The Ice Age is Coming

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In 2003 21st Century magazine published an article entitled The Ice Age is Coming by Zbigniew Jaworowski which provides plenty of food for thought and some delicious references for those interested in Climate Data Morphology. In fact, the recent climate … Continue reading

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Atmospheric Layers

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Mainstream descriptions of the Earth’s atmosphere tend to focus upon five nebulous atmospheric layers and a table of atmospheric gases which suggests Nitrogen [at 78.084%] is the dominant gas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmosphere_of_Earth These mainstream overviews conveniently omit details Settled Science wants to … Continue reading

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Academic Scripts and Academic Actors

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Researching modern mainstream textbooks and the associated recommended reading list of approved texts is usually a mind numbing experience that drains my will to live. It’s an especially strange sensation reading Settled Science because it’s so difficult to concentrate and … Continue reading

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Invisible Indigo – Vaporised Violet

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The Wikipedia Wizards are working wonders with human colour perception. According to the Carl Zeiss web site the visible spectrum “covers the wavelength spectrum between 380 nm and 780 nm.” The visible area is the range of electromagnetic radiation that … Continue reading

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New Light Through Old Plates

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In the Space Age the Space Cadets provide a wealth of high resolution solar images [in a whole range of sizes and eye catching colours] snapped by satellites circling somewhere above our sometimes sunny skies. A rainbow of lunar transits … Continue reading

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The Fluorescing Universe and the Human Eye

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Occasionally serendipity delivers a piece of information that crystallises a chain of thought that actually holds together [with surprising results]. The information delivered by serendipity was that a “positive electrical discharge” in a vacuum tube has “neither an infra-red spectrum … Continue reading

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The Solar Eclipse Perception Problem

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It is generally known that the faint Solar Corona can be observed during a Solar Eclipse. A total eclipse occurs when the dark silhouette of the Moon completely obscures the intensely bright light of the Sun, allowing the much fainter … Continue reading

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Dark Lightning

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Dark Lightning is a fascinating tale of discovery, obscuration and rediscovery that begins in the days when photographers used Photographic Plates. Photographic plates preceded photographic film as a capture medium in photography. The light-sensitive emulsion of silver salts was coated … Continue reading

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Influence of Carbon Dioxide on Temperatures

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The first edition of the textbook Physics of the Air by W. J. Humphreys was published in 1920 with a second edition appearing in 1929 and the third [and final] edition appearing in 1940. Physics of the Air was considered … Continue reading

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Natural Variability

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The first edition of the textbook Physics of the Air by W. J. Humphreys was published in 1920 with a second edition appearing in 1929 and the third [and final] edition appearing in 1940. Physics of the Air was considered … Continue reading

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Atmospheric Electricity

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The first edition of the textbook Physics of the Air by W. J. Humphreys was published in 1920 with a second edition appearing in 1929 and the third [and final] edition appearing in 1940. William Jackson Humphreys (February 3, 1862 … Continue reading

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Maud and The Electric Earth

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Maud was built for Roald Amundsen so he could explore the Arctic and the Northeast Passage. The Maud, named for Queen Maud of Norway, was a ship built for Roald Amundsen for his second expedition to the Arctic. Designed for … Continue reading

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Trembling Stargazers

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Far, far away in the Land of Astronomy an epic conflict rages between the forces of enlightenment and the forces of slavish obedience. Star Wars is an American epic space opera franchise centered on a film series created by George … Continue reading

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All Gyre and No Gimbals

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Once upon a time in Christ Church, Oxford, Charles Dodgson wrote about slithy toves. ‘Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe. … Jabberwocky is … Continue reading

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Academics In Wonderland

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Charles Dodgson [aka Lewis Carroll] had a very British family background that was steeped in service to the British Crown and the Church of England. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen … Continue reading

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The Physics of the Phoenix

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Early last year I reviewed The Physics of the Oozlum Bird. The Physics of the Oozlum Bird is intriguing because it has the ability to fly around in ever-decreasing circles until it disappears [with an almighty big bang] into a … Continue reading

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Rock Around the Clock

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I greatly admire George Dodwell’s dogged [but doomed] determination to inform mainstream astronomy that Simon Newcomb’s Formula for the Obliquity of the Ecliptic was flawed because it couldn’t be reconciled with the observational data dating back to 1,100 B.C. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axial_tiltContinue reading

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Celestial Crystal Balls and the Temple of Amen-Ra

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Newtonian Celestial Mechanics has been plagued by problems from the very beginning. Firstly, Isaac Newton [1642-1727] provided “no hypotheses” about how his hypothetical “invisible force” was mediated “instantaneously” over “vast distances”. Newton’s theory of gravity offered no prospect of identifying … Continue reading

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Axial Tilt – Game Over

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IF Jupiter has released a series of planets into the inner Solar System THEN the data suggests the Axial Tilt and Heliocentric Inclination of these planets approaches zero as their orbital distance from the Sun approaches zero. Mercury, for example, … Continue reading

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The Earth is from Saturn – The Moon is from Jupiter

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The concept of Axial Tilt [aka Obliquity] is very straightforward. In astronomy, axial tilt, also known as obliquity, is the angle between an object’s rotational axis and its orbital axis, or, equivalently, the angle between its equatorial plane and orbital … Continue reading

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