Category Archives: Radiocarbon Dating

Saxon Special Deposits

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The surreal Saxon Swamp is located in the land of Collegiate Cognitive Dissonance. The Second World War ushered in a revival of the Anglo-Saxon Pit-Hut concept in Britain which resulted in the erection of over 3½ million Anderson Shelters that … Continue reading

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The Fold Up Beds of Glen Roy

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The Parallel Roads of Glen Roy are said to be a curious “geological puzzle” that the awfully clever Gradualist Geologists have solved by stating they are “a series of ice-dammed proglacial lake shorelines”. However, if these awfully clever Gradualist Geologists … Continue reading

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Dating the Dark Earth: The Devil’s Kneading Trough

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One of the more celebrated Dark Earth sites subjected to the sophisticated Settled Science of radiocarbon dating is the very aptly named Devil’s Kneading Trough in Kent. Along the chalk downs in southern England there are a number of short, … Continue reading

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Dating the Dark Earth: A Tale of Two Techniques

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Academic evaluations over the last sixty years have slowly cracked the cypher of an embarrassing enigma that has enfeebled and incapacitated many Earth Scientists. Undaunted by the dangers a relay of dedicated professions have persistently pursued and diligently documented a … Continue reading

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The Red Score: The Baffin Crucible

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Patricia Sutherland is an archaeologist who makes judgements based upon the “evidence offered”. In temperate North America numerous finds have been proposed as evidence of a Norse presence, but none aside from L’Anse aux Meadows has achieved general scholarly acceptance. … Continue reading

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The Arabian Horizon: The Wet Deluge

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Tucked away in the annuals of history there is one story of cataclysmic rainfall that defies the general rule that reports of “a torrential downpour that lasts 40 days” are thin on the ground. Ancient narrators were not reticent to … Continue reading

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Denver Dust Bowl

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A lot of sand gets blown around in Colorado. Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve is a United States National Park located in the San Luis Valley, in the easternmost parts of Alamosa County and Saguache County, Colorado, United … Continue reading

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Antarctic Guide to the First Millennium

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There is no official mainstream historical narrative for Antarctica during the 1st millennium because [so we are told] Antarctica was only discovered in 1820. In 1820, several expeditions claimed to have been the first to have sighted the ice shelf … Continue reading

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Guest Post by Louis Hissink

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One of the problems with ice core data is working out how quickly deposited snow becomes buried. Ice is peculiar in that, unlike silicate sediments such as clays and silts, it undergoes physical phase transformations that complicates subsequent stratigraphical analysis. … Continue reading

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Greenland Guide to the First Millennium

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The archaeological narrative for Greenland in the 1st Millennium is essentially one long hiatus [aka lacuna aka void] that is only disturbed by the error bars of radiocarbon dating. The mainstream historical narrative only begins after the Heinsohn Horizon with … Continue reading

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Irish Guide to the First Millennium

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In Europe it’s now possible to recalibrate the Irish Oaks Δ14C chronology for the 1st Millennium using my trusty digitised Japanese Cedar Isotopic Tree Thermometer. An initial comparison of the Japanese and Irish chronologies doesn’t appear very promising but there … Continue reading

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Newgrange Dog and Pony Show

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The well practised Magicians of Irish Archaeology have successfully drawn their audience’s attention away from the spectacular Round Towers of Ireland by turning the Newgrange monument into an eye-catching Dog and Pony Show that they breathlessly assert is “older than … Continue reading

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Murry Salby: Control of Atmospheric CO2

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Murry Salby is an atmospheric scientist who does not support CO2 Settled Science. Murry Lewis Salby is an atmospheric scientist who focused on upper atmospheric wave propagation for most of his early career, and who more recently has argued against … Continue reading

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Parting Pacific Pottery

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This is a simple tale of broken pottery and shattered Settled Science. The story is so simple it can be understood by children [and Earth Scientists on a good day]. The narrative’s central theme is that ancient humans [and other … Continue reading

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Carbon 14: The Baikal Excursions

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Radiocarbon dating usually provides Settled Science with reassuringly robust results. However, there are exceptions to every rule and Settled Science finds the deep waters of Lake Baikal [in southern Siberia] particularly unsettling. At 636 km (395 mi) long and 79 … Continue reading

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The Deluge

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Most commentators seem to conflate the dictionary definitions of the word deluge so they can concentrate upon floods and inundations. A flood myth or deluge myth is a narrative in which a great flood, usually sent by a deity or … Continue reading

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The Ups and Downs of Sea Level

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Although Earth Scientists aren’t renowned for their mathematical skills these awfully clever Earth Scientists are very proud of their accounting skills when it comes to sea level. This is a remarkable achievement considering they haven’t yet decided whether water is … Continue reading

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Peat Bogs and The Heinsohn Horizon

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The mainstream climate narrative occasionally encounters discrepancies around the Heinsohn Horizon in the tenth century. Working backwards through the mainstream historical narrative we arrive at the Heinsohn Horizon in the 930s where the mainstream narrative falls into The Academic Abyss … Continue reading

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Korea and The Heinsohn Horizon

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The history of Korea during the first millennium provides many fascinating parallels with the mainstream historical narrative developed by Western academics. Both narratives were constructed long after the event [based upon long lost sources] to further the political and religious … Continue reading

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Fat Finger Forensics – Stretching The Truth

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The Greenland GRIP ice core chronology was constructed using Flow Modeling which [if we didn’t know better] appears to contain the hallmarks of a simple goal seeking exercise designed to confirm the narrative of an interglacial preceded by an Ice … Continue reading

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The Frozen Fat Finger Fudge

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The Zoe ice core chronology between 1937 and 1951 shows the ammonium and nitrate traces are generally well [but not perfectly: see 1938] synchronised with well defined annual peaks during the [northern hemisphere] summer. The ammonium data have been multiplied … Continue reading

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The Little Ice Age

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François Matthes introduced The Little Ice Age into the mainstream narrative in 1939 and within a decade the storyline of The Little Ice Age was firmly established as a period of glacier advances between 1600 and 1850 AD. The Little … Continue reading

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The Medieval Warm Period and The Heinsohn Horizon

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The Medieval Warm Period was originally proposed by Hubert Lamb in 1965. The Medieval Warm Period (MWP) is generally thought to have occurred from about AD 950–1250, during the European Middle Ages. In 1965 Hubert Lamb, one of the first … Continue reading

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Mike Baillie and The Heinsohn Horizon

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Mike Baillie is a leading expert in dendrochronology. Michael G. L. “Mike” Baillie is Professor Emeritus of Palaeoecology at Queen’s University of Belfast, in Northern Ireland. Baillie is a leading expert in dendrochronology, or dating by means of tree-rings. In … Continue reading

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Isotopic Tree Thermometers and The Heinsohn Horizon

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In 1976 Leona Libby introduced the world to Isotopic Tree Thermometers. Libby showed that the atmospheric ratio of stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes is preserved in tree-rings and demonstrated that this isotopic ratio is determined by atmospheric temperatures [at the … Continue reading

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Heinsohn and The Missing Trees

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One of the problems researchers encounter as they work their way back through history towards the Heinsohn Horizon is that trees have an alarming tendency to disappear into the oblivion of the Academic Abyss. Working backwards through the mainstream historical … Continue reading

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Soft Centred Science

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This is the Kiplingesque story of How the Earth Got its Soft Centre and it would be totally unbelievable except for the involvement of Earth Scientists who are renowned for being Big Softies – particularly between the ears. He’s been … Continue reading

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Dating Offa’s Dyke

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Offa’s Dyke is a large linear earthwork that roughly follows the border between England and Wales. The Dyke, which was up to 65 feet (20 m) wide (including its flanking ditch) and 8 feet (2.4 m) high, traversed low ground, … Continue reading

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The Heinsohn Horizon: The Academic Abyss

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Working backwards through the mainstream historical narrative we arrive at the Heinsohn Horizon in the 930s where the mainstream narrative falls into The Academic Abyss and degenerates into fiction, fantasy and fabrication for a period of 700 [phantom] years. Mainstream … Continue reading

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The Cholesterol Correlation – The Elephant in the Room

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The publication in 1953 of the [now] infamous cherry-picked graphic by Ancel Keys [claiming a clear correlation between degenerative heart disease deaths and dietary doses of fat] encouraged John Yudkin to delve into the murky depths of diet, death and … Continue reading

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de Vries Events

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One of the stranger stories embedded in mainstream mythology is the [roughly] 210 year de Vries Cycle in solar activity which was discovered by reading the proxy tealeaves provided by ΔC14 in tree rings, Be10 levels in ice cores and … Continue reading

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Greenland: Heinsohn’s Phantom Years

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Mainstream historical narratives for 1st millennium Europe are usually based upon some form of splicing and dicing that, somehow, manages to fabricate a 1,000 years worth of history based upon only [about] 300 years worth of archaeological or dendrochronological evidence. … Continue reading

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A Carbon-14 Chronology

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Mainstream Chronologies face major problems whenever they mix the artistry of dendrochronology with the science of radiocarbon dating. These problems initially arise because numerous procedures in dendrochronology are based upon subjective human intervention: Sample selection: which trees should be sampled … Continue reading

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Dendrochronology: Disastrous Data

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Michael Baillie has posted a Tree-ring and Radiocarbon Rebuttal to Gunnar Heinsohn’s 700 Phantom Years hypothesis over at http://www.q-mag.org . http://www.q-mag.org/the-1st-millennium-a-d-chronology-controversy.html Click to access baillie-dendrochronology-gunnar.pdf Unsurprisingly, Michael Baillie is not impressed and dismisses the Phantom Years as “semantic games with … Continue reading

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Catastrophic Chronology

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I am [again] indebted to the Society for Interdisciplinary Studies for their encyclopaedic knowledge of the Catastrophic canon and [especially] for their comments and observations. Strangely, he does not mention Heribert Illig, the SIS member who came up with the … Continue reading

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