Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth

Let’s start 2021 with a very simple demonstration of Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth that’s so basic even Earth Scientists might start to understand the dynamics of our planet.

This very simple experiment demonstrates how Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth transformed the [straight line] Fortunate Isles into the [curved] Cape Verde Islands.

Modern Earth Scientists have problems finding [amongst many other things] the Fortunate Isles because they can’t find a longitudinally aligned island chain off the West coast of North Africa.

Malagabay – Fortunate Isles Revisited
https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2020/12/08/fortunate-isles-revisited/

Gather together the following items if you wish to follow the demonstration yourself.

○ A small ball or globe
○ A round cup with a diameter slightly smaller then the ball or globe
○ A small piece of card
○ A pencil
○ A pair of scissors

Mark-up and cut-out a small semi-circle from the card.

The diameter of the semi-circle should be slightly smaller that the diameter of the globe.

In this example the semi-circle in the card fits the globe at [about] latitude 30° North.

Move the card towards the Equator to see what happens when the globe inflates.

The card forms a dome that arches well above the surface at the Equator.

This scale of doming is not observed in the real world.

However, if the card slowly rotates as it slides down towards the Equator it can maintain a very snug fit with the curved surface of the globe i.e. the path of least resistance.

The path of least resistance is the physical or metaphorical pathway that provides the least resistance to forward motion by a given object or entity, among a set of alternative paths. The concept is often used to describe why an object or entity takes a given path.

The way in which water flows is often given as an example for the idea.

Wikipedia – Path of least resistance
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Path_of_least_resistance

Curved island chains are observed in the real world.

The very evident latitudinal banding observed on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean suggests landmasses that aren’t initially free to slide and rotate [on Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth] have a tendency to form Shear Bands.

The last fifty years have seen a sizeable number of small-scale ocean bottom maps published for general audiences, which provided design references for making the Seafloor Map of Hawaiʻi.

The pioneer in this effort, Austrian artist Heinrich Berann, painted a series of ocean maps in the 1960s and 1970s for National Geographic and the US Navy based on data compiled by Marie Tharp and Bruce Heezen (Lawrence, 1999).

Mountains Unseen: Developing a Relief Map of the Hawaiian Seafloor
Tom Patterson, National Park Service

https://cartographicperspectives.org/index.php/journal/article/view/cp76-patterson/1295

Shear Bands are observed in the real world.

Malaga Bay- Avalon
https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/avalon/

Shear Bands that break-free slide and rotate on the surface of Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth until they collide to create new sutured landmasses.

Malaga Bay- Avalon
https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/avalon/

In structural geology, a suture is a joining together along a major fault zone, of separate terranes, tectonic units that have different plate tectonic, metamorphic and paleogeographic histories.

The term was borrowed from surgery where it describes the sewing together of two pieces of tissue, but the sutures of the skull, where separate plates of bone have fused, may be a better metaphor.

Wikipedia – Suture (geology)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suture_%28geology%29

As always:

Review the evidence and draw your own conclusions.

This entry was posted in Geology, History, Inflating Earth. Bookmark the permalink.

7 Responses to Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth

  1. Patrick Donnelly says:

    The Old Testament clearly states that the ocean (basins) were created in a day. That swelling of the Earth was the result of the pressure inside no longer being in balance with the external pressure, from the stellar pinches. These pinches were no longer effective, as Earth had left the star.

    Subsequent expansion would have occurred with the addition of a new planet: Venus. In fact, something terrible happened and the moon of the new planet remained behind becoming Mercury. The planets assumed their current position, meaning the onion shells of the star that had applied to Earth were now applying to them and the Earth had moved onto a shell two positions weaker. The pinches are much weaker at a distance from the star. The internal pinches are so strong that one shell causes fusion and lightning discharges continuously: the photosphere.

    This shell appears to be very sensitive to continuous power from the Filament. It will disappear in 30 years for 3 days or less and then reappear with the new star, a bluer tint, probably green. The Corona continues in this interregnum, according to the Phoenix story

  2. malagabay says:

    Repeating the demonstration on a larger globe indicates a Shear Band must be rotated and tilted to fit the curvature of a larger sphere.

  3. Pingback: Ptolemy’s Inflating Earth – Glyn Hnutu-healh: History, Alchemy, and Me

  4. Louis Hissink says:

    Sheer vs. Shear: Sheer means abrupt termination, sheer ice wall, for example. Shear, OTOH, implies lateral ripping or rotation. Given the limitation of SQL it is crucial to get the spelling right. This mentioned, lateral forces orthogonal to gravity imply exogenous forcings, unless it could be shown that gravity can generate orthogonal force vectors. Just lobbing one into the pit.

  5. The evidence in this thread may not require an inflating Globe, and may be explained by other processes.
    First: according to theory the earth’s crust floats on non-solid ‘mantle’. Therefore due to earth rotation centrifugal forces (+ coriolis) act on the brittle crust. Result is tensile spreading of crust in places, forming stretching and grabens, and listric collapse and sea-floor spreading. Or compressive stresses causing subduction and forming/pushing up mountains.
    Theory, and the results of research, indicate that relaxation from such stresses result in both tilting and rotation of the moving blocks of crust. Most evident at continental margins.
    The Mediterranean is a particular spot; see some references below.
    But this here link makes for a better and unique example since the rotations are derived from man-made structures. https://melitamegalithic.wordpress.com/2019/02/03/searching-evidence-5-tectonic-rotations/

    https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/92JB02749

    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223628885_Structural_evidence_for_deformation_by_block_rotation_in_the_context_of_transpressive_tectonics_northwestern_Sicily_Italy

    https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/2015JB012264

    https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Janpieter_Van_Dijk3/publication/222475994_Neotectonic_rotations_in_the_Calabrian_Arc_implications_for_a_Pliocene-Recent_geodynamic_scenario_for_the_Central_Mediterranean/links/5d8b6f8792851c33e93bee56/Neotectonic-rotations-in-the-Calabrian-Arc-implications-for-a-Pliocene-Recent-geodynamic-scenario-for-the-Central-Mediterranean.pdf

  6. Re “Shear” see Wiki here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shear_band
    Wiki says ” shear bands or, more generally, ‘localized deformations’ usually develop within a broad range of ductile materials (alloys, metals, granular materials, plastics, polymers, and soils)”. But they are ‘failure planes’ resulting from combinations of shear and tensile/compressive forces.

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