Category Archives: Roman Chronology

Latin Languages: Italic Iberians

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The academic assertion that Spanish is a Latin Language is the equivalent to asserting the title of Shakespeare’s Macbeth should be called MacDuff because Lady Macduff makes a brief appearance towards the end of the play. Lady Macduff is a … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Purged Punic

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The Phoenicians [like the Greeks] have been written out of the Spanish linguistic narrative. They say that history is written by the conquerors, but this wasn’t the case for the Phoenicians. That is probably because, although they settled in the … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Desert

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The academic consensus is that North Africa became “much drier” about 5,000 years ago. The Neolithic Subpluvial, or the Holocene Wet Phase, was an extended period (from about 7500–7000 BCE to about 3500–3000 BCE) of wet and rainy conditions in … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: The Etruscan Mystery

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One enduring mystery is the extinction of the Etruscan language in 50 AD. The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Nile Valley

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When it comes to ancient monuments: Rome beats Cairo by 8 to 3 Egyptian obelisks. But when it comes to burying Roman ruins: Cairo beats Rome by 66 to 15 feet deep. In Roman Egypt, Heliopolis belonged to the province … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Credibility Gap

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The chronology of the Roman Empire is built directly upon the very shaky foundations of the Crisis of the Roman Republic which may [or may not] have lasted from 134 to 27 BC. Unfortunately, the academics can’t agree upon whether … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Legendary Legions

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The Roman Legions have fired the imaginations of many generations of people. A Roman legion was a large unit of the Roman army. … For most of the Roman Imperial period, the legions formed the Roman army’s elite heavy infantry, … Continue reading

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Gunnar Heinsohn: Comments on 300 Year Repeaters

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Please find below my comments on the 300 year “repeaters” referred to in The Cock-Up of the 3rd Century and Roman Chronology: Crime Scene Reconstruction. 300 YEAR “REPEATERS” My claim that, during the 8th-10th century CE, Imperial Antiquity (1st-3rd c. … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Crime Scene Reconstruction

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In theory: a crime scene reconstruction provides some useful insights. In practice: a crime scene reconstruction can also provide some real surprises. Crime reconstruction or crime scene reconstruction is the forensic science discipline in which one gains “explicit knowledge of … Continue reading

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The Cock-Up of the 3rd Century

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Getting to grips with a reconciliation error is usually a laborious exercise that involves critically examining the data, identifying errors and [very occasionally] discovering malfeasance. However, reconciling a 60 Year Discrepancy in Roman history is another story altogether. 60 Year … Continue reading

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Marcomannia

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According to Edward Gibbon the moral Decline of the Roman Empire was caused by a loss of civic virtue whilst the physical Fall of the Roman Empire was outsourced to barbarians. The History of the Decline and Fall of the … Continue reading

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Groundhog Year

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In the broad sweep of history the mainstream narrative implies the Julian Calendar was in “general use” across Europe throughout the Medieval Period. The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the … Continue reading

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The Heinsohn Horizon: Four Sackings and a Tsunami

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Textbook history for Roman Alexandria includes a series of disasters beginning in 115 AD. In AD 115, large parts of Alexandria were destroyed during the Kitos War, which gave Hadrian and his architect, Decriannus, an opportunity to rebuild it. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandria#Ancient_eraContinue reading

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Deranged Dating: The Roman Problem

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One of the quaint aspects of academia is it’s claim that Dendrochronology is “scientific”. Dendrochronology (or tree-ring dating) is the scientific method of dating tree rings (also called growth rings) to the exact year they were formed in order to … Continue reading

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The Heinsohn Horizon and The Parting of the Red Sea

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One of the points of commonality between the history of Hindu Astronomy and Leona Libby’s Old Japanese Cedar Tree Chronology is that they both suggest there was [roughly] a 300 year period of geological and cultural disruption leading up to … Continue reading

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The Heinsohn Horizon and The Migration Period

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Gunnar Heinsohn very politely points out the 700 years between the 230s and 930s AD “have neither strata nor tree samples”. Therefore, some 700 years of the 1st millennium (230 to 930s) have neither strata nor tree samples for C14 … Continue reading

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The Silchester Mystery

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Archaeologists have learnt a lot about Roman Silchester [aka Calleva] in the last 125 years. Calleva, formally Calleva Atrebatum (“Calleva of the Atrebates”), was an Iron Age oppidum and subsequently a town in the Roman province of Britannia and the … Continue reading

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European Islands of Culture

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As the months tick by a few more pieces of the puzzle fall [roughly] into place regarding the reshaping of Northern Europe between the Arabian Horizon and Heinsohn Horizon. The remarkable geographic changes that occurred during this [roughly] 300 year … Continue reading

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Ravenna Revisited: A Byzantine Birth

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Success and growth are usually associated with organisational challenges. For the Etruscan Ecclesiastical Empire these challenges were especially interesting because whenever they acquired a new territory or culture they also acquired it’s history. Their greatest challenge was shaping and retro-fitting … Continue reading

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Ravenna Revisited: Triple Point

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Foreword The mainstream has a pathological predilection to prioritise “cock-up before conspiracy”. Hanlon’s razor is an aphorism expressed in various ways including “Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity” or “Don’t assume bad intentions over neglect … Continue reading

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