a classic cometary cascade.
The disintegration of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 illustrates a Cometary Cascade whereby the number of cometary fragments exponentially increases while the overall disintegration process accelerates because the total surface area of the remnants is [also] exponentially increasing.
Overall, the cometary dust component of the Maunder Minimum appears to have made a significant contribution to the creation of the distinctive triple-dip signature.
The Cometary Cascade Banding during the Maunder Minimum appears to drive the shape of the associated low in Leona Libby’s Old Japanese Cedar Tree chronology.
The cometary dust component exacerbated the depth of the Maunder Minimum and probably delayed it’s nadir by 11 years i.e. 1713 instead of the Saturn-Jupiter predicted 1702.
But, as always:
If you like your settled science snafus then you’re welcome to keep them.
Radioactive cosmogenic 10Be is produced in the atmosphere of the Earth by the cosmic ray spallation of oxygen.
Hat Tip: Yyr
If you encounter an Earth Scientist struggling with the significance of a cometary cascade then you can try reminding them of something they might just understand.
The Lone Ranger is a fictional masked former Texas Ranger who fought outlaws in the American Old West with his Native American friend, Tonto.
The theme music was primarily taken from the “March of the Swiss Soldiers” finale of Gioachino Rossini’s William Tell Overture, which thus came to be inseparably associated with the series.