Indian Impacts: Diamonds of the Gods

Geology is a very ambivalent belief system.

On the one hand:

The discovery of stishovite at the Kachchh (Luna) site in India has helped convinced some geologists they’re dealing with an meteorite impact even though the dimple doesn’t display the necessary depth to diameter ratio to qualify as a meteorite impact from above.

This site appears to be a unique site in the world, as it lacks the characteristics of a typical impact site. Conventionally measured depth to diameter ratio is dismally low.

X-ray analysis of the materials adhering to meteorite fragments carried out by Dr George Mathew, Earth Science Department, the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay reveal stishovite and coesite, the high pressure polymorphs of sllica, which confirms the impact origin of the crater.

The Unusual Impact Crater of Luna In Kachchh, Western India
R V Karan – Jour Geol Soc India – Vol 68 – Nov 2006

http://www.geosocindia.org/index.php/jgsi/article/viewFile/81609/62979

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/05/01/indian-impacts-the-hole-story/

On the other hand:

The discovery of stishovite in diamonds doesn’t impact the geologist’s implacable belief that diamonds are formed at a depth of about 150 kilometres below the Earth’s surface.

Minute amounts of stishovite have been found within diamonds, and post-stishovite phases were identified within ultra-high-pressure mantle rocks.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stishovite

Diamond-bearing rock is carried from the mantle to the Earth’s surface by deep-origin volcanic eruptions.

The magma for such a volcano must originate at a depth where diamonds can be formed – 150 km (93 mi) or more (three times or more the depth of source magma for most volcanoes).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diamond

The gigantic Geologic Gospel of Guesses generated by geologists concerning the interior of the Earth is simply staggering considering they’ve only managed to scratch the surface of the Earth down to 12,262 metres i.e. 0.19% of the Earth’s radius.

The Kola Superdeep Borehole is the result of a scientific drilling project of the Soviet Union in the Pechengsky District, on the Kola Peninsula.

The project attempted to drill as deep as possible into the Earth’s crust. Drilling began on 24 May 1970 using the Uralmash-4E, and later the Uralmash-15000 series drilling rig. Boreholes were drilled by branching from a central hole.

The deepest, SG-3, reached 12,262 metres (40,230 ft) in 1989 and still is the deepest artificial point on Earth. The borehole is 9 inches (23 cm) in diameter.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kola_Superdeep_Borehole

And having scratched the surface of the Earth the curators of the Geologic Gospel of Guesses weren’t very impressed with the results.

The hole reached 12,262 m (40,230 ft) in 1989.

In that year the hole depth was expected to reach 13,500 m (44,300 ft) by the end of 1990 and 15,000 m (49,000 ft) by 1993.

However, due to higher than expected temperatures at this depth and location, 180 °C (356 °F) instead of expected 100 °C (212 °F), drilling deeper was deemed unfeasible and the drilling was stopped in 1992.

To scientists, one of the more fascinating findings to emerge from this well is that no transition from granite to basalt was found at the depth of about 7 km, where the velocity of seismic waves has a discontinuity.

Instead the change in the seismic wave velocity is caused by a metamorphic transition in the granite rock.

In addition, the rock at that depth had been thoroughly fractured and was saturated with water, which was surprising.

This water, unlike surface water, must have come from deep-crust minerals and had been unable to reach the surface because of a layer of impermeable rock.

Another unexpected discovery was the large quantity of hydrogen gas, with the mud flowing out of the hole described as “boiling” with hydrogen.

Kola Superdeep Borehole – Wirelinedrilling.com
https://web.archive.org/web/20131216132006/http://wirelinedrilling.com/?q=node/9

Therefore, it’s very likely the Geologic Gospel of Guesses is pure bunkum.

Sanskrit Science suggests the Geologic Gospel of Guesses is pure baloney.

More specifically:

Sanskrit Science states diamonds “possess the hardness of the thunderbolt”.

A Sanskrit-english Dictionary – Monier Williams – 1872 – Page 878
https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.237155/2015.237155.A-Sanskrit-english#page/n908/mode/1up

Vedic Sanskrit is an Indo-European language, more specifically one branch of the Indo-Iranian group.

It is the ancient language of the Vedas of Hinduism, texts compiled over the period of the mid-2nd to mid-1st millennium BCE.

It was orally preserved, predating the advent of Brahmi script by several centuries.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedic_Sanskrit

A thunderbolt or lightning bolt is a symbolic representation of lightning when accompanied by a loud thunderclap.

In its original usage the word may also have been a description of the consequences of a close approach between two planetary cosmic bodies, as Plato suggested in Timaeus, or, according to Victor Clube, meteors, though this is not currently the case.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thunderbolt

Sanskrit Science also states the thunderbolt contains “centrifugal energy”.

The “centrifugal energy” of the plasma arc [aka thunderbolt] is capable of producing the “shock metamorphic features” observed at the Dhala structure – including the “multiple breccia rings”.

The presence of unequivocal and diagnostic shock metamorphic features, extensive macro-deformation, and a large impact melt breccia dyke has already been reported.

The Dhala structure has a well defined central uplift surrounded by largely eroded multiple breccia rings.

The breccia rings are separated by crater-fill sediments and suevite deposits.
Monomict impact breccia outcrops occur as elliptical bodies with maximum elevation of 360 m.

Radial and concentric fractures are observed in and around the central uplift up to a distance of about 10 km from the center.

Monomict Impact Breccia From Dhala Structure, Archean Bundelkhand Craton, Central India: Macro- And Mesoscopic Impact-Induced Deformation
J.K. Pati, M. Nadeem, R. Kundu, R. Bhusan and W.U. Reimold
69th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting – 2006

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2006/pdf/5184.pdf

See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/05/01/indian-impacts-the-hole-story/

The “centrifugal energy” of the plasma arc [aka thunderbolt] is also capable of producing the so-called “volcanic pipes” that are divined to be the “primary source of diamonds” by the curators of the Geologic Gospel of Guesses.

Volcanic pipes are subterranean geological structures formed by the violent, supersonic eruption of deep-origin volcanoes.

They are considered to be a type of diatreme. Volcanic pipes are composed of a deep, narrow cone of solidified magma (described as “carrot-shaped”), and are usually largely composed of one of two characteristic rock types – kimberlite or lamproite.

These rocks reflect the composition of the volcanoes’ deep magma sources, where the Earth is rich in magnesium. Volcanic pipes are relatively rare.

They are well known as the primary source of diamonds, and are mined for this purpose.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcanic_pipe

Plasma vortexes have been observed swirling above the Sun.

Many advocates of the Electric Universe believe tornadoes, hurricanes and typhoons are primarily plasma phenomena operating in “dark mode”.

In thunderstorms, dark mode discharges drag surrounding neutral air molecules along with the charged particles.

The strong winds into and out of such storms appear as updrafts and downdrafts.

A mark of their power can be seen in any rapidly rotating system, like a tornado.

They can lift dirt and rocks, erode surfaces, and accelerate materials to extreme velocity. In an Electric Universe, those storms are therefore not produced solely through hot air convection.

Instead, thunderstorms could be a secondary phenomenon driven by an invisible dielectric breakdown of Earth’s atmospheric insulator.

Arc Mode Discharge – Stephen Smith – 24 Dec 2012 – The Thunderbolts Projec
https://www.thunderbolts.info/wp/2012/12/24/arc-mode-discharge/

The direction of rotation of eddy-current highs and lows and the movement of jet streams in Earth’s northern and southern magnetic hemispheres match precisely the movements expected of ionized-particle flows in such magnetic fields in the laboratory.

This similarity alone is compelling evidence of electromagnetic forces at work on Earth’s surface.

It is therefore not surprising to find that tornadoes are now known to be sustained lightning bolts, and that hurricanes and typhoons on Earth are mirror images of sunspots.

Hurricanes are born near latitude 8 degrees north or south of the Equator.

They move away from the Equator and westward for considerable distances.

At latitudes near 35 degrees, most of them lose power and dissipate.

Sunspots are now know to be magnetic storms.

They begin at about 35 degrees north or south of the Sun’s equator and move eastward eastward and toward it.

When they are within about 8 degrees of the equator, they disappear.

Subdue The Earth – Ralph Franklin Walworth & Geoffrey Walworth Sjostrom – 1977
https://www.amazon.com/dp/0440582954/ https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0440582954/

If the independent observer is unconvinced by these Electric Universe theories then the necessary plasma can be supplied by a passing comet at perihelion – such as Comet Halley.

The orbital path for 912 CE suggests a cometary “dust” tail encounter plus a “full on” plasma tail encounter when Comet Halley was close to perihelion.

The Transit of Venus in 912 CE also suggests 912 CE was a very powerful alignment and that a Halley-Venus-Earth alignment could have emulated the conditions associated with Immanuel Velikovsky’s “Comet Venus”….
See: https://malagabay.wordpress.com/2017/03/19/close-encounters-of-the-cometary-kind/

Either way, it’s very possible the Sanskrit Science concerning the origin of diamonds is based upon direct observational evidence because there are a lot of diamonds in India.

Historical Accounts Of Diamond Mining In India

The world was introduced to the splendour and glory of these rarest of rare gems by our great country.

Diamonds are known in India for more than 2500 to 3000 years, figured in the Indian epic Mahabharata and Hindu Puranas and in the writings of Kautilya (4th century B.C), Pliny (1st century A.D.), Ptolemy (2nd century A.D.), Varahamihira (6th century A.D.) and others.

In the ancient Deccan, according to the Kautilya’s Arthasastra (Kangle, 1972), diamonds were reported from Sabharastra (Vidarbha in Maharashtra) and according to Varahamihira’s Brhat Samhita, from the Vena River (modern Wainaganga, Maharashtra) and Matanga country, identified as the area covering a part of the erstwhile Hyderabad State, which included the Krishna and Godavari districts.

There is no well-documented record of the diamond mining during the ancient period, but the accounts of the medieval period (13th – 18th centuries A.D.) by European travellers and merchants, and Portuguese and British officials gave vivid descriptions of the hectic diamond mining activity of those days.

Prominent among them were Marco Polo (13th century), Nicolo de Conti and Asthanasius Nikitin (15th century), Fernao Nuniz and Garcia da Orata (16th century), Jacques de Coutre, Jean Baptiste Tavernier and Henry Howard (17th century), Benjamin Heyne, Henry Voysey, and Capt. New Bold (19thcentury) and officers of the Geological Survey of India during the 19th & 20th centuries viz., William King, Bruce Foote, Valentine Ball, Heron and others described the diamond fields and mining activity.

The writings of Tavernier (1676) in the “Travels in India” and the Paper presented by Henry Howard (1677), the Right Honourable the Earl Marshall of England, to the Royal Society, gave us details of the 17th century account of the different mines worked, nature of material mined, methods of working, cutting, trading of diamonds etc.

Diamond – Geological Survey of India
http://www.portal.gsi.gov.in/portal/page?_pageid=127,717858&_dad=portal

About 150 miles south east of the Dhala structure [with it’s “multiple breccia rings”] is the famous diamond mining area of Panna.

Panna is a city and a municipality in Panna district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is famous for its diamond mines.

A large group of diamond deposits extends North-East on a branch of the Vindhya Range for 150 miles (240 km) or so, and is known as the Panna group.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panna,_India

Panna diamonds aren’t recovered from “volcanic pipes”.

Panna diamonds were originally found in a “conglomerate” seam about 30 feet below the surface.

The Diamond-diggings in the immediate neighbourhood of Panna (or Punnah) in Bundelkhund, have been described by Mr. Medlicott, formerly Director of the Geological Survey of India.

They do not cover an area of more than 20 acres.

Great pits, 25 feet in diameter and, perhaps, 30 feet in depth, are dug for the sake of reaching the Diamond conglomerate, which, in many cases, is not more than a span in thickness.

The miners enter the pit by means of inclined planes, and work almost naked and knee-deep in water.

The material which they dig up is put into baskets and hauled by manual labour to the surface, where it is carefully searched for Diamonds.

Precious Stones and Gems – Edwin William Streeter – 1898
https://archive.org/details/preciousstonesa02stregoog

While in nearby Sukariuh a “rich Diamond-bed” was “concealed” 20 feet below the surface.

The most productive Diamond mines in this group were, in 1860, to be found in the village of Sukariuh, about twenty miles from Panna.

Here the upper stratum, from 15 to 20 feet thick, had to be broken through in order to reach the rich Diamond-bed which lay concealed underneath.

Four kinds of Diamonds were found at Sukariuh.

They were termed, 1st, Motichul, clear and brilliant ; 2nd, Manik, verging in tint towards green ; 3rd, Panna, with a faint orange tint ; 4th, Bunsput, sepia coloured.

Diamonds are found under the cascade of the river Bagin, from 700 to 900 feet below the present Diamond strata; and the only explanation hitherto given is that the Bagin has brought these precious stones down from the table-land, with other matter torn from its native bed.

Precious Stones and Gems – Edwin William Streeter – 1898
https://archive.org/details/preciousstonesa02stregoog

Panna district is famous for its diamond mines located in a belt of about 80 km across the Panna town.

In olden days the most productive mines were located in the village of Sukariuh.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panna_district

In other words:

There is evidence that supports the Sanskrit Science.

However, Sanskrit Science doesn’t state “Diamonds are a girl’s best friend”.

That’s probably because the carbon in a diamond was involuntarily donated by someone’s “best friend” when they were caught in a plasma arc…

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8 Responses to Indian Impacts: Diamonds of the Gods

  1. craigm350 says:

    Reblogged this on CraigM350 and commented:
    An excellent read Tim.

  2. thx1138 says:

    I’ve been under the impression for quite a long time that diamonds are not particularly rare. From what I understand it is only through the marketing actions of Debeers that limits the production of diamonds.

    Rather than centrifugal force it is a z-pinch which produces the temperatures and pressures required to produce minerals of all sorts including transmutation of elements from one to another.

    I’ve been trying to find an estimate of the types of temperatures and pressures which could be produced by the Bennett pinch.

    The evidence certainly seems to indicate that diamonds are indeed thunderstones.

  3. Stephen Kovaka says:

    This is related to the Kola bore hole rather than to diamond formation. The discovery of large amounts of water and hydrogen gas at such depth puts me in mind of Vladimir Larin’s book, “Hydridic Earth”, which could explain those surprising findings. I’ve read it and found its contents worthy of consideration.
    http://hydrogen-future.com/en/list-c-larin-en/68-hydridicearthfrompolarpublishing-en.html

  4. Isotope ratios of diamonds are a wee bit more complex than most realise

    https://www.gia.edu/gia-news-research-carnegie-carbon-isotope-studies-diamond

    • malagabay says:

      Interesting to see δ13C values for diamonds ranging from -42 up to +3.

      But I’m not impressed when they mix in concepts from the gigantic Geologic Gospel of Guesses like “mantle” and “subduction”…

      “If you see very negative carbon isotope composition—say, -24 δ13C—in most cases, this is carbon of organic origin, so they might be coming from the surface of the earth. This could indicate the subduction of oceanic crust from the surface deep into the mantle.

      https://www.gia.edu/gia-news-research-carnegie-carbon-isotope-studies-diamond

      Overall, I find the Settled Science of diamonds far from convincing.

      It has been more than two decades since diamond ages have proven to be up to billions of years older than their host magmas of kimberlite or lamproite.

      The most prized specimens for research are flawed with visible inclusions, for these carry actual samples of mantle minerals from depths as great as 800 km beneath the surface.

      The movement of the plates occurs on the mobile portion of the mantle known as the asthenosphere, and it is driven by deeper flow of the mantle, a process known as convection.

      https://www.gia.edu/gems-gemology/WN13-advances-diamond-geology-shirey

      • All this theory is based on two basic physical parameters, Pressure and Temperature. The famous diamond stability curve is a plot of the phase transition of diamond-graphite in terms of P and T.

        I suggest it be augmented by a third parameter, E, electric field strength, so we thus have a new phase diagram in terms of P,T & E.

        In terms of P & T diamond is limited to great depths and the associated silicate mineralogy confirms that, but as the electric field is totally ignored in petrology and mineralogy, that limits our ability to explain the origin of diamond. If we add E to the system then diamond might become stable at shallow depths and temperatures.

        If on the other hand Tommy Gold’s idea of a deep hot biosphere is correct, then biotic signature diamond at depth is to be expected, but this totally contradicts the mainstream belief that the biosphere is a recent addition to the inanimate physical system.

        There is no problem with religious people believing in a creation, for that comes with their religious tendencies, but when avowed atheists also believe in a big bang theory, which most do, and which thus informs mainstream science, what then? That’s very confused thinking, to say the least, and probably why many of the mainstream explanations are seemingly nonsensical, where history is fabricated, and impossible things imagined before breakfast every morning.

        The core problem is the belief in nothing being transformed into something either 6000 years ago or 13.7 billions of years ago. There’s a third alternative, that life and the universe always existed and that life manifests itself spontaneously where its physically possible, David Bohm’s implicate/explicate order interpretation of a holographic universe.

  5. Pingback: Indian Impacts: Taprobane | MalagaBay

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