Treatment Guidelines

¿Can ill advised guidelines become kill advised when implemented?

Early guidelines pushed the “early and aggressive use of ventilators”.

Early in the pandemic, Yadegar’s unit used treatment guidelines that came from doctors around the world, which recommended avoiding anti-inflammatory treatment and recommended early and aggressive use of ventilators to prevent patients from declining further.

Under This Doctor’s Care, Most COVID-19 Patients Are Recovering – The Daily Signal – Kevin Pham – 4 May 2020
https://www.dailysignal.com/2020/05/04/under-this-doctors-care-most-covid-19-patients-are-recovering/

But most Covid-19 patients “never recover” after they’re put on a ventilator.

In fact, using a ventilator is a highly invasive procedure, and the repeated and forced inspiration of air irritates the lungs, which feeds back into the inflammatory cycle.

Many patients, once on a ventilator, never recover.

Under This Doctor’s Care, Most COVID-19 Patients Are Recovering – The Daily Signal – Kevin Pham – 4 May 2020
https://www.dailysignal.com/2020/05/04/under-this-doctors-care-most-covid-19-patients-are-recovering/

Hat Tip: CW

Therefore, it’s very likely, front-line medical staff instructed to follow the early treatment guidelines have [unwittingly] helped to create the most deadly Covid-19 hot spots.

This could be the case in Lombardy.

Inside intensive care unit: Italy fights coronavirus outbreak
Channel 4 News – 16 March 2020

https://youtu.be/rfkbv_WQtn0

This is the story of one small Intensive care team in one hospital at the heart of the country’s coronavirus outbreak in the town of Cremona, just south of Milan

The early guidelines are echoed in the latest Information for Clinicians issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] which state [amongst other things] there are “no drugs” approved to “prevent or treat COVID-19” and patient care includes “mechanical ventilatory support”.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/therapeutic-options.html

The Information for Clinicians issued by the CDC in March 2020 was far more verbose and included a section on “Hydroxychloroquine and Chloroquine”.

Information for Clinicians on Therapeutic Options for COVID-19 Patients
https://web.archive.org/web/20200322002730/https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/therapeutic-options.html

Back then the CDC referenced “one small study” that reported “hydroxychloroquine alone or in combination with azithromycin reduced detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA”.

One small study reported that hydroxychloroquine alone or in combination with azithromycin reduced detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in upper respiratory tract specimens compared with a non-randomized control group but did not assess clinical benefit [7].

Information for Clinicians on Therapeutic Options for COVID-19 Patients
https://web.archive.org/web/20200322002730/https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/therapeutic-options.html

What the CDC forgot to mention was that this “one small study” found that no patients had “PCR-positive samples” after being treated with a combination of hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin for five days.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924857920300996

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/04/15/oxymorons-medical-ethics/

It’s difficult to understand the comment about not assessing the “clinical benefit” because it implies the CDC doesn’t believe there’s a connection between Covid-19 and SARS-CoV-2.

In fact, it’s difficult to understand the Information for Clinicians issued by the CDC because chloroquine+coronavirus research dates back to [at least] 2005.

We report, however, that chloroquine has strong antiviral effects on SARS-CoV infection of primate cells.

These inhibitory effects are observed when the cells are treated with the drug either before or after exposure to the virus, suggesting both prophylactic and therapeutic advantage.

In addition to the well-known functions of chloroquine such as elevations of endosomal pH, the drug appears to interfere with terminal glycosylation of the cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2.

This may negatively influence the virus-receptor binding and abrogate the infection, with further ramifications by the elevation of vesicular pH, resulting in the inhibition of infection and spread of SARS CoV at clinically admissible concentrations.

Conclusion

Chloroquine is effective in preventing the spread of SARS CoV in cell culture.

Favorable inhibition of virus spread was observed when the cells were either treated with chloroquine prior to or after SARS CoV infection.

In addition, the indirect immunofluorescence assay described herein represents a simple and rapid method for screening SARS-CoV antiviral compounds.

Chloroquine is a potent inhibitor of SARS coronavirus infection and spread
Martin J Vincent, Eric Bergeron, Suzanne Benjannet, Bobbie R Erickson, Pierre E Rollin, Thomas G Ksiazek, Nabil G Seidah, and Stuart T Nichol
Virology Journal 2005; 2: 69 – Published online 2005 Aug 22

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1232869/

Hat Tip: Martin Armstrong

Fauci Knew since 2005 that the Malaria Drug Can even Cure Coronaviruses & Conflicts of Interest Abound – Martin Armstrong – 7 May 2020
https://www.armstrongeconomics.com/world-news/corruption/fauci-knew-since-2005-that-the-malaria-drug-can-even-cure-coronaviruses-conflicts-of-interest-abound/

¿Are [future] vaccine profits prioritised above patient care by the CDC?

Gallery | This entry was posted in Economics, History, Medicine. Bookmark the permalink.

14 Responses to Treatment Guidelines

  1. malagabay says:

    Dr Ivette Lozano speaking in Dallas, Texas about COVID-19/Corona Virus – 10th May 2020
    https://youtu.be/Bho803qRmkk

    00:00 my name is Yvette Lozano I’ve practiced
    00:03 medicine in Dallas Texas and have been
    00:05 doing so for the last 20 years I am an
    00:08 activist and that began when Obamacare
    00:11 showed up the reason I’m here today is
    00:14 because I want you to know the truth
    00:16 about this virus
    00:18 I am currently treating Cove admissions
    00:21 in my office let’s start just with some
    00:25 simple numbers and we’ve heard these
    00:27 numbers but I want you to think about
    00:28 them 330 million people in the United
    00:33 States of America 29 million people in
    00:37 the state of Texas 2 million people in
    00:42 Dallas a hundred and eleven dead now
    00:46 when you see those numbers it kind of
    00:49 shocks you that we could stop society
    00:51 for a hundred and eleven deaths let me
    00:55 explain how they do it here is how it is
    00:58 notified to you 27,000 positive kovat
    01:03 tests 3,000 recovered 111 dead
    01:08 well if 3,000 are recovered from 127
    01:11 thousand positive tests
    01:13 that’s 124 thousands that have recovered
    01:15 right because we’ve only got a hundred
    01:18 and eleven deaths the things that I’m
    01:21 gonna tell you today are from my
    01:22 personal experience in my office I don’t
    01:25 want to bring statistics from other
    01:27 physicians because there’s always
    01:29 someone on the left that wants to
    01:31 contradict me so these are my
    01:33 experiences patients that have walked
    01:35 into my office and here’s how they
    01:37 present these patients present with a
    01:41 fever a fever like the fever that you
    01:44 get with malaria it comes on at night
    01:47 they have night sweats these patients
    01:51 present with cough only elicited with
    01:56 deep breath so they are short of breath
    01:58 their lungs are tight as though you
    02:01 would notice with an asthmatic attack
    02:03 but most importantly these patients
    02:06 present in panic they are afraid
    02:10 they are anxious they’re actually afraid
    02:13 to get diagnosed they have been staying
    02:16 at home for days and not coming into the
    02:20 office why is that well that’s real
    02:23 simple when they go to the emergency
    02:24 room they’re turned away if they have a
    02:27 fever
    02:28 they’re sent home and told to quarantine
    02:30 to save the rest of society during those
    02:33 many precious days when they’re sent
    02:35 away and sent home they infect their
    02:37 family members and so a lot of my
    02:39 patients are in groups of families okay
    02:42 this is not just happening in the
    02:44 emergency rooms this is happening in
    02:46 doctors clinics
    02:47 these doctors that are not opening their
    02:49 practice that are all of a sudden
    02:51 implementing telemedicine let me tell
    02:54 you something from a physician that’s
    02:56 been practicing for 29 years I can’t
    02:59 examine you through a computer screen
    03:02 we can’t Facebook or FaceTime for me to
    03:06 see what’s wrong with you
    03:07 I have to touch you it’s called a
    03:09 physical exam and this is what I went to
    03:11 medical school to provide care in the
    03:14 midst of a pandemic not to hide in my
    03:17 fancy home with my fancy cars and my
    03:20 family okay
    03:22 now let’s go a little step further let’s
    03:25 talk about treatment okay you would
    03:28 think that I would get some kind of
    03:30 guidance from the American Medical
    03:31 Association the Texas Medical
    03:33 Association the Dallas County Medical
    03:36 Association well I was on a live
    03:39 telecast and here’s what I heard from
    03:42 the Texas Medical Association we need to
    03:45 increase the TSA’s to bring in foreign
    03:47 medical doctors to help us take care of
    03:49 COBE patients really
    03:53 are you kidding me now the things that I
    03:55 tell you are personal experience I was
    03:58 on that car needless to say that was my
    04:01 last car right okay so where and how did
    04:06 I learn how to treat Kobe pitches well
    04:10 I’m gonna tell you I learned it from the
    04:12 president the United States Donald Trump
    04:16 so when this pandemic started President
    04:20 Trump was giving daily interviews to the
    04:24 media and he came across because you
    04:27 realize as president the United States
    04:29 he’s dealing with heads of states of
    04:31 other countries and he came across a
    04:33 treatment protocol that had been
    04:36 successful in France
    04:37 yes one doctor had treated 29 patients
    04:41 and every single patient had survived
    04:44 and every single patient had improved
    04:46 and President Trump thought that that
    04:48 was newsworthy god forbid he share that
    04:51 with doctors we didn’t receive any
    04:53 advance from the local medical agencies
    04:56 that we all pony up our money to belong
    04:59 to and become members of so I wrote
    05:01 these things down I wrote these
    05:03 medications down and I waited and waited
    05:05 for my Kovach patients that just didn’t
    05:08 come in because you see they were going
    05:10 to hospitals and emergency emergency
    05:12 rooms and they were going to employee
    05:14 clinics looking for treatment and they
    05:17 were being sent home and told to
    05:18 quarantine for 14 days don’t come out
    05:22 protect the community well what about
    05:24 them what about their health so they
    05:27 started slipping through the cracks and
    05:28 calling me me are you open hell yes I
    05:32 come in absolutely and as they came in I
    05:39 implemented the only thing that I had
    05:42 heard that had worked in other countries
    05:45 countries that had been inflicted with
    05:47 this virus before we even knew its name
    05:49 and so I wrote a prescription and I sent
    05:53 them home and I added a little bit to
    05:56 the protocol that President Trump gave
    05:58 as I’m a physician and it’s called the
    06:00 practice
    06:01 medicine so I gave them a couple of
    06:03 shots yes
    06:05 antibiotic shots in the but not one
    06:07 single one denied thing and guess what I
    06:10 found to my surprise the very next day
    06:12 they were all amazingly better
    06:17 [Applause]
    06:20 completely Simkin freak and here’s the
    06:23 take-home message for all of you
    06:25 it’s called hydroxychloroquine ona
    06:28 hydroxychloroquine it costs $13 $13 it’s
    06:34 been on the market for 60 years
    06:35 it is the candy for lupus it is
    06:38 considered a vitamin for arthritis
    06:40 patients and for some reason those
    06:44 bureaucrats that are standing next to
    06:46 our president that think that they know
    06:48 more about medicine than I do
    06:50 are telling me I can’t use it it is in
    06:54 fact not only are they’re telling me I
    06:55 can’t use it
    06:57 in two states it’s completely illegal to
    06:59 prescribe this right most of my
    07:02 colleagues are afraid to use it because
    07:04 the agencies that they work for have
    07:07 told them that the risk is too high
    07:09 liability it hasn’t been FDA approved
    07:12 well FDA can approve you know what on my
    07:14 behind clinic that are cured of this
    07:21 disease I have patients that recovered
    07:23 within 48 hours
    07:24 in fact the illness that they had was
    07:27 more caused by the stress and the fear
    07:29 of the propaganda that’s being spewed on
    07:32 the news media and by the actual virus
    07:35 okay now I’m going to shock you a little
    07:38 bit more after my first or second or
    07:42 third script to the pharmacy which again
    07:44 readily available $15 for
    07:47 hydroxychloroquine $15 for zithromax I
    07:51 got a phone call from the pharmacist he
    07:54 wanted to talk to me he wanted me to
    07:56 tell him what the diagnosis was for my
    07:59 patient number one and what was the
    08:01 diagnosis for patient B and patient C
    08:03 and I very quickly told him that I
    08:06 not have to give him that information
    08:08 [Applause]
    08:11 it’s worse here’s what the pharmacist
    08:14 told me I’m not gonna prescribe this I’m
    08:16 not gonna fill it I’m not gonna dispense
    08:18 it without a diagnosis I told him this
    08:23 is privileged information between me and
    08:25 the patient your job is to put the pills
    08:27 in the bottle remember we talked about
    08:32 the freedoms and the liberties that
    08:34 we’re losing without you and me even
    08:37 knowing that we’re losing them okay here
    08:39 it goes guys every time you go to the
    08:42 pharmacist the Pharmacy Board has stated
    08:44 that those two prescriptions starting in
    08:47 early March will not be dispensed by a
    08:50 pharmacist unless it comes with a
    08:53 diagnosis yeah I have fought with them I
    08:55 have yelled at them I slammed the phone
    08:58 I called political leaders such as
    09:00 Senator Bob Hall to fight the Pharmacy
    09:04 Board with me
    09:05 we have fake baba we have made progress
    09:08 but to no avail
    09:10 if I do not give a diagnosis this
    09:13 medication that is life-saving in my
    09:15 opinion will not be dispensed by the
    09:18 pharmacist
    09:18 his hands are tied now gets even a
    09:22 little worse than that because I figured
    09:23 out how to get around that and I’ll tell
    09:25 my fellow physicians you want to just
    09:27 your prescribe hydroxychloroquine one
    09:29 patient has hypertension you want to
    09:32 prescribe hydrides to clarin all they
    09:33 want is a diagnosis
    09:35 how about diabetes you want prescribe
    09:37 hydroxychloroquine hey let’s do and
    09:44 trust me I’ve been on the phone with the
    09:46 pharmacy board I’ve left messages so
    09:48 that’s how I’m gonna do it because I
    09:50 swore to protect the identity and
    09:53 confidentiality of my patients and I
    09:55 will continue to do that
    09:57 me I think we do things that are
    10:00 incorrect we need to be thrown under the
    10:02 bus so here’s the latest from the
    10:04 medical field okay if you have a
    10:07 prescription for hydroxychloroquine and
    10:10 you happen to want to fill this at
    10:12 Walgreens and yes I want Walgreens and
    10:15 they’re administers and administrative
    10:17 offices to hear me they have instructed
    10:19 their pharmacist to give you a friendly
    10:21 call and to let you know they think more
    10:24 than love come in through the
    10:26 drive-through you’re not welcome to come
    10:28 into their stores if you’re taking a
    10:30 prescription for hydroxychloroquine
    10:32 they’re gonna personally call you and
    10:34 tell you that they want you to come
    10:37 through the driveway well you know what
    10:39 maybe later they’ll ask you to wear a
    10:40 yellow star on your shirt starting last
    10:45 week when I discovered that this was
    10:47 renown upon Walgreens I’ve decided and
    10:50 encouraged all of my patients to go
    10:53 elsewhere
    10:54 now here’s what I told the pharmacist I
    10:56 am from the time of AIDS a general
    11:00 surgeon by training when we went into
    11:02 the operating room we didn’t have a good
    11:04 test for HIV so all of us assumed that
    11:08 every single patient on that surgical
    11:10 table was infected with HIV and we
    11:14 protected ourselves appropriately I
    11:17 don’t believe that we need to
    11:19 discriminate because patients have
    11:21 contacted this virus which as was stated
    11:24 is 98 percent treatable with no
    11:28 medication 90% of people recover for
    11:33 those 2% that are sick the president of
    11:36 the United States has given us a
    11:38 phenomenal protocol that I’m telling you
    11:41 in my patient population between the
    11:44 ages of 30 and 55 are responding
    11:48 phenomenally okay so here’s how we’re
    11:51 gonna treat our coma patients I’m gonna
    11:54 treat every patient walking into the
    11:55 office as though he has Kovac and I’m
    11:58 not gonna make him feel like he’s a
    11:59 leopard or has leprosy and I’m
    12:01 definitely not gonna discriminate with
    12:03 him I’m gonna calm him down I’m gonna
    12:06 reassure him that there’s treatment
    12:08 protocols out there now my question is
    12:10 why is the media not doing the same why
    12:14 is the media blocking every single post
    12:16 that I make on Facebook in regards to
    12:19 this medication and where are our
    12:22 politicians that are supposed to be our
    12:25 freedom fighters I want to hear them
    12:28 yelling it from the mountaintops and so
    12:31 I am here today to thank you for the
    12:34 opportunity to speak with you to
    12:36 reassure you that it is not dangerous or
    12:39 scary to go to a restaurant to go get
    12:42 your hair done to go shopping exposure
    12:50 to sunlight gathering because we’re in
    12:53 up moods reach out to your physicians
    12:57 tell them that you’re not scared tell
    12:59 them to open their doors tell them you
    13:00 don’t want to see their assistants you
    13:02 want to see them and call your
    13:04 politicians it’s time to open Texas
    13:13 thank you

  2. THX1138 says:

    Dr. Andrew Kaufman MD & guests discussing what COVID-19/Coronavirus is = Scam – YouTube

  3. malagabay says:

    Thank you.
    Andrew Kaufman gets to the heart of the matter.

    Another remarkable aspect of “viruses” is that any claimed relationship to a disease isn’t validated using Koch’s postulates.

    See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/05/04/exorcists-and-extortionists/

  4. malagabay says:

    Hydroxychloroqine – a cheap, widely-prescribed anti-malaria drug which was deemed safe for decades until it showed efficacy treating coronavirus – needs to be made “widely available and promoted immediately for physicians to prescribe,” according to Yale epidemiologist Dr. Harvey Risch.

    In a Wedensday manuscript detailing how high-risk COVID-19 patients should be treated, Risch notes that the combination of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and the antibiotic azithromycin (AZ) “has been widely misrepresented in both clinical reportsand public media,” and that “Five studies, including two controlled clinical trials, have demonstrated significant major outpatient treatment efficacy.”

    Yale Epidemiologist: Hydroxychloroquine Should Be ‘Widely Available And Promoted Immediately’ As Standard Treatment
    Zero Hedge – Tyler Durden – 31 May 2020

    https://www.zerohedge.com/health/yale-epidemiologist-hydroxychloroquine-should-be-widely-available-and-promoted-immediately

  5. malagabay says:

    German leaked Docs and Coronavirus
    Strategic Culture Foundation – 29 May 2020

    Germany’s federal government and mainstream media are engaged in damage control after a report that challenges the established Corona narrative leaked from the interior ministry.

    The report focuses on the “manifold and heavy consequences of the Corona measures” and warns that these are “grave”.

    More people are dying because of state-imposed Corona-measures than they are being killed by the virus.

    German Official Leaks Report Denouncing Corona as ‘A Global False Alarm’
    Strategic Culture Foundation – Daniele Pozzati – May 29, 2020

    https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2020/05/29/german-official-leaks-report-denouncing-corona-as-global-false-alarm/

  6. malagabay says:

    Coronavirus: How they deliberately terrified us
    Vernon Coleman – 30 May 2020

    Government threatened, manipulated, and deliberately terrified its citizens for a bug they knew was no worse than the flu

    International best-selling author, Dr Vernon Coleman MB ChB DSc FRSA, tells the true story of how a government threatened, manipulated and deliberately terrified its citizens for a bug they knew was no worse than the flu.

    http://www.vernoncoleman.com

  7. Pingback: Scaring Sheeples | Louis Hissink's Crazy World

  8. malagabay says:

    Over 95% of “COVID Deaths” recorded in England and Wales had potentially serious comorbidities, according to statistics released by NHS England.

    Simply put:

    Of the 27045 deaths with Covid19 in English hospitals (up to June 3rd), only 1318 had no pre-existing conditions.

    That’s less than 5%.

    This mirrors, almost exactly, the statistics reported in Italy back in March.

    Further, the PCR test for coronavirus can return false positives in up to 80% of cases, so it’s entirely possible the majority of these deaths never even had the virus.

    Zero Hedge – Tyler Durden 12 June 2020
    https://www.zerohedge.com/markets/over-95-uk-covid-19-deaths-had-pre-existing-condition

    Off Guardian – 9 June 2020
    https://off-guardian.org/2020/06/09/report-over-95-of-uk-covid19-deaths-had-pre-existing-condition/

  9. malagabay says:

    The case against the medical mafia is looking a lot stonger.

    Giuseppina La Rosa, who headed up a forthcoming study from Italy’s National Health Institute, said: “Traces of SARS-Cov-2 have been found in samples of waste water taken in Milan and Turin on Dec. 18 and in Bologna on Jan. 29. More traces were detected in other test samples through January and February.”

    Coronavirus Was Found In Italy’s Sewage As Early As Last December
    Zero Hedge – Tyler Durden – 20 June 2020

    https://www.zerohedge.com/geopolitical/coronavirus-was-found-italys-sewage-early-last-december

    See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/03/31/an-italian-tale/

  10. malagabay says:

    UK Column News is asking all right questions.

    What was COVID-19 doing before the lockdown was invoked?

    Why do excess deaths only spike after the lockdown was invoked?

    And

    Why have under-18 deaths fallen so dramatically in the US?

    UK Column News – 29th June 2020 https://youtu.be/0MjJEpM1pBY

  11. malagabay says:

    Researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of over 2,500 patients hospitalized between March 10 and May 2 in the Henry Ford Health System in Michigan.

    Over 2,000 of the patients were given hydroxychloroquine or the anti-malarial with azithromycin, an antibiotic.

    The study found 13 percent of those who received hydroxychloroquine alone died compared to 26.4 percent who didn’t receive the drug.

    Hydroxychloroquine alone decreased the mortality hazard ratio by 66 percent and the anti-malarial with the antibiotic decreased the ratio by 71 percent, researchers said.

    The median age of patients was 64.

    The group was 51 percent male and 56 percent African-American.

    Hydroxychloroquine Lowers COVID-19 Death Rate, US Study Finds
    The Epoch Times – Zachary Stieber – 2 July 2020

    https://www.theepochtimes.com/hydroxychloroquine-lowers-covid-19-death-rate-us-study-finds_3410208.html

  12. malagabay says:

    In a Commissioners Court hearing for Collin County on May 18th, it was revealed that while previously the determination of a Covid “case” was a confirmed test result, the definition was suddenly changed to count “probable” cases as “cases.”

    At the same time, the threshold for determining “probable” was lowered to a ridiculous level.

    As Judge Hill said at that May 18th meeting, “If you have a subjective fever and you have a headache and you live in Collin County, you now meet the qualifications to be a probable COVID patient. It is remarkable how low the standard is now.”

    Even worse, once a “probable” case was determined based on possibly unrelated subjective criteria, up to 15 people in possible contact with that “probable” case were also listed as “probable cases.”

    And “probable cases” were considered cases.

    Repeat that farce across Texas and is it any wonder there was a “spike” in “cases”?

    Is the Texas Covid ‘Spike’ Fake News?
    Ron Paul Institute – Ron Paul – 6 July 2020

    http://ronpaulinstitute.org/archives/featured-articles/2020/july/06/is-the-texas-covid-spike-fake-news/

  13. malagabay says:

    Did care homes use powerful sedatives to speed Covid deaths?
    Number of prescriptions for the drug midazolam doubled during height of the pandemic

    Powerful sedative prescriptions doubled at the height of the coronavirus crisis
    Prescribing of the drug midazolam increased by more than 100% in April
    Whistleblowers also claimed to have witnessed misuse of sedatives

    The number of prescriptions for a powerful sedative that can kill the frail doubled at the height of the coronavirus pandemic, raising fears it was used to control elderly residents in stretched care homes – or even to hasten their deaths.

    Official figures show out-of-hospital prescribing of the drug midazolam increased by more than 100 per cent in April compared to previous months.

    An anti-euthanasia campaigner last night said he suspected that the spike was evidence that many people had been put on end-of-life protocols or ‘pathways’.

    Whistleblowers also claimed to have witnessed misuse of sedatives, with staff told to give them to dementia patients to stop them wandering the corridors.

    The Mail On Sunday – Stephen Adams and Holly Bancroft – 12 July 2020
    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8514081/Number-prescriptions-drug-midazolam-doubled-height-pandemic.html

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