Category Archives: Catastrophism

Shaping The Saxon Shore

This gallery contains 27 photos.

The histories of Britain and France are closely coupled because Britain was once part of Europe. Understanding their histories requires an appreciation of when Britain separated from Europe. Advertisements

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Shaping Roman Scotland

This gallery contains 18 photos.

Roman forts reflect the geological changes that have shaped Scotland and Scottish history.

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Clark Whelton: Double Interment

This gallery contains 30 photos.

William Shakespeare was 17 when, in 1580, the eminent French philosopher and essayist Michel de Montaigne passed through the Aurelian walls via the Porta del Popolo and entered the city of Rome.

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R for Rome

This gallery contains 12 photos.

The layers of debris and dirt that smothered Ancient Rome have a tale to tell. Whether that tale agrees with the official narrative is another story altogether.

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C for Colossal

This gallery contains 27 photos.

The remaining body parts of the Colossus of Constantine are an enduring reminder that students are taught to ignore truly colossal levels of Cogitative Dissonance.

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Making Mountains into Molehills

This gallery contains 7 photos.

A diversionary [and defensive] tactic deployed during debates is to claim your opponent is over-reacting and [metaphorically] “making a mountain out of a molehill”.

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M for Marcus

This gallery contains 30 photos.

Applying the Sagan Standard to Roman History means: Extraordinary Roman Narratives require Extraordinary Roman Evidence. The Sagan standard is an aphorism that asserts that “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence“.

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E for Epigraphy

This gallery contains 7 photos.

The interpretation of inscriptions has a very long history. Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing … Continue reading

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Amphitheatre of Serdica

This gallery contains 15 photos.

This summer serendipity sends Malaga Bay to Bulgaria. Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, … Continue reading

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The Late Paleocene Event

This gallery contains 22 photos.

The most telling aspect of the Late Paleocene Event is the divergent data. The ooze on the Shatsky Rise at ≈ 32° North has an outlier δ18O high spike. The ooze on the Maud Rise at ≈ 66° South has … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Red Sea Hills

This gallery contains 41 photos.

The Roman narrative for Egypt includes the quarrying of monumental hard stones and the mining of gold, emeralds and amethyst in the Red Sea Hills of the Eastern Desert that separates the Nile from the Red Sea. To the east … Continue reading

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Louis Hissink: Medusa and Venus

This gallery contains 13 photos.

Human traditions of mighty celestial snakes or serpents in the sky wreaking havoc and destruction on the Earth’s surface remain inexplicable, principally because any geological features that could be associated with these heavenly prodigies are believed to be absent. Absent … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Desert

This gallery contains 50 photos.

The academic consensus is that North Africa became “much drier” about 5,000 years ago. The Neolithic Subpluvial, or the Holocene Wet Phase, was an extended period (from about 7500–7000 BCE to about 3500–3000 BCE) of wet and rainy conditions in … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: The Etruscan Mystery

This gallery contains 16 photos.

One enduring mystery is the extinction of the Etruscan language in 50 AD. The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Nile Valley

This gallery contains 48 photos.

When it comes to ancient monuments: Rome beats Cairo by 8 to 3 Egyptian obelisks. But when it comes to burying Roman ruins: Cairo beats Rome by 66 to 15 feet deep. In Roman Egypt, Heliopolis belonged to the province … Continue reading

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Roman Chronology: Credibility Gap

This gallery contains 31 photos.

The chronology of the Roman Empire is built directly upon the very shaky foundations of the Crisis of the Roman Republic which may [or may not] have lasted from 134 to 27 BC. Unfortunately, the academics can’t agree upon whether … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: Roman Ruination – Nile Delta

This gallery contains 24 photos.

One of the many enigmas confronting gradualist academics is Roman Egypt. On the one hand: The history of Graeco-Roman Egypt makes many Western academics dewy-eyed. https://archive.org/stream/ldpd_8542907_000#page/n27/mode/1up Alexandria was founded around a small, ancient Egyptian town c. 332 BC by Alexander … Continue reading

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The Cock-Up of the 3rd Century

This gallery contains 14 photos.

Getting to grips with a reconciliation error is usually a laborious exercise that involves critically examining the data, identifying errors and [very occasionally] discovering malfeasance. However, reconciling a 60 Year Discrepancy in Roman history is another story altogether. 60 Year … Continue reading

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Marcomannia

This gallery contains 18 photos.

According to Edward Gibbon the moral Decline of the Roman Empire was caused by a loss of civic virtue whilst the physical Fall of the Roman Empire was outsourced to barbarians. The History of the Decline and Fall of the … Continue reading

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Enigmatic Egypt: The Walrus and the Carpenter

This gallery contains 15 photos.

The realm of Geological Time has [at least] a couple of confounding countenances. On the one hand: Since the end of the Cretaceous Period 66 million years ago the serenely sluggish sea has carved out the Strait of Dover to … Continue reading

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