The Arabian Horizon – The Lost Lands: Punt

the-arabian-horizon-lost-lands-punt

When the Gradualist Skool of Historians defers to the Gradualist Skool of Geologists then the historical narrative becomes anachronistic and anomalous.

For example:

Gradualist Historians can’t agree upon the exact location of the Land of Punt.

The Land of Punt, also called Pwenet, or Pwene by the ancient Egyptians, was an ancient kingdom.

A trading partner of Egypt, it was known for producing and exporting gold, aromatic resins, blackwood, ebony, ivory, and wild animals.

The region is known from ancient Egyptian records of trade expeditions to it.

Some biblical scholars have identified it with the biblical land of Put.

At times Punt is referred to as Ta netjer, the “Land of the God”.[4]

The exact location of Punt is still debated by historians.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt

This is a cause of consternation for the Gradualist Historians because ancient Egyptians were trading with the Land of Punt for over a thousand years.

The earliest recorded Egyptian expedition to Punt was organized by Pharaoh Sahure of the Fifth Dynasty (25th century BC).

Subsequently, there were more expeditions to Punt in the Sixth, Eleventh, Twelfth and Eighteenth dynasties of Egypt.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt

The eighteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt (Dynasty XVIII) (c. 1543–1292 BC) is the best known ancient Egyptian dynasty.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighteenth_Dynasty_of_Egypt

land-of-punt

Some Gradualist Historians believe the Land of Punt was in North Eastern Africa.

The majority opinion places Punt in Northeastern Africa, based on the fact that the products of Punt (as depicted in the Hatshepsut illustrations) were abundantly found in the Horn of Africa but were less common or sometimes absent in Arabia.

These products included gold and aromatic resins such as myrrh, frankincense, and ebony; the wild animals depicted in Punt included giraffes, baboons, hippopotami, and leopards.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt

Other Gradualist Historians believe the Land of Punt was in Arabia.

Some scholars disagree with this view and point to a range of ancient inscriptions which locate Punt in Arabia.

Dimitri Meeks has written that “Texts locating Punt beyond doubt to the south are in the minority, but they are the only ones cited in the current consensus about the location of the country.

Punt, we are told by the Egyptians, is situated – in relation to the Nile Valley – both to the north, in contact with the countries of the Near East of the Mediterranean area, and also to the east or south-east, while its furthest borders are far away to the south.

Only the Arabian Peninsula satisfies all these indications.”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt

The human Y DNA evidence reflects this dichotomy with significant clusters of haplogroup J-M267 appearing in [both] Arabia [Yemen] and North Eastern Africa [Sudan and Ethiopia].

In Genetic genealogy and human genetics, Y DNA haplogroup J-M267, also commonly known as Haplogroup J1 is a subclade (branch) of Y-DNA haplogroup J-P209, (commonly known as Haplogroup J) along with its sibling clade Y DNA haplogroup J-M172 (commonly known as Haplogroup J2).

Men from this lineage share a common paternal ancestor, which is demonstrated and defined by the presence of the SNP mutation referred to as M267, which was announced in (Cinnioğlu 2004).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_J-M267

punt-haplogroup-j1

The geographical evidence clearly indicates these two clusters of haplogroup J-M267 were once unified in a single geographic location centred upon the Afar Triple Junction.

the-afar-triple-junction

The Afar Triangle (also called the Afar Depression) is a geological depression caused by the Afar Triple Junction, which is part of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa.

The region has disclosed fossil specimens of the very earliest hominins, that is, the earliest of the human clade; and it is thought by some paleontologists to be the cradle of the evolution of humans.

The Afar Depression is the product of a tectonic triple-rifts junction (the Afar Triple Junction), where the spreading ridges forming the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden emerge on land and meet the East African Rift.

The conjunction of these three plates of Earth’s crust is near Lake Abbe.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afar_Depression

In other words:

If the Gradualist Historians stopped deferring to the Gradualist Geologists then their warring factions would discover they are both correct because the Land of Punt was located at the point where Arabia [once] joined North Eastern Africa.

In other words:

The Geologic Time Line devised [out of thin air] by the Gradualist Skool of Geologists is pure bunkum.

Arabia was physically connected to North Eastern Africa until about 1300 BC [i.e. the eighteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt circa 1543–1292 BC].

Therefore, when the Gradualist Geologists state the “separation of Africa and Arabia occurred approximately 25 million years ago” then their dating is wrong by [a mere] 24,996,692 years according to the historical narrative told by the Gradualist Historians.

The Arabian Plate was part of the African plate during much of the Phanerozoic Eon (Paleozoic–Cenozoic), until the Oligocene Epoch of the Cenozoic Era.

Red Sea rifting began in the Eocene, but the separation of Africa and Arabia occurred approximately 25 million years ago in the Oligocene, and since then the Arabian Plate has been slowly moving toward the Eurasian Plate.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_Plate

Footnote
Some Triple Junctions are very special in geological terms because they mark points on the Earth’s surface where the Earth has expanded [aka inflated] in all directions.

A triple junction is the point where the boundaries of three tectonic plates meet.

The first scientific paper detailing the triple junction concept was published in 1969 by W. Jason Morgan, Dan McKenzie, and Tanya Atwater.

The term had traditionally been used for the intersection of three divergent boundaries or spreading ridges.

These three divergent boundaries ideally meet at near 120° angles.

oceanic-triple-junctions

The junction of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the East African Rift centered in the Afar Triangle (the Afar Triple Junction) is the only Ridge-Ridge-Ridge (R-R-R) triple junction above sea level.

The Rodrigues Triple Point is a R-R-R triple junction in the southern Indian Ocean, where the African, the Indo-Australian and the Antarctic Plates meet.

The Galapagos Triple Junction is an R-R-R triple junction where the Nazca, the Cocos, and the Pacific Plates meet.

The Azores Triple Junction is a geologic triple junction where the boundaries of three tectonic plates intersect: the North American Plate, the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, R-R-R.

The North Sea is located at the extinct triple junction of three former continental plates of the Palaeozoic era: Avalonia, Laurentia and Baltica.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_junction

earth-seafloor-crust-age-1996

earth_seafloor_crust_expansion

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2013/05/28/the-inflating-earth/

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Gallery | This entry was posted in Arabian Horizon, Catastrophism, Earth, Geology, History, Inflating Earth, Uniformitarianism. Bookmark the permalink.

9 Responses to The Arabian Horizon – The Lost Lands: Punt

  1. Tim,

    Excellent though I would apply Gunnar’s reconstruction of this period (as well as Charlie Ginenthal’s) and see when the separation occurred. The islamic tale involving elephants suggests the Afar Triple Point disruption might have occurred far more recently.

  2. Triple point junctions are also observed at the microscopic level in metamorphosed rocks where individual crystals join together. In metamorphic petrography these are indications of thermal equilibration and typical reach 120 degree angles. This is easily shown in recrystallised limestones and quartzites.

    • malagabay says:

      Thanks Louis!


      Low temperature scanning electron microscope image of a snow crystal.

      • The stone walls at Cuzco in Peru also seem to have triple-point junctions where the masonry work is so fine and accurate that no one knows how the ancients did it. My guess is that these stone walls were heated up to semi-plastic state and the block boundaries underwent thermal adjustment. The heat source is easy to explain using plasma physics. But first to find out what rocks the wall is made of.

  3. Beautiful concept. The separation date for Africa-Arabia depends on the date for the divide between Bronze Age and Iron Age. Mainstream has that cataclysm some 3200 years before present. With my equation Mitanni=Medes one would arrive at ca. 600 BCE, i.e. 2600 before present in the conventional framework. From 2600 one has to deduce some 700 empty years during the first millennium CE years plus at least 200 years that are archaeologically naked between 600 and 1 BCE. The end result would be something like 1700 years before present, Gunnar Heinsohn

  4. An important point is the construction of stone buildings and monuments – dressing stone requires iron implements. I recently had a house built on the family farm and it featured a stone wall. The stonemason laughed his head off when I mentioned that archaeologists insisted that Cheops pyramid was made during the Bronze Age using bronze implements. Impossible. So all ‘stone work’ has to be of iron age period. So where does Egyptian history fall into? Bronze or Iron?

  5. Pingback: The Arabian Horizon – The Lost Lands: Dilmun | MalagaBay

  6. Pingback: Ravenna Revisited: A Byzantine Birth | MalagaBay

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