Serendipity and a spreadsheet suggest some surprising scenarios for Venus and Mars.
In 1692 Edmond Halley conceptually placed Venus inside his Hollow Earth.
Data from 1771 indicates this would have been a very tight fit because the diameter of Venus was only 64 miles smaller than Earth’s diameter.
Data from 1911 indicates the fit was less snug because the diameter of Venus was 288 miles smaller than Earth’s diameter.
And by 2020 the data indicates there’s even more legroom with the diameter of Venus being just under 400 miles smaller than Earth’s diameter.
Overall, the observational data suggests Venus and Mars have noticeably shrunk in the last 250 years and that the shrinkage could have been more significant in the longer term.
The data shows Jupiter and Saturn expanding.
Arguably, the observed shrinkage of Venus and Mars was caused by the loss of opaque atmosphere rather than a reduction in the size of the underlying rocky planet.
The observed shrinkage implies Velikovsky’s Comet Venus became the shrinking violet known today as Planet Venus.
However, that is not what we see when we observe our sister planet from above.
Instead, we spy a smooth, bright covering of cloud.
This cloud forms a 20-km-thick layer that sits between 50 and 70 km above the surface and is thus far colder than below, with typical temperatures of about -70 degrees Celsius – similar to temperatures found at the cloud-tops of Earth.
The upper cloud layer also hosts more extreme weather, with winds that blow hundreds of times faster than those on the surface (and faster than Venus itself rotates, a phenomenon dubbed ‘super-rotation’).
What lies beneath: Venus’ surface revealed through the clouds
European Space Agency (ESA) – Venus Express – 18 July 2016
One of Immanuel Velikovsky’s more outrageous heresies contained within Worlds in Collision is the conclusion that Comet Venus was producing petroleum gases.
The observational data shows the shrinking violet Venus and the mighty minimising Mars also experienced slow [but steady] increases in their orbital distances from the Sun.
The orbital distances for Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn suggest:
a) The dynamics of the current Solar System were initialised at the Arabian Horizon centred upon 637 CE.
b) The dynamics re-synchronised 800 years later at the Hecker Horizon.
… the Earth-Moon system experienced a “‘square wave’ in the accelerations” between [about] 700 and 1300 CE.
The orbital distance data also supports the following scenario:
1) Venus first attempted to pass through the orbital domain of planet Earth at the Arabian Horizon and was repeatedly blocked [aka repulsed] until the greatly diminished Planet Venus finally broke through at the Hecker Horizon.
2) Mars passed through the orbital domains of Earth and Venus at the Heinsohn Horizon and emerged as the greatly diminished Planet Mars.
It was impossible to observe Transits of Venus [across the face of the Sun] until Venus moved to it’s inside track orbit at the Hecker Horizon i.e. 1639 – 243 = 1396.
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Transits of Venus are among the rarest of predictable astronomical phenomena. They occur in a pattern that generally repeats every 243 years, with pairs of transits eight years apart separated by long gaps of 121.5 years and 105.5 years
The first recorded observation of a transit of Venus was made by Jeremiah Horrocks from his home at Carr House in Much Hoole, near Preston in England, on 4 December 1639 (24 November under the Julian calendar then in use in England). His friend, William Crabtree, also observed this transit from Broughton, near Manchester.
Halley was not satisfied that the resulting calculation of the solar parallax at 45″ was accurate. In a paper published in 1691, and a more refined one in 1716, he proposed that more accurate calculations could be made using measurements of a transit of Venus, although the next such event was not due until 1761.
On June 3, 1769, British navigator Captain James Cook, British naturalist Joseph Banks, British astronomer Charles Green and Swedish naturalist Daniel Solander recorded the transit of Venus on the island of Tahiti during Cook’s first voyage around the world.
Undoubtedly, others will view the data differently.