Three Small Steps for Science

Following the televised virtual reality of “one small step for man” in 1969 it’s about time Natural Philosophers took three small steps for science in the real world.

The Sky Is Blue
From an early age children are taught: “The sky is blue”.

https://archive.org/details/sciencestories02beau/page/7/mode/1up

Children also learn clouds obscure their view of the blue sky.

Sky blue is a colour that resembles the colour of the unclouded sky at noon (azure) reflecting off a metallic surface.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sky_blue

In other words:

The blue sky is above the clouds.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sr_71

Most commercial jetliners have a service (or certificated) ceiling of about 42,000 ft (13 km; 8.0 mi) and some business jets about 51,000 ft (16 km; 9.7 mi). Before its retirement, the Concorde Supersonic transport (SST) routinely flew at 60,000 ft (18 km; 11 mi).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service_ceiling

The blue sky is created by an ionized atmosphere that glows [aka fluoresces].

The ionosphere is the ionized part of Earth’s upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, a region that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere. The ionosphere is ionized by solar radiation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionosphere

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmosphere_of_Earth

The Earth’s ionosphere is a plasma and the magnetosphere contains plasma in the Earth’s surrounding space environment.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(physics)

Gas-filled tubes exploit phenomena related to electric discharge in gases, and operate by ionizing the gas with an applied voltage sufficient to cause electrical conduction by the underlying phenomena of the Townsend discharge.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas-filled_tube

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/04/15/why-the-sky-is-blue/

Once the penny drops that the Earth’s atmosphere fluoresces then it’s one short step for science to realise the fluorescing colours vary with altitude based upon:

a) the mix of gases
and
b) the inbound flux of charged particles and cascading electromagnetic radiation.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_glow

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rgb

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2015/05/27/atmospheric-layers/

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/12/01/cosmic-ray-blues-electromagnetic-shower/

A second short step for science is required to realise the Fraunhofer absorption bands can all be created by the Earth’s atmosphere i.e. the “solar atmosphere” is not required.

In physics and optics, the Fraunhofer lines are a set of spectral absorption lines named after the German physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787–1826).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fraunhofer_lines

Sir David Brewster (1836) found that certain lines had strengths that varied with the sun’s elevation and with the seasons. He correctly ascribed these ‘atmospheric lines’ as originating in the terrestrial atmosphere.

History of Astronomical Spectroscopy – Fraunhofer Lines
LaserStars.org – Y P Varshni and J Talbot – University of Ottawa

http://laserstars.org/spectra/Fraunhofer.html

In the course of the winter observations, I observed distinct lines and bands in the red and green spaces, which at other times wholly disappeared ; but a diligent comparison of these observations soon showed, that these lines and bands depended on the proximity of the sun to the horizon, and were produced by the absorptive action of the earth’s atmosphere.

I have no hesitation, therefore, in affirming, that during the period of my own observations, no change has taken place either in the dark lines or luminous bands of the solar spectrum; a result which seems to indicate, that the apparent body of the sun is not a flame in the ordinary sense of the word, but a solid body raised by intense heat to a state of brilliant incandescence.

The atmospheric lines, as they may be called, or those lines and bands which are absorbed by the elements of our atmosphere, have their distinctness a maximum, when the sun sinks beneath the horizon.

Sir David Brewster on the Lines of the Solar Spectrum
Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science – Volume 8 – 1836

https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.31064/page/n405/mode/1up

It is a curious circumstance, that the atmosphere acts very powerfully round the line D, and on the space immediately on the least refrangible side of it.

It develops a beautiful line in the middle of the double line D, and by enlarging a group of small lines on the red side of D, it creates a band almost as dark as the triple line D itself.

Sir David Brewster on the Lines of the Solar Spectrum
Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science – Volume 8 – 1836

https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.31064/page/n405/mode/1up

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2012/11/26/inventions-and-deceptions-total-solar-irradiance/

The sodium layer is a layer of neutral atoms of sodium within Earth’s mesosphere.

This layer usually lies within an altitude range of 80–105 km (50–65 mi) above sea level and has a depth of about 5 km (3.1 mi).

The sodium comes from the ablation of meteors.

Atmospheric sodium below this layer is normally chemically bound in compounds such as sodium oxide, while the sodium atoms above the layer tend to be ionized.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_layer

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2015/05/27/atmospheric-layers/

A third short step for science is required to realise the White Light called sunshine can be produced in the Earth’s fluorescing atmosphere by the inbound flux of charged particles and cascading electromagnetic radiation.

In 1666, Isaac Newton demonstrated that white light could be broken up into its composite colors by passing it through a prism, then using a second prism to reassemble them.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White#White_light

The solar wind is a stream of charged particles released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, called the corona.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_wind

A stellar wind is a flow of gas ejected from the upper atmosphere of a star. It is distinguished from the bipolar outflows characteristic of young stars by being less collimated, although stellar winds are not generally spherically symmetric.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_wind

Perhaps, for starters, it’s best to focus upon three points from Eric Dollard.

○ You can’t see the sun in free space.
○ There are no light years as there is no light.
○ All the theories collapse when you can’t see the stars in outer space.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2014/06/03/living-in-a-light-bulb/

Note
Frequency Attenuation implies White Light can’t traverse vast distances in space.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/01/16/parallax-postscript/

Gallery | This entry was posted in Astrophysics, Atmospheric Science, Earth, Electric Universe, Science, Solar System. Bookmark the permalink.

12 Responses to Three Small Steps for Science

  1. cadxx says:

    The idea you can’t see stars and the Sun in space has always bothered me. I assume this is because there is no matter for the light to interact with. This being the case, a spacecraft window is matter as is the air inside the spacecraft. Or have I missed something?

    • malagabay says:

      I assume this is because there is no matter for the light to interact with.

      Alternatively:

      1) The Sun doesn’t radiate energy in the visible spectrum.

      2) Star light doesn’t travel very well because of Frequency Attenuation.

      • cadxx says:

        That’s certainly an option.
        I tend to put such things on a back burner.

      • malagabay says:

        Everyone makes their own call on what’s on the back burner.

        The characteristic blue glow of an underwater nuclear reactor is a completely normal phenomenon due to Cherenkov radiation.

        It is named for Soviet physicist Pavel Cherenkov, who shared the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics for its discovery.

        Unlike fluorescence or emission spectra that have characteristic spectral peaks, Cherenkov radiation is continuous.

        Around the visible spectrum, the relative intensity per unit frequency is approximately proportional to the frequency.

        That is, higher frequencies (shorter wavelengths) are more intense in Cherenkov radiation.

        This is why visible Cherenkov radiation is observed to be brilliant blue.

        In fact, most Cherenkov radiation is in the ultraviolet spectrum – it is only with sufficiently accelerated charges that it even becomes visible; the sensitivity of the human eye peaks at green, and is very low in the violet portion of the spectrum.

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherenkov_radiation

  2. Johan B says:

    The independent observer might be interested in Miles Mathis paper “Why is the Sky Blue?”
    Abstract: “I will show that the current explanation is wrong. The color blue is not caused by scattering by molecules in the atmosphere, it is caused by interaction with the Earth’s charge field.”

  3. Johan B says:

    Oops! here is the link
    http://milesmathis.com/sky.html

  4. Wrong identity above. Sorry. (blame it on covid)

  5. There are other mundane objects that radiate ‘light’ and in the visible spectrum. Early luminous watches -if I recall correctly- used a radio-active compound. The early watches I had that were luminous had to be warmed first (in the sun or simply breathing on them). The absorbed infra-red was re-emitted in the green band. Also the early ‘whiter than white’ washing powders apparently had a similar additive.

    As to blue sky, it is not blue at sunrise or sunset when diffraction directs the red component towards us. Yet the aurora borealis, from ionisation, is predominantly green https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjgvGiEHlNs .

  6. cadxx says:

    If (as we are told by the Electric Universe theory) the Sun is a plasma discharge (Dollard) then we know that a plasma discharge gives-off visible light. If you live in an Einsteinian universe you will not see any light because Einstein removed the aether. If you live in a natural philosophers universe you will see the light because you have the aether.

  7. Pingback: Orion’s Blue Balls | MalagaBay

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