Category Archives: Roman Chronology

The Marne Money Manufactory

This gallery contains 26 photos.

This paper was read before the Numismatic Society on 22nd November 1838.

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Bristol-Mendip Hoard of 1866

This gallery contains 41 photos.

Somerset silver stashes lead to sequencing surprises and solid gold.

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Ravenna Revealed: Curious Clues

This gallery contains 62 photos.

The mosaics of San Giovanni Evangelista provide some very curious clues.

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Ravenna Revealed

This gallery contains 22 photos.

Serendipity serves up some surprises.

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Three Flavours of 700 Year Old Fudge

This gallery contains 18 photos.

The last 2,000 years have been punctuated by three catastrophic horizons that have spawned three different versions of history.

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Alaskan Muck: Sol Invictus

This gallery contains 33 photos.

Buckle-up for a bumpy ride managing your cognitive dissonance as the Alaskan Muck series ends with a bang as the Solar Parallax and Sol Invictus fall into place.

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Alaskan Muck: The Road To Aleppo

This gallery contains 17 photos.

It’s unlikely travellers on the Road to Damascus will convert to catastrophism or challenge the chronology but travellers on the Road to Aleppo have an opportunity to observe the pieces of the puzzle falling into place.

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Fiery Trigons: 1st Millennium Diagnosis

This gallery contains 28 photos.

Can Johannes Kepler’s esoteric astrology provide 1st millennium insights?

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The Roman Empire In Three Acts

This gallery contains 22 photos.

The Roman Empire narrative is best understood as a theatrical production.

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Roads to Rome

This gallery contains 16 photos.

To understand why Roads Lead To Rome it’s important to understand what happened when the level of the Mediterranean Sea dropped precipitously.

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Spinning Southern Africa

This gallery contains 13 photos.

The gradualist assumptions underpinning the Earth Sciences come into sharp focus when the geomagnetic history of Southern Africa is taken for a spin.

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P for Pederasty

This gallery contains 21 photos.

When reviewing ancient artefacts it’s useful to remember the ancient pederastic iconography associated with bearded and clean shaven men.

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Iceland’s Ice

This gallery contains 11 photos.

It’s not hard to guess that Iceland is icy. The clue, after all, is in the name. But guessing the age of Iceland’s ice is more challenging.

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Plague of Justinian

This gallery contains 10 photos.

One of life’s truisms is: You can’t have your cake and eat it.

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G for Gothicus

This gallery contains 10 photos.

In theory: Inscribed “Gothicus” Victory Titles should be fairly rare before 337 AD.

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Macedonian Madness

This gallery contains 16 photos.

A leisurely rummage through the history of Roman Victory Titles reveals some very unexpected curiosities when serendipity intervenes.

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N for Numeral

This gallery contains 23 photos.

The history of Latin Numerals is a surprisingly controversial subject primarily because the Etruscan roots of Latin Numerals are cast in stone in Scotland.

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The Great Splice

This gallery contains 22 photos.

Sometimes it’s difficult to avoid concluding the historical narrative has been spliced and diced to create a desired happy ending.

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Shaping Roman Scotland

This gallery contains 18 photos.

Roman forts reflect the geological changes that have shaped Scotland and Scottish history.

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B for Bikini

This gallery contains 22 photos.

Although experts prefer to avoid authenticity arguments there comes a point when even casual observers wonder: Did Roman Men really wear Tights? Did Roman Women really wear Bikinis?

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E for Elephant

This gallery contains 13 photos.

Roman History has – just like an elephant – wrinkles. But – unlike an elephant – Roman History forgets and fudges it’s embarrassing blemishes.

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Clark Whelton: Double Interment

This gallery contains 30 photos.

William Shakespeare was 17 when, in 1580, the eminent French philosopher and essayist Michel de Montaigne passed through the Aurelian walls via the Porta del Popolo and entered the city of Rome.

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C for Colossal

This gallery contains 27 photos.

The remaining body parts of the Colossus of Constantine are an enduring reminder that students are taught to ignore truly colossal levels of Cogitative Dissonance.

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F for Fake

This gallery contains 21 photos.

The Farnese Atlas is a remarkable sculpture associated with even more remarkable claims.

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P for Porphyry

This gallery contains 27 photos.

Whilst perusing porphyry sculptures serendipity supplied some surprises.

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A for Augustus

This gallery contains 27 photos.

Taking a sideways look at the historical narrative encompassing the death of the Roman Republic and it’s subsequent resurrection as the Roman Empire highlights some curious characters and discordant data.

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M for Marcus

This gallery contains 30 photos.

Applying the Sagan Standard to Roman History means: Extraordinary Roman Narratives require Extraordinary Roman Evidence. The Sagan standard is an aphorism that asserts that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence“.

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E for Epigraphy

This gallery contains 7 photos.

The interpretation of inscriptions has a very long history. Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing … Continue reading

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Amphitheatre of Serdica

This gallery contains 15 photos.

This summer serendipity sends Malaga Bay to Bulgaria. Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Red Sea

This gallery contains 23 photos.

The Egyptian grand tour of Roman ruination concludes with a relaxed Red Sea cruise. The cruise is an excuse for a Red Sea Romp through the dusty archives of ancient annals, medieval manuscripts, archaeological articles and the mainstream mindset. Passengers … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Red Sea Hills

This gallery contains 41 photos.

The Roman narrative for Egypt includes the quarrying of monumental hard stones and the mining of gold, emeralds and amethyst in the Red Sea Hills of the Eastern Desert that separates the Nile from the Red Sea. To the east … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Italic Iberians

This gallery contains 19 photos.

The academic assertion that Spanish is a Latin Language is the equivalent to asserting the title of Shakespeare’s Macbeth should be called MacDuff because Lady Macduff makes a brief appearance towards the end of the play. Lady Macduff is a … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Purged Punic

This gallery contains 18 photos.

The Phoenicians [like the Greeks] have been written out of the Spanish linguistic narrative. They say that history is written by the conquerors, but this wasn’t the case for the Phoenicians. That is probably because, although they settled in the … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Desert

This gallery contains 50 photos.

The academic consensus is that North Africa became “much drier” about 5,000 years ago. The Neolithic Subpluvial, or the Holocene Wet Phase, was an extended period (from about 7500–7000 BCE to about 3500–3000 BCE) of wet and rainy conditions in … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: The Etruscan Mystery

This gallery contains 16 photos.

One enduring mystery is the extinction of the Etruscan language in 50 AD. The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and … Continue reading

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