Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Red Sea Hills

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The Roman narrative for Egypt includes the quarrying of monumental hard stones and the mining of gold, emeralds and amethyst in the Red Sea Hills of the Eastern Desert that separates the Nile from the Red Sea. To the east … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Vanished Visigoths

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At the beginning of the 5th century many migrants are said to have arrived in Iberia. The Visigoths, Suebi, Vandals and Alans arrived in Spain by crossing the Pyrenees mountain range, leading to the establishment of the Suebi Kingdom in … Continue reading

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Gunnar Heinsohn: Finding Bede’s Missing Metropolis – Part Two

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The End of Lundenwic, Londinium, and Roman Civilization In many cities of the 1st millennium, excavators find traces of massive destruction, which not only bring temporary setbacks, but the final demise. They almost never ask for supra-regional causes for their … Continue reading

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Gunnar Heinsohn: Finding Bede’s Missing Metropolis – Part One

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Londinium and Lundenwic – Side By Side in Space and Time Beda Venerabilis (672-735 AD), in his Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation (II. 3), provided us with a description of Londinium in 604 AD: “Their metropolis is the city … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Italic Iberians

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The academic assertion that Spanish is a Latin Language is the equivalent to asserting the title of Shakespeare’s Macbeth should be called MacDuff because Lady Macduff makes a brief appearance towards the end of the play. Lady Macduff is a … Continue reading

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Louis Hissink: Medusa and Venus

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Human traditions of mighty celestial snakes or serpents in the sky wreaking havoc and destruction on the Earth’s surface remain inexplicable, principally because any geological features that could be associated with these heavenly prodigies are believed to be absent. Absent … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Purged Punic

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The Phoenicians [like the Greeks] have been written out of the Spanish linguistic narrative. They say that history is written by the conquerors, but this wasn’t the case for the Phoenicians. That is probably because, although they settled in the … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Ionian Iberians

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The linguistic narrative for Iberia begins with isolated Iberians idly talking amongst themselves. According to this narrative the literary abilities of the Iberians hadn’t advanced beyond writing “the names of their dead on gravestones” when the Romans arrived in 218 … Continue reading

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Latin Languages: Cognate Dissonance

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Cognitive Dissonance reigns supreme in the European lands of Latin Languages. One study analyzing the degree of differentiation of Romance languages in comparison to Latin (comparing phonology, inflection, discourse, syntax, vocabulary, and intonation) indicated the following percentages (the higher the … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Desert

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The academic consensus is that North Africa became “much drier” about 5,000 years ago. The Neolithic Subpluvial, or the Holocene Wet Phase, was an extended period (from about 7500–7000 BCE to about 3500–3000 BCE) of wet and rainy conditions in … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: The Etruscan Mystery

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One enduring mystery is the extinction of the Etruscan language in 50 AD. The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Nile Valley

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When it comes to ancient monuments: Rome beats Cairo by 8 to 3 Egyptian obelisks. But when it comes to burying Roman ruins: Cairo beats Rome by 66 to 15 feet deep. In Roman Egypt, Heliopolis belonged to the province … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Credibility Gap

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The chronology of the Roman Empire is built directly upon the very shaky foundations of the Crisis of the Roman Republic which may [or may not] have lasted from 134 to 27 BC. Unfortunately, the academics can’t agree upon whether … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Legendary Legions

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The Roman Legions have fired the imaginations of many generations of people. A Roman legion was a large unit of the Roman army. … For most of the Roman Imperial period, the legions formed the Roman army’s elite heavy infantry, … Continue reading

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Gunnar Heinsohn: Comments on 300 Year Repeaters

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Please find below my comments on the 300 year “repeaters” referred to in The Cock-Up of the 3rd Century and Roman Chronology: Crime Scene Reconstruction. 300 YEAR “REPEATERS” My claim that, during the 8th-10th century CE, Imperial Antiquity (1st-3rd c. … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Nile Delta

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One of the many enigmas confronting gradualist academics is Roman Egypt. On the one hand: The history of Graeco-Roman Egypt makes many Western academics dewy-eyed. https://archive.org/stream/ldpd_8542907_000#page/n27/mode/1up Alexandria was founded around a small, ancient Egyptian town c. 332 BC by Alexander … Continue reading

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Catacombs of Rome

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The Catacombs of Rome are truly remarkable. Firstly: The Catacombs of Rome include underground burial niches carved into soft volcanic rock. The Catacombs of Rome are ancient catacombs, underground burial places under Rome, Italy, of which there are at least … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Crime Scene Reconstruction

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In theory: a crime scene reconstruction provides some useful insights. In practice: a crime scene reconstruction can also provide some real surprises. Crime reconstruction or crime scene reconstruction is the forensic science discipline in which one gains “explicit knowledge of … Continue reading

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The Cock-Up of the 3rd Century

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Getting to grips with a reconciliation error is usually a laborious exercise that involves critically examining the data, identifying errors and [very occasionally] discovering malfeasance. However, reconciling a 60 Year Discrepancy in Roman history is another story altogether. 60 Year … Continue reading

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The Destruction of Ancient Rome

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Rodolfo Lanciani was an archaeologist who produced “unsurpassed” plans of Ancient Rome. Rodolfo Amedeo Lanciani (1845 – 1929) was an Italian archaeologist, a pioneering student of ancient Roman topography, and among his many excavations was that of the House of … Continue reading

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