Bordeaux Brickwork

Back to basics with Bordeaux brickwork…

Michel de Montaigne became mayor of Bordeaux in 1581.

William Shakespeare was 17 when, in 1580, the eminent French philosopher and essayist Michel de Montaigne passed through the Aurelian walls via the Porta del Popolo and entered the city of Rome.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/09/10/clark-whelton-double-interment/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Montaigne

Montaigne was born in the Aquitaine region of France, on the family estate Château de Montaigne, in a town now called Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne, close to Bordeaux.

While in the city of Lucca in 1581, he learned that, like his father before him, he had been elected mayor of Bordeaux. He returned and served as mayor. He was re-elected in 1583 and served until 1585, again moderating between Catholics and Protestants. The plague broke out in Bordeaux toward the end of his second term in office, in 1585. In 1586, the plague and the French Wars of Religion prompted him to leave his château for two years.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_de_Montaigne

http://1886.u-bordeaux-montaigne.fr/items/show/7310

Montaigne died of quinsy at the age of 59, in 1592 at the Château de Montaigne. … He was buried nearby.

Later his remains were moved to the church of Saint Antoine at Bordeaux. The church no longer exists: it became the Convent des Feuillants, which also has disappeared.

The Bordeaux Tourist Office says that Montaigne is buried at the Musée Aquitaine, Faculté des Lettres, Université Bordeaux 3 Michel de Montaigne, Pessac.

His heart is preserved in the parish church of Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_de_Montaigne

Travelling back in time from Michel de Montaigne the Timeline of Bordeaux provided by Wikipedia includes a remarkable 287 year gap around the Hecker Horizon and a gargantuan gap around the Heinsohn Horizon as the narrative falls into the Academic Abyss.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Bordeaux

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/10/10/three-flavours-of-700-year-old-fudge/

The 287 year gap around the Hecker Horizon provides strong support for Edwin Johnson’s version of history that ends in 1400 CE.

Edwin Johnson’s version of history seems the most realistic because it’s 700 years of fudge ends with the Hecker Horizon in 1400 CE.

This is wonderfully illustrated by their Notable Nuns narrative that screeches to an abrupt halt at the beginning of the Hecker Horizon in 1302.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/10/10/three-flavours-of-700-year-old-fudge/

Edwin Johnson (1842–1901) was an English historian, best known for his radical criticisms of Christian historiography.

In The Pauline Epistles and The Rise of English Culture Johnson made the radical claim that the whole of the so-called Dark Ages between 700 and 1400 A. D. had never occurred, but had been invented by Christian writers who created imaginary characters and events.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Johnson_%28historian%29

In Bordeaux the Hecker Horizon marks the point of separation in the English and French narratives caused by the opening and/or flooding of the La Manche aka English Channel.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/09/24/shaping-the-saxon-shore/

12th century to the 15th century, the English era

From the 12th to the 15th century Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine to the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who within months of their wedding became King Henry II of England [1154-1189].

The city flourished, primarily due to the wine trade, and the cathedral of St. André and the belfry (Grosse Cloche) were built.

After granting a tax-free trade status with England, King Henry II was adored by the locals as they could be even more profitable in the wine trade, their main source of income.

The city cathedral St. Cathédrale St-André was built in 1227, incorporating the artisan quarter of Saint-Paul. It was also the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was annexed by France, and so extended its territory.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/04/23/roman-chronology-legendary-legions/

Myth Makers have worked overtime to fill Bordeaux’s gargantuan gap [before the Heinsohn Horizon] with swashbuckling tales of derring-do that can satisfy the credulous cravings of adolescent academics for fantasy fiction.

The Battle of Burdigala (the Roman name for Bordeaux, with stress on the ‘i’) was a battle of the Cimbrian War that occurred in the year 107 BC.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Burdigala

The Cimbrian or Cimbric War (113–101 BC) was fought between the Roman Republic and the Germanic and Celtic tribes of the Cimbri and the Teutones, Ambrones and Tigurini, who migrated from the Jutland peninsula into Roman controlled territory, and clashed with Rome and her allies.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimbrian_War

These fantastic fables lack credible evidence and contain some crazy continuity that has the Vandals sacking Bordeaux 130 years before the Vandals crossed the Rhine.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/05/24/latin-languages-vanished-visigoths/

In 276 it [Bordeaux] was sacked by the Vandals.

The Vandals attacked again in 409

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

Around 400, raids by the Huns from the east forced many Germanic tribes to migrate west into the territory of the Roman Empire and, fearing that they might be targeted next, the Vandals were also pushed westwards, crossing the Rhine into Gaul along with other tribes in 406. In 409 the Vandals crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula, where their main groups, the Hasdingi and the Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (northwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vandals

The visualised visitation of the Vandals was so successful Bordeaux subsequently reprised the Great Sack Race with the virtual Visigoths and the fairytale Franks.

The Great Sack Race was a pan-European game of skill, strength and ingenuity.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/06/05/ravenna-revisited-the-great-sack-race/

The Vandals attacked again in 409, followed by the Visigoths in 414, and the Franks in 498, and afterwards the city fell into a period of relative obscurity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

BORDEAUX (France), the ancient Burdigala, the metropolis of Aquitania Secunda, rebuilt by the Romans after a fire, A.D. 261, was taken by Adolphus, King of the Goths, in 412 ;

A Manual of Dates – George Henry Townsend – 1867
https://archive.org/details/manualofdatesdic00townrich/page/160/mode/1up

Athaulf (also Athavulf, Atawulf, or Ataulf, Latinized as Ataulphus) (370-415) was king of the Visigoths from 411 to 415.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athaulf

Bordeaux is the largest city in Aquitaine.

Accounts of Aquitania during the Early Middle Ages are a blur, lacking precision, but there was much unrest.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquitaine#History

The virtual Visigoths are heroic icons for schoolboys of all ages.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/11/18/gothic-wars-of-the-roman-empire-no-sale/

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/10/20/ravenna-revealed-curious-clues/

While the fairytale Franks are fashion icons for schoolgirls of all ages.

The Franks were a group of Germanic peoples whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, and associated with tribes between the Lower Rhine and the Ems River, on the edge of the Roman Empire.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franks

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_I

Clovis, no less strenuous in actual fight than wise and cunning in council, exposed himself to every danger, and fought hand to hand with Alaric himself.

Yet the latter was not slain in the field, but in the disorderly flight into which the Goths were quickly driven.

The victorious Franks pursued them as far as Bordeaux, where Clovis passed the winter, while Theoderic, his son, was overrunning Auvergne, Quincy, and Rovergne.

The Franks – Walter Copland Perry – 1857
https://archive.org/details/franksfromtheirf00perruoft/page/87/mode/1up

In the spring of 507 Clovis led out his army, and marched through the country round about Tours, on the way to Poitiers.

Clovis had a narrow escape from death at the hands of two Gothic lancers, but the speed of his horse or the strength of his mail sufficed to save him.

Pushing southward without delay, he took the rich seaport of Burdigala (Bordeaux), which was one of the chief centres of academic learning as well as of trade in Gaul, and, marching along the right bank of the Garumna, secured Tolosa, the capital of the Visigoth kingdom.

The Franks – Lewis Sergeant – 1898
https://archive.org/details/franksfromtheiro00serg/page/143/mode/1up

Chlodovech conquers Aquitaine 507

Whether from cowardice, or from distrust of his own generalship, Alaric held back from fighting, but his army forced him to give battle. He attacked the Franks, was utterly defeated, and fell with the greater part of his men.

So crushed were the Visigoths by the disaster that Chlodovech was able to overrun all the provinces between the Loire and the Garonne without striking another blow. He entered Bordeaux in triumph, and there spent the winter.

The Dark Ages 476-918 – Charles William Chadwick Oman – 1898
https://archive.org/details/darkages47691800omanuoft/page/62/mode/1up

https://archive.org/details/franksfromtheiro00serg/page/106/mode/1up

The “Normans” entered the Great Sack Race in 848 and these terrifying time-travellers [somehow or other] burned down and butchered Bordeaux 63 years before they materialised in 911.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikings#Expansion

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com

After having twice escaped from the Normans, in 844 and 845, the city, in spite of
its solid ramparts, could not resist in 848. It [Bordeaux] was taken, burned down and the population butchered.

Bordeaux – Unesco Nomination File – 2007
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1256/documents/

Reign: 911–928

Rollo (c. 860 – c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rollo

The Normans were an ethnic group that arose from contact between Norse Viking settlers of a region in France, named Normandy after them, and indigenous Franks and Gallo-Romans.

The distinct cultural and ethnic identity of the Normans emerged initially in the first half of the 10th century, and it continued to evolve over the succeeding centuries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normans

The Myth Makers also worked overtime filling Bordeaux’s gargantuan gap with vignettes featuring the Severan Dynasty for the “Roman” picture book.

Bordeaux … came under Roman rule around 60 BC, and it became an important commercial centre for tin and lead.

It continued to flourish, especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century), and acquired the status of capital of Roman Aquitaine.

During this period were built the amphitheatre and the momument Les Piliers de Tutelle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com

Le Palais Gallien – The Gallien Palace

The remains of the amphitheatre, known as the Gallien palace, are the only remaining Gallo-Roman monuments (the name Gallien palace, given in the Middle Ages, implied that Charlemagne had this palace built for a legendary wife, Galenius).

Its small walls interrupted every seven seats by a triple brick chain make the monument date from the time of the Severus, the first quarter of the 3rd century.

This amphitheatre, which could hold 15,000 spectators, was in the shape of an oval measuring 134 m x 110 m.

Its monumental doorway, still well preserved in the rue du Docteur-Albert-Barraud, was 22 metres high.

Its frame and bleachers were made of wood, which explains the force with which the fire spread during a fire in 276.

Bordeaux – Unesco Nomination File – 2007
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1256/documents/

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com

Les Piliers de Tutelle – The Pillars of Trusteeship

A second monument dating from the same period, the Pillars of Trusteeship, located at the north-west corner of the Grand Theatre, was still in fairly good condition when it was demolished in 1677 to enlarge the Castle.

Engravings show the Tutelage Pillars as an imposing rectangular Corinthian peristyle on a strong base.

Bordeaux – Unesco Nomination File – 2007
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1256/documents/

Note:
It’s doubtful Les Piliers de Tutelle is a Severan structure.

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com

… recent excavations in 2003 led to the discovery of a péribole, which proves that it is indeed a temple.

In the middle of the 9th century, the Arab geographer Al Himyari described this monument for the first time: north of Bordeaux, there is a building that can be seen from afar and that rests on high and thick columns: it was the palace of Titus.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piliers_de_Tutelle

A péribole is a sacred enclosure around ancient temples.

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%A9ribole

Note
Maison Carrée in Nîmes is said to have been completed in 2 AD.

The Maison Carrée is an ancient Roman temple in Nîmes, southern France; it is one of the best preserved Roman temples to survive in the territory of the former Roman Empire.

It is a hexastyle design with six Corinthian columns under the pediment at either end, and pseudoperipteral in that twenty engaged columns are embedded along the walls of the cella. Above the columns, the architrave is divided into three levels with ratios of 1:2:3.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maison_Carr%C3%A9e

Even though the Severan Dynasty was founded by a Carthaginian.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_roman_emperors

The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235. The dynasty was founded by the general Septimius Severus, who rose to power as the victor of the Civil War of 193–197.

Lucius Septimius Severus was born to a family of Phoenicia equestrian rank in Leptis Magna, the Roman province of Africa proconsularis, in modern-day Libya.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Severan_dynasty

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Africa_proconsularis

Leptis or Lepcis Magna, also known by other names in antiquity, was a prominent city of the Carthaginian Empire and Roman Libya at the mouth of the Wadi Lebdam in the Mediterranean.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leptis_Magna

Phoenicia was an ancient Semitic-speaking thalassocratic civilization that originated in the Levant region of the eastern Mediterranean, specifically Lebanon, west of the Fertile Crescent. It was concentrated along the coast of modern Lebanon and included parts of which are now coastal Syria and coastal northern Israel reaching as far south as Acre, and possibly further towards Gaza.

The civilization spread across the Mediterranean between 1500 and 300 BCE, establishing colonies from Cyprus to the Iberian Peninsula.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicia

Carthage was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia. Carthage was widely considered the most important trading hub of the Ancient Mediterranean and was arguably one of the most affluent cities of the classical world.

The city developed from a Phoenician colony into the capital of a Punic empire which dominated large parts of the Southwest Mediterranean during the first millennium BC.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carthage

Even though the Severans brought Carthaginian brickwork to Bordeaux.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/09/24/shaping-the-saxon-shore/
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/05/17/latin-languages-purged-punic/
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/09/28/the-great-splice/

The Arabian Horizon is missing in the Timeline of Bordeaux but it may [or may not] appear [garbled and misdated] as:

1) Being devastated by the “Saracens” in 529.
and/or
2) Being plundered by the “Andalusian Muslims” in 732.

BORDEAUX (France), the ancient Burdigala, the metropolis of Aquitania Secunda, rebuilt by the Romans after a fire, A.D. 261, was taken by Adolphus, King of the Goths, in 412 ; recovered by Clovis I. in 508 ; devastated by the Saracens in 529 ; and suffered repeatedly from the ravages of the Danes.

A Manual of Dates – George Henry Townsend – 1867
https://archive.org/details/manualofdatesdic00townrich/page/160/mode/1up

ANDALUCIA (Spain), anciently VANDALUCIA, a large province, that at one time formed part of the Roman colony of Baetica. The Vandals conquered it early in the 5th century, and on their passing over to Africa, A.D. 429, the Visigoths obtained possession.

They were expelled, in 711, by the Moors, who, in spite of various reverses, did not finally relax their hold until 1492, when their last possessions in Andalucia reverted to the Spaniards.

A Manual of Dates – George Henry Townsend – 1867
https://archive.org/details/manualofdatesdic00townrich/page/55/mode/1up

In 732 the city [Bordeaux] was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman who stormed the fortifications and overwhelmed the Aquitanian garrison.

Duke Eudes mustered a force to engage the Umayyads, eventually engaging them in the Battle of the River Garonne [732] somewhere near the river Dordogne. The battle had a high death toll, and although Eudes was defeated he had enough troops to engage in the Battle of Poitiers [aka Battle of Tours] and so retain his grip on Aquitaine.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

Abd al-Rahman ibn Abd Allah al-Ghafiqi (died 732), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, was an Umayyad commander of Andalusian Muslims. He unsuccessfully led into battle against the forces of Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours on October 10, 732 AD.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdul_Rahman_Al_Ghafiqi

Either way:

The Arabian Horizon marked the end of the Carthaginian Empire.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2018/05/20/latin-languages-italic-iberians/

The Arabian Horizon also marks the end of the compact Old World.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/15/close-to-the-edge/

An Old World where Celtic communities once thrived.

Around 300 BC the region was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, named the town Burdigala, probably of Aquitanian origin.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bordeaux

The Bituriges Vivisci were one of the tribes of Gaul. The tribe’s capital was in Burdigala, modern-day Bordeaux. The Vivisci traded wine which they produced themselves.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bituriges_Vivisci

The Bituriges (Gaulish: “kings of the world”;[1][2] also Bituriges Cubi) were a tribe of Celtic Gaul with its capital at Bourges (Avaricum), whose territory corresponds to the former province of Berry.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bituriges

Wikipedia is very tight-lipped about the Farmborough Hoard of gold staters.

Wikipedia seems reluctant to link these gold staters with the Dobunni Celts.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2019/11/11/bristol-mendip-hoard-of-1866/

The Dobunni were one of the Iron Age tribes living in the British Isles prior to the Roman invasion of Britain.

The tribe lived in the part of southwestern Britain that today broadly coincides with the English counties of Bristol, Gloucestershire and the north of Somerset, although at times their territory may have extended into parts of what are now Herefordshire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and Warwickshire. Their capital acquired the Roman name of Corinium Dobunnorum, which is today known as Cirencester.

Rulers Anted[…], Eisu[…], Catti[…], Comux, Inam[…], Corio[…], Boduoc[…]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dobunni

https://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/449465

An Old World where language and culture migrated Westwards from India.

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2016/07/08/catastrophic-english-monier-williams-dictionary/

Gallery | This entry was posted in Arabian Horizon, Catastrophism, Hecker Horizon, Heinsohn Horizon, History, Old Japanese Cedar Tree, Roman Chronology. Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to Bordeaux Brickwork

  1. Yry says:

    Thank you Tim for these spectacular proofs!

    Here is another background view of Bordeaux in its heyday which might prove useful to you datewise.

    Translated Excerpts by myself.

    Local native poets like Ausonne and St-Paulin would fervently laud the city of ‘Nitentem Burdigalani’ (i.e. Bordeaux).

    The founders and inhabitants of Bordeaux were called the ‘Bituriges vivisques’ under Caesar.

    The question raised by Jacques Baurein in 1773 was to find out whether Burdigalani had been submitted through conquest or through a willful submission to Rome.

    This is all the more difficult as historians of present time [in 1773] remain profoundly silent over this topic.

    Jacques Baurein proposed that it was indeed through a voluntary submission during Caesar’s time.

    Pliny did mention that the ‘Bituriges gosques’ et les ‘Bituriges vivisques’ were tax exempt as opposed to the Aquitains (surrounding Aquitaine region).

    The Aquitains were subjected by Crassus a first time and once again by Valerius Messola, lieutenant general of Augustus, in the year 726 of the foundation of Rome.

    A text from from ‘Caesar’s Comments’ seems to indicate the type of valuable “service’ which had been negotiated between Rome and the ‘Bituriges vivisques’ in exchange for freedom: – The Roman general Decium Brutus as fleet Commander in Gaul was in fact provided with ad hoc boats by the ‘Bituriges vivisques’ to fight against the ‘Venetes’.

    As it happened, the ‘Bituriges vivisques’ went to the extent of offering to Caesar’s nephew Augustus a famous altar originally located in a superb fine stone building, later on displaced to the current Town Hall (of 1773 Bordeaux).

    How are we to be persuaded that with this superb building (with altar), a masterpiece of Antiquity, standing for the wealth and good taste of the city, that Bordeaux had simply been till the 3rd century a shapeless confusing heap of thatched cottages?

    Cfer: “Dissertation dans laquelle on examine en quel temps et comment Bordeaux tomba au pouvoir des Romains” par/by Jacques Baurein 1773. (Essay in which is examined when and how Bordeaux fell to Roman power.) 8-page manuscript.
    http://bibliotheque.bordeaux.fr/

  2. Olga says:

    I find all this fascinating – but I have to ask – what is the actual year for the year of the “scamdemic”?

  3. Yry says:

    @ olga

    About the timing/dating of the “scamdemic”, chronologist Jef Demolder suggests:

    “The great catastrophe took place in the 17th century, let us say in about 1650, and was followed by a recovery period of three generations, until about 1750.
    Pompeii [as an example] has simply been destroyed by the eruption of the Vesuvius in 1631 AD. And as Pompeii is an antique Roman city, this means that the Greco-Roman civilization [World Commonwealth] was ended by the great catastrophe in about 1650.”

    “It remains clear to me that the creation of Christianity and the crystallization of Judaism and Islam occurred in the 16th century, prepared in the protorenaissance, [while] the great catastrophe intervened AFTER the creation of Christianity.”

    “Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778) and others in the 18th century drawing/painting Greco-Roman ruins, are on their right place in chronology. They ARE documenting the great catastrophe in the second half of the recovery period.
    Through his paintings, François de Nomé reports the great catastrophe. Cities like New York or San Francisco, developed after the American independence, are restorations of ruined antique cities.”
    Cfer: https://jefdemolder.blogspot.com/2019/09/adjusting-my-concept-of-chronology.html?view=flipcard

    ——–

    IMO greater catastrophes happened before ca 1650 as researched tirelessly by Tim and others on this blog. It remains to find out to what political extent the Ancient World was modified in its structure and its human behaviours.
    For example, populations were feudalized to reconstruct agriculture and multiply birthrates after the catastrophes of the 10th & 11th centuries.
    — Ironically, the trend these last months has to do with eliminating as many people as possible out of a supposed overpopulation on Earth (eugenism) and enslave the leftover through authoritarian scare tactics in order to bypass the colossal debts of the West achieving thus a planned free-meal reset…

    And yes, between 1680 and 1712 great instabilities did happen, our Sun even arced with our planet several times among other things.

    Cheers, Yry

  4. Pingback: Bordeaux Bilge | MalagaBay

  5. Pingback: Hecker Horizon and the Plunging Penny | MalagaBay

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