The Cholesterol Correlation – The Ancel Keys “Facts”

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Extraordinary stories frequently feature extraordinary protagonists. The story of the Cholesterol Correlation features the extraordinary Ancel Keys. Keys was the only child of Caroline Emma Chaney Keys, a homemaker, and Benjamin Pios Keys, a bookbinder. Shortly after their son’s birth, … Continue reading

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The Cholesterol Correlation – Correlation and Causation

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The decline in mortality rates caused by infectious diseases during the first half of the 20th century resulted in a very significant improvement in life expectancy. Mortality in England and Wales: Average Life Span, 2010 http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/mortality-ageing/mortality-in-england-and-wales/average-life-span/rpt-average-life-span.html This improvement in life … Continue reading

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The Cholesterol Correlation – The Great Oxymorons

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Medical professionals confronted a bleak future in 1945 because: 1) The terror of infectious diseases had been eradicated by public health measures. 2) The fear of bacteria infections was being eliminated by the widespread use of antibiotics. 3) Demobilised medical … Continue reading

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The Cholesterol Correlation – Forgotten History

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The Cholesterol Correlation is one of the longest running soap operas in the illustrious history of Post-Normal Science. A soap opera, soapie, or soap is a serial drama and suspense on television or radio which features related story lines about … Continue reading

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Carver Mead: Coherent Science

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Carver Mead is a very interesting engineer and scientist who has achieved a very impressive list of “firsts”. In relation to his 2002 award with the National Medal of Technology, his biography at a webpage of the Technology Administration of … Continue reading

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Brownian Billiard Balls

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Lucretius described Brownian Motion as “tiny bodies” mingling “in many ways all through the empty space” in On the Nature of Things over 2,000 years ago. For look closely, whenever rays are let in and pour the sun’s light through … Continue reading

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Political Economy

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On the afternoon of Friday 13th August 1971 Richard Nixon decided to close “the gold window” so that “foreign governments could no longer exchange their dollars for gold.” On the afternoon of Friday, August 13, 1971, these officials along with … Continue reading

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Taylor–Couette Circulation

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Earth’s atmospheric circulation is primarily driven by “solar heating” and the “Hadley system provides an example of a thermally direct circulation” according to Settled Science. The major driving force of atmospheric circulation is solar heating, which on average is largest … Continue reading

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Couette Flow 4: Taylor Vortices

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Settled Science generally hides away inconvenient science in the dark corners of their academic edifices. Atmospheric Corotation is one of those “dark corners” of science where mainstream scientists “fear to tread”. Physics and the Earth sciences seem to [currently] avoid … Continue reading

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Couette Flow 3: Turbulence

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Laminar Flow is characterised by adjacent layers sliding past one another like playing cards. In fluid dynamics, laminar flow (or streamline flow) occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, with no disruption between the layers. At low velocities, the … Continue reading

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Solar Wind Turbines

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Turbines are used to extract rotational energy from moving fluids. A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. A turbine is a turbomachine with at least one moving … Continue reading

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Settled Science: Going Round in Circles

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Settled Science tells us a gyroscopes is based on “the principles of angular momentum”. A gyroscope is a device for measuring or maintaining orientation, based on the principles of angular momentum. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyroscope Settled Science also tells us that “angular momentum” … Continue reading

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Dynamic Aeroelasticity

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Aeroelastic phenomena occur when an object encounters a fluid at speed. The speed involved in the encounter may be associated with the object and/or the flow. Aeroelastic problems have “plagued” the development of aeronautics. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Langley#Aviation_work The 2nd failure of Samuel … Continue reading

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1905: Annus Mirabilis

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According to the Oxford English Dictionary the Latin phrase Annus Mirabilis [“year of miracles”] first appeared in English text in a poem that commemorated the events of 1665-6. Annus Mirabilis is a poem written by John Dryden published in 1667. … Continue reading

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Engineer Through the Looking Glass

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Eric Laithwaite was a “talented engineering maverick” and professor of heavy electrical engineering at Imperial College [1964-1986] who developed the linear induction motor and maglev rail system. Eric Roberts Laithwaite (14 June 1921 – 27 November 1997) was a British … Continue reading

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Couette Flow 2: Laminar Flow

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The preamble continues because an understanding Couette Flow requires a more advanced understanding of Fluid Dynamics than just the basic concepts of Viscosity and Reynolds Numbers. The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation … Continue reading

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Peak Oil Revisited

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Back in May 2011 Roger Tallbloke was buzzing about “a nuclear reaction which leaves no waste”. The nuclear world is all abuzz over this invention. A nuclear reaction which leaves no waste. It uses a catalyst (possibly aluminium) and a … Continue reading

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An Avalanche of Glaciologists

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The English language has a rich and diverse vocabulary which includes a profusion of collective-nouns for animals. Geese, for example, are collectively called a gaggle when they are not flying and a skein when they are in flight. But the … Continue reading

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Kudryavtsev’s Rule

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Nikolai Alexandrovich Kudryavtsev [1893 – 1971] was a Russian petroleum geologist who is considered the founding father of the modern abiogenic theory for petroleum. Nikolai Kudryavtsev was also a prominent and forceful advocate of the abiogenic theory. He argued that … Continue reading

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The Great Game

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The Great Game was invented by the British. “The Great Game” was a term for the strategic rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia. The classic Great Game period is generally … Continue reading

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