It’s time [once again] to snap on the rubber gloves so we can examine Orion’s Blue Balls and get to grips with Max Planck’s Black Body Balls.
The Sky Is Blue Except When It Isn’t
Seeing that the blue sky is above the clouds it comes as a surprise to discover the Space Cadets managed to photograph the Earth on a day in 1972 when the sky wasn’t blue.
The Blue Marble is an image of Earth taken on December 7, 1972, from a distance of about 29,000 kilometers (18,000 miles) from the planet’s surface.
It was taken by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft on its way to the Moon, and is one of the most reproduced images in history.
The image is one of the few to show an almost fully illuminated Earth as the astronauts had the Sun behind them when they took the image.
I know 1972 was a little wacky but the sky was still blue.
It’s more likely Earth looks something like this from 29,000 kilometres.
And from greater distances Earth looks more like a Uranus-Neptune mix.
The mostly featureless light green-blue disk of Uranus was imaged by Voyager 2 on January 14, 1986, when it was about 7.8 million miles (12.6 million km) from the planet.
Today in science: Voyager 2 met Uranus
EarthSky.org – 24 January 2020
This picture of Neptune was produced from the last whole planet images taken through the green and orange filters on the Voyager 2 narrow angle camera. The images were taken at a range of 4.4 million miles from the planet, 4 days and 20 hours before closest approach.
PIA17038: Two Views of Home – 2013-07-22
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Sunlight is White Except When It Isn’t
Seeing that sunlight is white light it comes as a surprise to discover the Space Cadets say the Sun is “yellow” and it’s light is “closer to white than yellow”.
The Sun is a G-type main-sequence star (G2V) based on its spectral class. As such, it is informally and not completely accurately referred to as a yellow dwarf (its light is closer to white than yellow).
They prove their point by providing a pale blue image of their “yellow” Sun.
The visible surface of the Sun, the photosphere, is the layer below which the Sun becomes opaque to visible light. … The spectrum of sunlight has approximately the spectrum of a black-body radiating at 5,777 K, interspersed with atomic absorption lines from the tenuous layers above the photosphere.
Starlight is White Except When It Isn’t
Seeing that the stars of Orion’s Belt produce white light it’s a surprise to discover the Space Cadets say these stars are blue.
The constellation photos resemble more or less the impression of the starry sky we have by naked eye.
They are intended to be quite natural, just the way the well adapted naked eye might see the stars in a clear night at full darkness, little moonlight or at the rest of twilight.
Visual Constellations – A Photographic Field Guide
AlltheSky.com – Till Credner
White light can be generated by the sun, by stars, or by earthbound sources such as fluorescent lamps, white LEDs and incandescent bulbs.
Orion’s Belt or the Belt of Orion, also known as the Three Kings or Three Sisters, is an asterism in the constellation Orion.
Mintaka is designated Delta Orionis, despite being the faintest of the three stars in Orion’s Belt. Its name means “the belt”. It is a multiple star system, composed of a large B-type blue giant and a more massive O-type main-sequence star.
Alnilam is a B-type blue supergiant; despite being nearly twice as far from the Sun as the other two belt stars, its luminosity makes it nearly equal in magnitude.
Alnitak, meaning “the girdle”, is designated Zeta Orionis, and is the easternmost star in Orion’s Belt. It is a triple star system, with the primary star being a hot blue supergiant and the brightest class O star in the night sky.
The Space Cadets have now placed themselves in the comical position where it’s difficult for them to differentiate between a star and Uranus.
If someone doesn’t know their arse from their elbow, they are stupid or they do not know anything about a subject or situation.
TheFreeDictionary.com – Farlex Inc.
The blue comedy is supported by a range of funny images that – one way or another – manage to associate shades of virtual reality blue with Orion’s Belt.
Like all the best SNAFU Science invented in the 20th century this comedy of errors is supported by a miraculous mathematical model.
And like all the best miraculous mathematical models the virtual reality blue of the stars in Orion’s Belt is a product of the inventor’s imagination.
Planck’s law describes the spectral density of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a black body in thermal equilibrium at a given temperature T, when there is no net flow of matter or energy between the body and its environment.
A black body or blackbody is an idealized physical body that absorbs all incident electromagnetic radiation, regardless of frequency or angle of incidence.
Regard or represent as perfect or better than in reality.
A collaboration between Dictionary.com and Oxford University
Max Planck cooked up this Double Delusion Burger in 1900.
In 1900, Max Planck heuristically derived a formula for the observed spectrum by assuming that a hypothetical electrically charged oscillator in a cavity that contained black-body radiation could only change its energy in a minimal increment, E, that was proportional to the frequency of its associated electromagnetic wave.
The 20th century then enthusiastically embraced the mathematical madness.
… stereotypical character … “straight out of central casting”…
In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy is a term that describes an unknown form of energy that affects the universe on the largest scales.
Dark matter is a form of matter thought to account for approximately 85% of the matter in the universe and about a quarter of its total energy density. … dark matter has not yet been observed …
Max Planck’s miraculous mathematics managed to morph the “visible color of an object heated to incandescence” into a mathematically manufactured virtual reality.
Incandescence is the emission of electromagnetic radiation (including visible light) from a hot body as a result of its temperature.
The visible color of an object heated to incandescence from 550°C to 1300°C
Max Planck’s virtual reality increases the temperature associated with “white hot” from 1,300° C to 5,000° C and invents a brand new designer range of “cool” blue temperatures that reach a mathematical “infinite-temperature”.
Curiously, Max Planck’s imaginary range of “cool” blue temperatures doesn’t shift into indigo, violet, or ultraviolet as it travels towards the imaginary “infinite-temperature”.
The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black-body radiator that radiates light of a color comparable to that of the light source.
In practice, color temperature is meaningful only for light sources that do in fact correspond somewhat closely to the radiation of some black body, i.e., light in a range going from red to orange to yellow to white to blueish white; it does not make sense to speak of the color temperature of, e.g., a green or a purple light.
Color temperatures over 5000 K are called “cool colors” (bluish), while lower color temperatures (2700–3000 K) are called “warm colors” (yellowish).
The black-body radiance (Bλ) vs. wavelength (λ) curves for the visible spectrum.
The vertical axes of Planck’s law plots building this animation were proportionally transformed to keep equal areas between functions and horizontal axis for wavelengths 380–780 nm. K indicates the color temperature in kelvins, and M indicates the color temperature in micro reciprocal degrees.
It appears the only claim to fame for Max Planck’s magical mathematics is it’s ability to produce a curve that [roughly] mimics “solar spectral irradiance” in the visible spectrum.
This doesn’t mean the magical mathematics is connected to reality.
Quite the opposite.
Max Planck’s detachment from reality is demonstrated by the Earth’s atmosphere fluorescing in the visible spectrum as it interacts with the cascading flux of solar charged particles and radiation.
The blue sky is created by an ionized atmosphere that glows [aka fluoresces].
This detachment from reality motivates the mainstream to vaporise violet and incinerate indigo.
This new and improved magic rainbow of just five colours [i.e. Indigo invisible and Violet vaporised] enables the Wikipedia Wizards to claim that the sky is blue because short wavelength blue light is scattered more than longer wavelengths.
The mainstream has taken a strong dislike to Violet and excludes her whenever possible.
Overall, Max Planck’s mathematical virtual reality has created a farcical fiction that causes the Space Cadets to [amongst many other mistakes] confuse their stars with Uranus.
SNAFU Scientists should remember that thinking imaginary Black Body Balls are real is a really dumb idea and that throwing about phrases like “Planck’s Law”, “Planck Feedback”, and “Stefan–Boltzmann Law” simply demonstrates a blind belief in Black Body Bull.
Climate change feedback is important in the understanding of global warming because feedback processes may amplify or diminish the effect of each climate forcing, and so play an important part in determining the climate sensitivity and future climate state.
As the temperature of a black body increases, the emission of infrared radiation back into space increases with the fourth power of its absolute temperature according to Stefan–Boltzmann law.
This increases the amount of outgoing radiation as the Earth warms.
The impact of this negative feedback effect is included in global climate models summarized by the IPCC.
This is also called the Planck feedback.
The Stefan–Boltzmann law describes the power radiated from a black body in terms of its temperature.
But, as always:
If you like your Double Delusion Burger prepared with imaginary Black Body Balls then you can keep your Double Delusion Burger with imaginary Black Body Balls.