Indian Salt: Wallace Line

The official Story of Sugar deploys an armada of Austronesians to transport sugar cane across the Wallace Line.

Make-Believe: New Guinea
The mainstream has decided that ground zero for the domestication of sugar cane “probably” occurred in New Guinea about 6,000 years ago.

Saccharum officinarum was first domesticated in New Guinea and the islands east of the Wallace Line by Papuans, where it is the modern center of diversity.

Beginning at around 6,000 BP they were selectively bred from the native Saccharum robustum.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_sugar#The_spread_of_sugarcane_cultivation

Sugarcane prehistory apparently occurred across a vast area of Southeast Asia including the Malayan Archipelago, New Guinea, India, and some of the island groups of Melanesia.

The preponderance of evidence indicates that domestication of sugarcane probably occurred in New Guinea with the selection of S. officinarum from the wild species S. robustum

The Gene Pool of Saccharum Species and Their Improvement
A H Paterson, P H Moore, T L Tew – 2012
Genomics of the Saccharinae – Editor: A H Paterson

Amazon US: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00AT9ORFG
Amazon UK: https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B00AT9ORFG

Saccharum robustum

This species are indigenous to New Guinea
-It is a wild species & grows along river banks
-It is believed to be ancestral species of Saccharum officinarum

-The stalks are long, thick and is vigorous growing perennial (upto 10 m)

-It is rich in fibre and poor in sugar content
-It not suitable for agricultural production
-It is famous for it’s hardiness
-It is used for fencing

Agri-Times: In The Zone – Saccharum robustum
https://theagritimes.blogspot.com/2016/06/saccharum-robustum.html

The narrative relies upon the aquatically adventurous agrarian Austronesians to hybridised and transport sugar cane to [amongst many other places] China, India, and Madagascar.

From New Guinea it spread westwards to Island Southeast Asia after contact with Austronesians, where it hybridized with Saccharum spontaneum.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_sugar#The_spread_of_sugarcane_cultivation

Saccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) is a grass native to the Indian Subcontinent.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saccharum_spontaneum

The narrative is obliged to employs an armada of Sugar Cane Shippers because it’s said only Asiatic species are found West of the Wallace Line.

Saccharum officinarumwas first domesticated in New Guinea and the islands east of the Wallace Line by Papuans, where it is the modern center of diversity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_sugar#The_spread_of_sugarcane_cultivation

The Wallace Line or Wallace’s Line is a faunal boundary line drawn in 1859 by the British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace and named by English biologist Thomas Henry Huxley that separates the ecozones of Asia and Wallacea, a transitional zone between Asia and Australia.

West of the line are found organisms related to Asiatic species; to the east, a mixture of species of Asian and Australian origin is present.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallace%27s_line

In fact the situation is far more complex.

A plethora of lines drawn by naturalists have defined Wallacea as a group of islands [with a surprising and unexplained population of 1,500 endemic species] that are wedged between the Asian and Australian continental shelves.

Wallacea is a biogeographical designation for a group of mainly Indonesian islands separated by deep-water straits from the Asian and Australian continental shelves.

Although the distant ancestors of Wallacea’s plants and animals may have been from Asia or Australia-New Guinea, Wallacea is home to many endemic species.

According to Conservation International, Wallacea is home to over 10,000 plant species, of which approximately 1,500 are endemic.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallacea

The geology of Wallacea also surprises specialists.

Located in the western Pacific Ocean near Indonesia, the Molucca Sea Plate has been classified by scientists as a fully subducted microplate that is part of the Molucca Sea Collision Complex.

The Molucca Sea Plate represents the only known example of divergent double subduction (DDS), which describes the subduction on both sides of a single oceanic plate.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molucca_Sea_Plate

Disjunct Distributions
In the Story of Sugar the mainstream studiously avoids referencing the Disjunct Distribution of other species for information and ideas.

In biology, a taxon with a disjunct distribution is one that has two or more groups that are related but considerably separated from each other geographically.

The causes are varied and might demonstrate either the expansion or contraction of a species range.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disjunct_distribution

More specifically:

The Disjunct Distribution of Dipodium paludosum supports the suggestion that the expansion of the Sunda Plate caused the fragmentation of Greater India that [ultimately] wedged Wallacea between the Asian and Australian continental shelves.

http://e-journal.biologi.lipi.go.id/index.php/reinwardtia/article/view/402

Dipodium, commonly known as hyacinth orchids, is a genus of about forty species of orchids native to tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of south-east Asia, New Guinea, the Pacific Islands and Australia. It includes both terrestrial and climbing species, some with leaves and some leafless, but all with large, often colourful flowers on tall flowering stems.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipodium

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:The_Orchid_Album_(1891)

Dipodium paludosum is an terrestrial orchid species that is native to south-east Asia. It occurs in Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, The Philippines, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dipodium_paludosum

The Sunda Plate is a minor tectonic plate straddling the equator in the eastern hemisphere on which the majority of Southeast Asia is located.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunda_Plate

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mid-ocean_ridge

The Disjunct Distribution of Rhynchosia minima supports the suggestion that the expansion of the Sunda Plate caused the fragmentation of Greater India.

Rhynchosia minima also suggests the landmass wedged between the Asian and Australian continental shelves involves more than the designated Wallacea islands.

Amazon US: https://www.amazon.com/dp/1921313110
Amazon US: https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1921313110

Rhynchosia minima is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common names least snout-bean, burn-mouth-vine, and jumby-bean.
It can be found on every continent.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhynchosia_minima

The Disjunct Distribution of Caryodaphnopsis Airy Shaw suggests the expansion of the Sunda Plate is associated with the opening of the Pacific Ocean.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305409796

Caryodaphnopsis is a genus of 16 species belonging to the flowering plant family Lauraceae, distributed in tropical areas in southern North America, northern South America, and East and Southeast Asia.

They vary from 50-m-high trees to small trees or shrubs in lowland evergreen forest and rainforest.

The genus is distributed across the Pacific, with a marked geographical disjunction between Southeast Asia (South China, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Indonesia, and the Philippines) and tropical America (Costa Rica to Brazil, crossing Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caryodaphnopsis

And the Disjunct Distribution of Saccharum officinarum suggests the Marquesas Islands were a divergent point of departure sometime between 400 and 500 CE.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_sugar

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/01/22/parting-pacific-pottery/
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/07/01/alaskan-muck-the-swing-state/

The Kingdom of Funan was “destroyed” at the Arabian Horizon.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/01/28/indian-salt-kingdom-of-funan/

I guess the mainstream forgot to mention the Sugar Cane Shippers used a fleet of Noah’s Arks full of flora and fauna destined for Disjunct Distribution around the globe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noahs_Ark

One of the more ambitious Austronesian adventure stories involves “successive waves” of migrants surviving the [at a minimum] 6,000 kilometre journey across the Indian Ocean in “outrigger canoes” with sufficient supplies and shelter for themselves and a cargo of sugar cane.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/01/26/indian-salt-the-elephant-bird/

Personally, I favour the Disjunct Distribution by Migrating Landmasses because it’s not a question of “if” but “when?” and “where?”.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/10/28/toto-and-the-phots/

https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft196n99v8&chunk.id=d0e9766&toc.depth=100&brand=ucpress

Gallery | This entry was posted in Arabian Horizon, Books, Catastrophism, Geology, History, Horticulture, Inflating Earth, Old Japanese Cedar Tree, Roman Chronology, Uniformitarianism. Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to Indian Salt: Wallace Line

  1. Pingback: Indian Salt: Kingdom of Funan | MalagaBay

  2. Tim,
    I have a vague suspicion this might have happened around or after the Hecker Horizon event in the Pacific region. There’s a new book about James Cook’s voyages in the Pacific during the 18th Cent (https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2018/09/captain-cook-great-game/) where he draws the eastern coast of Australia as one contiguous shore and no island as Tasmania. Aboriginal myths relate a time when the lands all separated.

    Interesting.

    • malagabay says:

      Louis,
      I wouldn’t be surprised if the inflation / expansion rolled out over the best part of 1,000 years with the peak activity occurring between the Arabian Horizon and Hecker Horizon.

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Australia

      Note
      There is more than a hint [colour, shine and style] that the East Coast [below] was [let’s say] restored at a later date.

      The Globes of Coronelli or Globes of Marly are a pair of globes (terrestrial and celestial) of large size (about 4 meters in diameter) made by Vincenzo Coronelli and offered to Louis XIV at the end of the seventeenth century.

      The terrestrial globe shows the state of geographical knowledge and the knowledge of the indigenous civilizations of the three continents Asia, Africa and America of the Europeans for the decade 1670-1680, while the celestial globe shows the state of the sky at the birth of Louis XIV.

      https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globes_de_Coronelli

      Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator

      A rather special antique map of Australia, with conjectured east coast c 1753 by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin – Carte Reduite des Terres Australes pour servir a l’histoire des voyages. Par le Sr Bellin Ing. De la Marine. De la Societe Royale de Londres &ca 1753.

      https://www.antiqueprintclub.com/Products/Antique-Maps/Australia-New-Zealand-PNG/Australia,-pre-Cook-Carte-Reduite-des-Terres-Austr.aspx

      Lying for the Admiralty
      Margaret Cameron-Ash – 2018

      2018 marks the start of the celebrations of the 250th anniversary of Cook’s Endeavour voyage (1768-1771). Never have Cook’s journals and charts been subjected to such unbiased, forensic examination. The doubts, puzzles and queries raised by J.C. Beaglehole, Cook’s renowned editor and biographer, are answered. Cook’s discoveries had to remain secret until Britain could afford to send an occupation force to fortify the place and keep out the French hence the publication of Cook’s censored journal and charts.

      The author mounts a strong circumstantial case that Cook both discovered Bass Strait and actually gazed upon Sydney Harbour. Her proposition is that Cook and some of his party walked overland from Botany Bay to the Harbour.

      Her case is based on documentary and circumstantial evidence gleaned after meticulous research. She argues that deliberate obfuscation and distortion were tools of trade for the British Admiralty, then effectively run by its long serving and very able Secretary Philip Stephens. Such was the colonial rivalry of the time that paranoia about Admiralty leaks were an incentive for deliberate inaccuracies to be included in formal reports of voyages and exploration.

      Amazon US: https://www.amazon.com/dp/0648043967
      Amazon UK: https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0648043967

      The expedition sailed aboard HMS Endeavour, departing England on 26 August 1768.

      Cook and his crew rounded Cape Horn and continued westward across the Pacific, arriving at Tahiti on 13 April 1769, where the observations of the Venus Transit were made.

      Cook then sailed to New Zealand, taking with him Tupaia, an exceptionally accomplished Tahitian aristocrat and priest, who helped guide him through the Polynesian islands, and mapped the complete coastline, making only some minor errors.

      He then voyaged west, reaching the southeastern coast of Australia on 19 April 1770, and in doing so his expedition became the first recorded Europeans to have encountered its eastern coastline.

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_cook#First_voyage_%281768%E2%80%931771%29

  3. Patrick Donnelly says:

    You neglect the Tibetan Volcano that created Eve/Luna … The crust was dragged hundreds of kms towards that point. The island chains show where China et al used to be.

    The Earth/Adam was once much smaller. The Fall from Eden/Aten and the loss of the EMF pinch meant rapid expansion with the first point to leave being Tibet.

    But always interesting, if drawn out.

    Do you have a timetable for full opening of the lid?

  4. The Coronelli globes are 4 meters in diameter? Constructed during the 17th Century? One, of many, explanation suggests large sized humans must have existed at the time. It seems the Maunder Minimum marked the reduction and/or extinction of large biological species, Moas etc.

    The puzzle, apart from some giant scaled artifacts and architecture, is the existence of physical evidence such as discarded clothing, shoes, and all the other paraphernalia of civilized life.
    So why no corroboration in written works? Or these do exist but because of ideological blinkering, are automatically purged from consideration. This is the way the religious or devout mind works – the near automatic rejection of contradictory data with reference to authority’s dogma, or even worse, an inability to understand contradictory facts or evidence. Dogma erects an intellectual prison within which prescribed thought is used. Facts outside the prison thus become unseen and rejected, not willfully, but as a matter of course from a pervasive lack of self-awareness, something I notice I myself do at times.

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